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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a complex routing protocol used on border and exterior routers. Is used on internet backbones
Border Gateway Protocol (BGP
the firmware attached to a computers motherboard that controls the computers communication with its devices among other things.
Basic input/output system (BIOS
a router capable of providing layer 2 bridging functions
a type of microchip that requires very little energy to operate. Stores settings pertaining to the computers devices
Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS)-
a switching mode in which a switch reads a frames header and decides where to forward the data before it receives the entire packed. It is faster but les accurate than the other switching method, store and forward mode.
cut through mode
a routing protocol developed in the mid 1980s by cisco systems that has a fast convergence time and a low network overhead, but is easier to configure and less CPU intensive than ospf, eigrp also offers the benefitsof supporting multiple protocols and limiting unnecessary network traffic between routers
Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP)-
a peripheral bus standard developed by apple computer and codified by the IEEE as the IEEE 1394 standard.
a combination of hardware and software.
a message sent to the computer that instructs it to stop what it is doing and pay attention to something else.
Interrupt Request (IRQ)-
a small, removable piece of plastic that contains a metal receptacle that fits over a pair of pins on a circuit board to complete a circuit between those two pins.
a connector used for trouble shooting that plugs into a port and crosses over the transmit line to the receive line, allowing outgoing signals to be redirected back into the computer for testing.
loopback plug
a device on a token ring network that regenerates signals. Equivelant to a hub
Multistation Access Unit (MAU
a routing protocol that makes up for some of the limitations of the RIP and can coexist with RIP on a network
Open Shortest Path first (OSPF
a 32 or 64 bit bus that can run at 33 or 66MHz, introduced in its original form in the 1990s.
Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI)-
a group of computer manufactures who developed an interface for connecting any type of device to a portable computer.
Personal Computer Memory Card International Association (PCMCIA)-
the oldest routing protocol that is still widely used, does not work in very large network environments in which data may have to travel through more than 15 routers to reach their destination
Routing Information Protocol (RIP
a router designed to used in home office networks
Small office – Home office (SOHO
a method of switching in which a switch reads the entire data frame into its memory and checks it for accuracy before transmitting it.
Store and Forward Mode
a standard external bus that can be used to connect multiple types of peripherals, including modes, mice, and NIC’s
Universal Serial Bus (USB
a network within a network that is logically defined by grouping its devices’ switch ports in the same broadcast domain.
Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN