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62 Cards in this Set

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DLL
Dynamic Link Library
TCP
Transmission Control Protocol
Runs at the Session and Transport layer along with
UDP and ICMP
MTU
Maximum Transmission Unit
Maximum frame data limitation
Defaults to 1500 bytes
IP
Internet Protocol
Operates at the Network layer
NetBIOS
Network Basic Input/Output System
Session Layer
NetBEUI
NetBIOS Extended User Interface
Transport Layer
DNS
Domain Name Service
Name resolution for IP addresses
SMB
Server Message Blocks
NetBIOS processes specified by a special character code in the 16th byte of a NetBIOS name
IPX/SPX
Internetwork Packet Exchange/Sequence Packet Exchange
Novell Netware Protocol
SPX = Transport
IPX = Network
NCP
NetWare Core Protocol
Presentation/Application layer
In the IPX/SPX protocol suite
SAP
Server Advertising Protocol
Session layer
In the IPX/SPX protocol suite
well-known ports
Ports 0 - 1204
entire port range
Port 0 - 65,535
NetBT
NetBIOS over TCP/IP
WINS
Windows Internet Naming Service
NBP
Name Binding Protocol
Used in AppleTalk to bind computer names to their AppleTalk address
DLC
Data Link Control
An old rarely-used protocol for printer sharing and other odd jobs
octet
Each 8-bit value from 0-255 in an IP address
ARP
Address Resolution Protocol
Broadcasts IP adress to ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff (all ones) and waits for a response back from owner
RARP
Reverse Address Resolution Protocol
ANDing
When system compares its Network ID with another one using a subnet mask
Class A licenses
1.0.0.0-126.0.0.0
Class B licenses
128.0.0.0 - 191.255.0.0
Class C licenses
192.0.0.0 - 223.255.255.0
Class D licenses
224.0.0.0 - 239.255.255.255
Class E licenses
240.0.0.0 - 255.255.255.254
Interface
The name given to a NIC in a router
Classful subnet
The subnet mask stops at one of the periods
/8 /16 and /24
Classless subnet
The subnet mask stops somewhere between the periods
Loopback IP
127.0.0.1
Private Class A
10.0.0.0 - 10.255.255.255
Private Class B
172.16.0.0 - 172.31.255.255
Private Class C
192.168.0.0 - 192.168.255.255
FQDN
Fully Qualified Domain Names
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
BOOTP
An autoconfiguration protocal like DHCP used for diskless workstations to receive an OS over the network.
HTTP
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
TCP Port 80
UDP
User Datagram Protocol
Connectionless TCP-level protocol for background maintenance tasks
ICMP
Internet Control Message Protocol
TCP-level protocol mostly for diagnostics
Single-packet connectionless
Ping uses ICMP
IGMP
Internet Group Management Protocol
Used for video conferencing among others
Broadcasts a series of packets to specific systems
Port 80
HTTP
Port 20
FTP
For sending data over FTP
Port 21
FTP
For control messages over FTP
Port 22
SFTP (Secure FTP)
Port 25
SMTP
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
Port 69
TFTP
Trivial File Transfer Protocol
Used by BOOTP
Port 110
POP3
Post Office Protocol Ver. 3
Port 119
NNTP
Network News Transfer Protocol
For connecting to newsgroup servers
Port 123
NTP
Network Time Protocol
Connectionless UDP
Port 137
NetBIOS-NS
Name Service for MS networking
Port 138
NetBIOS-DG
Datagram Service
For transporting data by Microsoft Networking
Port 139
NetBIOS-SS
Session Service for Microsoft Networking
Port 161
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol
To monitor network devices remotely
Port 389
LDAP
Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
To communicate with network directories/databases
Port 443
HTTPS
HyperText Transfer Protocol with Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) encryption
SSL
Secure Sockets Layer
Port 23
TELNET
For remote login and control
Mostly used in the *NIX world
IETF
Internet Engineering Task Force
Designers of the new IPv6 standard
IPv6
Internet Protocol Ver. 6
Also called IPng (IP Next Generation)
Uses 128-bit addressing instead of 32-bit used in IPv4
0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 or ::1
Reserved as a loopback address in IPv6
0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0 or ::
Reserved as an unspecified address in IPv6
1080:0:0:0:8:800:200C:417A or 1080::8:800:200C:417A
Rserved as a unicast address in IPv6