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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cerebellum
cerebell
cerebrum
cerebr
brain
encephal
medulla oblongata
medull
spinal cord
myel
nerve
neur
cerebellar
pert to the cerebellum
cerebral
pert to the cerebrum
encephalitis
inflam of the brain
medullary
pert to the inner, or soft, part of an organ.
myelography
process of recording the spinal cord after contrast material is injected
neuropathy
disease of the nervous tissue
alzheimers
brain disorder marked by deterioration of mental capacity
cerebrovascular accident (stroke)
damage to the blood vessels of the cerebrum, leading to loss of blood supply to brain tissue
concussion
brief loss of consciousness as a result of injury to the brain
epilepsy
chronic brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizure activity
glioblastoma
marlignant brain tumor arising from neuroglial cells
hemiplegia
paralysis that affects the right or left half of the body
meningitis
inflam of the meninges
multiple sclerosis
destruction of the myelin sheath on nerve cells in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), with replacement by plaques of sclerotic (hard) tissue
paraplegia
paralysis that affects the lower portion of the body
syncope
fainting; sudden and temporary loss of consciousness as a result of inadequate flow of blood to the brain
CSF analysis
chemical tests, cell counts, cultures, and bacterial smears on samples of CSF to detect diseases of the brain or meninges. A lumbar puncture is used to remove CSF for analysis
cerebral angiography
procedure in which x-ray films are taken of the blood vessels in the brain after the injection of contrast material into an artery
computed tomography (ct-scan)
cross-sectional x-ray images of the brain and spinal cord (with or without contrast)
electroencephalography EEG
the recording of th electrical activity within the brain
lumbar puncture
procedure in which the pressure of CSF is measured and contrast may be ijected for imaging (myelography) after removal of CSF from a space between the lumbar vertebrae
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
procedure in which magnetic waves and radiofrequency waves are used to create an image of the brain and spinal cord
myelography
x-ray imaging of the spinal cord after the injection of contrast
positron emission tomography (PET scan)
procedure in which the uptake of radioactive material in the brain shows how the brain uses glucose and gives information about brain function
stereotactic radiosurgery
placement of the skull of a stereotactic instrument that locates a target (such as a tumor) in the brain, then a high energy radiation beam (gamma knife) is delivered to that precise target to destroy the tissue
transcutanious electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
a battery-powered device delivers stimulation to nerves to relieve acute and chronic pain