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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Process of converting short term to long term memory
CONSOLIDATION
Can improve memory with what?
emotional response, adrenaline, or noradrenaline
post traumatic stress syndrome
sometimes memory for traumatic event is too strong
Declarative memory is located where
Medial temporal love; diencephalon
(hypothalamus and thalamus)
Declarative memory is also called what
EXPLICIT memory
Facts and events
Nondeclaratie memory includes
Procedural memory (skills and habits)
Where is procedural memory produced?
Striatum
Classical condition (nondeclarative learning)
skeletal muscle (cerebellum)
Emotional response (amygdala)
Nondeclarative memory is also known as
IMPLICIT MEMORY
S.
Limitless memory, everything went from short to long term memory there was no filtering
Synesthesia
Crumbly yellow voice
Cross senses
To remember EVERYTHING must overcome
Filtering of unimportant or uninteresting events
DARK side of LIMITLESS memory
difficulty forgetting things, difficulty distinguishing reality and fantasy, most MNEMOISTS don't have this problem
SAVANTS
Combination of limited mental abilities and extraordinary memories, yet poor cognitive abilities, can't do simple things
Are exceptional memories innate
Takes practice. There is little difference between exceptional memories and those who acquired them. SKILLED MEMORY
RETROGRADE AMNESIA
Can't remember past memories
ANTEROGRADE AMNESIA
can't form new memories
Patient HM had what disorder
epilepsy. result: remove both sides of medial temporal lobe (bilateral labotemy)
HM removal of medial temporal love what part of memory was largely preserved
Nondeclarative
Including procedural memory (striatum), skeletal musculature (cerebellum) and emotional response (amygdala)
HM shows improvement in what areas?
nondeclarative motor and perceptual tasks (mirror and drawing)
HM has a specific deficit in what kind of memory
declarative
What structure is activated after declarative learning (facts and events)?
HIPPOCAMPUS
Hippocampus is not the sight of long-term memory
not required for retrieval of long term memory
Hippocampus is not needed for short-term
rather, it is needed to convert SHORT-term to LONG-term
Hippocampus is required for what form of memory
DECLARATIVE
The more these structures are stimulated during learning, the better you will remember it
Perirhinal cortex and PARAhippocampal cortex
Most common reason for retrograde amnesia
STROKE
Closed head injury induces what
profound retrograde amnesia which shrinks in time as they recover. Loss of memory is eventually only for accident. Soccer
DEMENTIA
both anteriogradea and retrograde amnesia
AIDS and Alzheimers are associated with
DEMENTIA
Korsakoff's
Low thiamin (B1) with alcoholism (poor diet)- global amnesia (both)
Korsakoff's structure
medial basal thalamus
Mamillary body
Jet lag shrinks hippocampus
deduce: conversion from short to long term reduced.