Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/18

Click to flip

18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
another name for mvmt disorders?
BG/extrapyramidal D/O
movement D/O excludes:
1.UMN/s.c. D/O
2.LMN/Periph Nerve D/O
3.Disorders of complex mvmts: Apraxia (inab to perform learned tasks)
4.Musc D/O: weakness
are cerebellar D/O considered mvmt D/O?
yes
other names for akinetic D/O
bradykinesia, hypokinesia
Hyperkinetic D/O
-AKA dyskinesia
*typically involuntary
*some voluntary:
-restless leg/limb
-akathisia (restlessness requiring mvmt d/t neuroleptics=antipsychotic drugs)
how Dx idiopathic Park Dz
(1)Bradykinesia
(2)Tremor, rest
(3)Rigidity ("cogwheel rigidity)
(4)Postural Reflex MvMt
-you must have two of the four
-one of them must be (1) or (2)
EXAM-do you have to have rest remor to be Dx with Park?
no
Parkinsonian syndromes
1.Idiopathic Park
2.Symptomatic Park (drug-induced)
3.Akinetic-Rigid syndromes
-Progressive supranuclear Palsy
-Multiple System atrophy
EXAM-how desc tremor?
*rhythmic, oscillatory, to-and-fro mvmt
*around an axis
Types of Tremor
A.Predominate at rest
1.Park
2.Akinetic rigid syndromes (when you're not moving, you're rigid)
3.Wilson's
4.D/O of red nucleus(rubral)

B.Predominate w/posture or action
1.Essential tremor
2.Exaggerated physiologic tremor

C.Predomiante at end-point AKA "Intention Tremor"
-D/O of cerebellum or its outflow tract
surgical Tx for tremors
thalamic DBS (Deep Brain stimulation)
how desc chorea/ballism
*irregular, non-rhythmic
*unpredictable
*amplitude & severity vary
what Dz assoc with chorea/ballism
1.Huntington's
2.Tardive dyskinesia (d/t anti-dopaminergic Rx)
3.Hyperthyroidism
how desc dystonia/athetosis
1.sustained musc contractions
2.twisting and repetitive abnl postures
3.tremorous or myoclonic component

-idiopathic/inherited, symptomatic forms
what are the hyperkineteic mvmt disorders
1.Tremor
2.Chorea/Ballism
3.Dystonia/Athetosis
4.Tic
5.Myoclonus
how desc tics
1.Abrupt & transient
2.Stereotypical
3.Simple or complex
4.Motor and vocal
5.Repeated at regular intervals
Tourette's is an example of what?
tics
how desc myoclonus
(e.g. hiccup, jerk suddenly while falling asleep)
1.sudden, brief, shock-like
2.usu non-rhythmic
3.focal, segmental, generalted
4.symm or assymmetrical