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69 Cards in this Set

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Family: Ranunculaceae
Aconitum napellus (Aconite, Monkshood, Wolfsbane)
Part Used: Root
Aconitum napellus (Aconite, Monkshood, Wolfsbane)
Active Constituents:
Alkaloids
Aconitum napellus (Aconite, Monkshood, Wolfsbane)
aste/Energy: very hot, spicy, sweet (+ Pitta)
Aconitum napellus (Aconite, Monkshood, Wolfsbane)
Medicinal Actions:
Anodyne, febrifuge, depressant (sensory and motor)
Aconitum napellus (Aconite, Monkshood, Wolfsbane)
It is a deadly poison as well as a powerful medicine. On account of its poisonous nature it is commonly used homeopathically. Be warned that all parts of this plant contain the alkaloid although it is concentrated in the roots. This inhibits the transmission of nerve impulses by impairing the flux of ions across the nerve membrane. This reduces nerve impulse transmission and the transmission of pain signals.
Aconitum napellus (Aconite, Monkshood, Wolfsbane)
· It is considered a premier remedy for acute pain, especially acute neuralgic pain. It decreases CNS and peripheral nervous response. It is a powerful depressant to the heart and too high a dose will paralyze this organ. Sudden onset
Aconitum napellus (Aconite, Monkshood, Wolfsbane)
· The most common applications for it include facial neuralgia, headaches, arthritic pain, gout, otitis media, pleurisy and sciatica. Consider adding it to a formula to treat acute pain anywhere in the body. Post herpetic neuralgia, h/a
Aconitum napellus (Aconite, Monkshood, Wolfsbane)
It is highly toxic. It works topically and internally in small doses. Since absorption into circulatory system occurs through skin and mucous membranes, you must limit the amount of it added to any formula. It has been utilized historically in ointments for topical use for rheumatism and neuralgia.
Aconitum napellus (Aconite, Monkshood, Wolfsbane)
· It is indicated for treatment of fever of sudden onset, especially if there is chill with the fever.
Aconitum napellus (Aconite, Monkshood, Wolfsbane)
· Homeopathically, it is characterized by a state of fear, anxiety and anguish of the mind and body. There is great physical and mental restlessness. This state can be brought on by exposure to dry cold weather. It is used when the presentation of the patient matches this and with sudden onset of high fever (remember that there are many remedies to treat sudden onset of fever and we always match the individual to the remedy).
Aconitum napellus (Aconite, Monkshood, Wolfsbane)
· In TCM it is considered one of the hottest herbs and is used only with coldness or cold conditions . It warms the inside of the body and dispels cold. It is a powerful internal stimulant and warms the inside of the body and raises the metabolism in cold conditions. TCM uses this herb for coldness, pain, frequent urination, lower back pain, general debility, lowered metabolism, neuralgia, arthritis, sciatica, nervous disorders.
Aconitum napellus (Aconite, Monkshood, Wolfsbane)
· The specific indications that will lead you to use this are: skin is dry and hot, (indication for diaphoretic) secretions are suddenly suppressed, temperature is rising but the patient is chilly and may be shivering, initial stages of acute inflammation of any organ and especially exanthemous diseases as it will bring the eruption to the surface.
Aconitum napellus (Aconite, Monkshood, Wolfsbane)
Toxicity: First signs of a toxic reaction are tingling, burning and numbness in the mouth, tongue and stomach which can then spread to the limbs. Poisonous doses result in profound sedation and death is possible from respiratory and cardiac paralysis four to five hours after a toxic overdose. (know early toxicity signs-it is a depressant) Other symptoms of toxicity include: nausea, vomiting, dizziness, restlessness, intense headache, pinpoint pupils, blurring of vision; slow, weak pulse and hypotension; irregular heartbeat and respiration; chest pain, ventricular fibrillation within 1 – 6 hours; cold and clammy skin, sweating and hypothermia, weakness, pale face, anxiety, seizures and death from respiratory failure.
Aconitum napellus (Aconite, Monkshood, Wolfsbane)
Tincture (1:10): Adult dose 1 – 10 drops daily in 4 oz. Water, 1 tsp. of mixture every .5 – 2 hrs. (1/30th drop dose). (mother tincture 1:10) 4 gtt max
For infant use 1 drop (1:10) in 4 oz water, 1 tsp every .5-2 hrs.
Maximum drop dose is one drop
Add 1 drop to an eardrop formula (1oz of total tincture) to relieve pain of Otitis.
For treatment of croup, add one drop of tincture to 16 oz. Water, give 1 tsp. every 15 – 30 minutes.
Aconitum napellus (Aconite, Monkshood, Wolfsbane)
Family: Loganiaceae
Gelsemium Sempervirens (Yellow Jasmine, Yellow Jessamine, Wild Woodbine)
Part Used: Root
Gelsemium Sempervirens (Yellow Jasmine, Yellow Jessamine, Wild Woodbine)
Active Constituents:
Alkaloids
Gelsemium Sempervirens (Yellow Jasmine, Yellow Jessamine, Wild Woodbine)
Medicinal Actions:
Anodyne, anti-spasmodic, anxiolytic, hypotensive, sedative, febrifuge
Gelsemium Sempervirens (Yellow Jasmine, Yellow Jessamine, Wild Woodbine)
· The alkaloids in Gelsemium have their action mainly in the CNS, localized to the medulla and spinal ganglia. This plant has an overall depressant effect on the CNS and slows function, by inhibiting innervation, and activity, of the nervous system. Small doses will relax the musculature and decrease nervous tension in the body. Larger doses cause the jaw to drop and the eyelids to droop. (This is the picture of the homeopathic indication) Continued dosing will cause loss of muscular power, confusion, vertigo and blurred vision. Depresses CNS fxn, don’t mix CNS depressant botanicals w/rx CNS depressants.
Gelsemium Sempervirens (Yellow Jasmine, Yellow Jessamine, Wild Woodbine)
· As an anodyne and anti-spasmodic, it is used to treat acute inflammatory conditions, especially those involving neuralgia or a spasmodic pain like colic.
Good anodyne for nerve irritation & spastic pain.
Gelsemium Sempervirens (Yellow Jasmine, Yellow Jessamine, Wild Woodbine)
Pharmacy:
Tincture (1:10): 5 drops/d, titrate up to 15 drops/d
weekly max dose 5 ml/wk
Gelsemium Sempervirens (Yellow Jasmine, Yellow Jessamine, Wild Woodbine)
· It is commonly used to treat headaches, both musculoskeletal and migraine in origin. Stress induced h/a.
Gelsemium Sempervirens (Yellow Jasmine, Yellow Jessamine, Wild Woodbine)
· Gelsemium is used to treat gastrointestinal, gall bladder and urinary colic. It will decrease spasm experienced during stone passage or UTI. Relaxes all sphincters.
Gelsemium Sempervirens (Yellow Jasmine, Yellow Jessamine, Wild Woodbine)
· Gelsemium has been used when nervous stress and tension cause rigidity in the cervical os. Gelsemium relaxes all sphincters and will relax the os so that a pap sample can be taken. For this purpose give 1- 5 drops in water and wait a few minutes. Dr. Bastyr gave 30 drops of Gelsemium tincture for women in labor in whom the cervical os would not dilate.
Gelsemium Sempervirens (Yellow Jasmine, Yellow Jessamine, Wild Woodbine)
· Gelsemium is also used in the female reproductive tract to treat spastic and painful conditions such as: dysmenorrhea, Mittetschmerz, and painful ovarian cysts.
Gelsemium Sempervirens (Yellow Jasmine, Yellow Jessamine, Wild Woodbine)
· It may be of use in the treatment of hypertension, especially when anxiety or stress is a contributing factor. Dr. Mitchell recommends giving 5 drops BID as a maintenance dose or 30 drops for severe hypertension. Give at clinic at that time if hypertensive.
Gelsemium Sempervirens (Yellow Jasmine, Yellow Jessamine, Wild Woodbine)
Interactions: Do not use in combination with other CNS depressants.
Gelsemium Sempervirens (Yellow Jasmine, Yellow Jessamine, Wild Woodbine)
Contraindications: Persons with poor circulation and weakened heart function.
Gelsemium Sempervirens (Yellow Jasmine, Yellow Jessamine, Wild Woodbine)
Toxicity: The presentation of toxic doses of Gelsemium include ptosis, diplopia, mydriasis, loss of control of the lower jaw, muscular prostration, lowered temperature, lowered blood pressure, shallow and labored respiration, sweating, intense abdominal cramping, paralysis, death from respiratory and cardiac failure. Gelsemium has a short half-life of about three hours.
Gelsemium Sempervirens (Yellow Jasmine, Yellow Jessamine, Wild Woodbine)
Family: Solanaceae
Atropa Belladonna (Deadly Nightshade, Dwale)
Part Used: leaves, root
Atropa Belladonna (Deadly Nightshade, Dwale)
Active Constituents:
Alkaloids ( hyoscine, hyoscyamine), flavonoids (kaempferol, quercitin, scopoletin, scopolin), pyrrolidines, pyridines
Atropa Belladonna (Deadly Nightshade, Dwale)
Medicinal Actions:
Anodyne, anti-nausea, anti-spasmodic, hallucinogenic, mydriatic
Atropa Belladonna (Deadly Nightshade, Dwale)
It is primarily used in the treatment of pain and spasm. It is especially indicated for spasm in the GI tract (spastic constipation, cholelithiasis, colic).
Atropa Belladonna (Deadly Nightshade, Dwale)
Conditions: Spasm of involuntary muscle, intestinal spasms: ulcers, gastritis, colitis, colic, acute cystitis, spasms of anus, uterus.
Atropa Belladonna (Deadly Nightshade, Dwale)
Its action is primarily through the CNS by blocking the muscarinic cholinergic receptors. This will cause an initial stimulation of the system, followed by depression or relaxation.
Atropa Belladonna (Deadly Nightshade, Dwale)
· Because it also suppresses digestive secretions it is used in cases of hyperacidity such as PUD. Weiss states that it will take 3 to 4 weeks to see an effect when treating PUD or colitis.
Atropa Belladonna (Deadly Nightshade, Dwale)
· Headaches that are dull, throbbing and congestive in nature respond well to this.
Atropa Belladonna (Deadly Nightshade, Dwale)
· Symptom picture: dull, expressionless face, dilated pupils, red face and extremities, sluggish circulation, slow, labored breathing, cold extremities, circulatory congestion. Very intense picture.
Atropa Belladonna (Deadly Nightshade, Dwale)
· It is also used to treat urinary incontinence as it will cause increased urinary retention. For this reason, it can exacerbate BPH and should not be used if your patient has this condition.
Atropa Belladonna (Deadly Nightshade, Dwale)
Toxicity: The earliest signs of toxicity are dilated pupils and dry mouth. Other toxicity sns/sxs include: flushing, skin hot and dry, increased respiratory rate, increased temp in children, incoherent speech, disorientation, urinary urgency, eye pain, blurred vision, sensitivity to light, great thirst, N/V, diarrhea, delirium, restlessness and confusion. In later stages there is depression of cerebral and neural activity, stupor, circulatory collapse, coma and death from respiratory paralysis.
Atropa Belladonna (Deadly Nightshade, Dwale)
Pharmacy: dose incrementally
Tincture (1:10): 1 – 15 drops per day
Extract USP (0.2 mg atropine): 15 mg daily dose
Fluid Extract (1:1, fresh plant): 1/5th to 1 drop in water
Weiss states that in order to determine dosage the patient should take enough to induce slight dryness of the mouth, then decrease by a drop.
Atropa Belladonna (Deadly Nightshade, Dwale)
Contraindications:
Glaucoma, BPH, intestinal atony, intestinal obstruction, paralytic ileus, tachycardia and arrhythmia
Atropa Belladonna (Deadly Nightshade, Dwale)
In general, it reduces spasm and reduces secretions.
Atropa Belladonna (Deadly Nightshade, Dwale)
Family: Solanaceae
Datura stramonium (Jimson Weed, Devil’s Apple, Stinkweed, Angel’s Trumpet)
Parts Used: leaves, flowering tops, seeds
Datura stramonium (Jimson Weed, Devil’s Apple, Stinkweed, Angel’s Trumpet)
Active Constituents:
Alkaloids
Datura stramonium (Jimson Weed, Devil’s Apple, Stinkweed, Angel’s Trumpet)
Medicinal Actions:
Hallucinogenic, anti-spasmodic, anodyne
Datura stramonium (Jimson Weed, Devil’s Apple, Stinkweed, Angel’s Trumpet)
It blocks the muscarinic cholinergic receptors which cause initial stimulation of the CNS followed by depression of CNS. It is less effective as an anodyne, but still useful to treat neuralgic conditions and spastic conditions.
Datura stramonium (Jimson Weed, Devil’s Apple, Stinkweed, Angel’s Trumpet)
It can be used for any condition but it has a specific affinity for the respiratory tract. It is known specifically as a treatment for asthma where it was usually smoked or used in a closed teepee with herb tossed on the fire. Smoking may not be the best method of asthma treatment. It was occasionally ingested as a treatment.
Datura stramonium (Jimson Weed, Devil’s Apple, Stinkweed, Angel’s Trumpet)
Contraindications: Glaucoma, BPH, intestinal atony, intestinal obstruction, paralytic ileus, tachycardia and arrhythmia
Datura stramonium (Jimson Weed, Devil’s Apple, Stinkweed, Angel’s Trumpet)
Toxicity: Acute-nausea, thirst, mydriasis, vomiting, impaired vision, dry skin and mucous membranes, loss of balance, dizziness, incoherence, hallucinations, loss of consciousness, weak and rapid pulse, inability to urinate, seizures, delirium with laughter, loquacity and violence, leading to circulatory collapse and death.
Datura stramonium (Jimson Weed, Devil’s Apple, Stinkweed, Angel’s Trumpet)
Chronic-The alkaloids cause damage to heart when taken long term. The parasympathetic system builds a tolerance to them, causing need for higher dosing, but the heart does not build a tolerance which will result in permanent damage.
Datura stramonium (Jimson Weed, Devil’s Apple, Stinkweed, Angel’s Trumpet)
Pharmacy: Tincture (1:10): 1-15 drops QD
Smoking: less than 2 gm per week
Datura stramonium (Jimson Weed, Devil’s Apple, Stinkweed, Angel’s Trumpet)
The anticholinergic effects on the GI tract include decreased release of fluids such as saliva and digestive enzymes.
Datura stramonium (Jimson Weed, Devil’s Apple, Stinkweed, Angel’s Trumpet)
· Historically, it has been an herbs used to create out of body experiences for religious purposes. It was part of the flying ointment used by witches that was applied to the body externally and intra-vaginally using wooden handles. This is where the legend of witches flying on broomsticks came into being. The ointment was black in color and created the association with blackened skin or clothing. It is considered a shamanistic herb in many cultures today.
Datura stramonium (Jimson Weed, Devil’s Apple, Stinkweed, Angel’s Trumpet)
Family: Solanaceae
Hyoscyamus niger (Henbane)
Part Used: Leaves and flowering tops
Hyoscyamus niger (Henbane)
Active Constituents: alkaloids
Hyoscyamus niger (Henbane)
Medicinal Actions:
Anodyne, anti-spasmodic, sedative
Hyoscyamus niger (Henbane)
It exhibits anti-cholinergic activity, but is weaker in action. It is much less stimulating to the CNS and weaker in exerting the anticholinergic effects. It is used as an anti-spasmodic especially to the urinary system.
Hyoscyamus niger (Henbane)
It also is used to reduce the nausea accompanying motion sickness or as a prophylactic to prevent motion sickness. Scopalamine is the constituent responsible for this action. Menierre’s dz
Hyoscyamus niger (Henbane)
· In the urinary system, it is used to reduce cramping and pain that may accompany a urinary tract infection, urolithiasis and interstitial cystitis.
Hyoscyamus niger (Henbane)
· It may help induce sleep during acute phase of mania. There is some historical data about using it to reduce mania in bipolar disorders.
Hyoscyamus niger (Henbane)
· In small repeated doses this has been found to have a tranquillizing effect for patients affected by severe nervous irritability, producing a tendency to sleep
Hyoscyamus niger (Henbane)
Contraindications: Glaucoma, BPH, intestinal atony, intestinal obstruction, paralytic ileus, tachycardia and arrhythmia
Hyoscyamus niger (Henbane)
Toxicity: rapid heart rate, salivation, dilated pupils, headache, hallucination, dizziness.
Hyoscyamus niger (Henbane)
Pharmacy: Tincture (1:10): 30 gtts TID, to a maximum of 15 ml per week
Hyoscyamus niger (Henbane)