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28 Cards in this Set

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What is the respiratory compensation for metabolic alkalosis?
E: .75
A: 0.75 mmHg for every mEq of excess HCO3.
What is Winter's forumula for respiratory compensation for metabolic acidosis?
E: 1.5*HCO3 + 8
A: 1.5.*8
PaCO2 will decrease by __ if HCO3 decreases by 1 in metabolic acidosis.
E: For every mEq decrease in HCO3, PaCO2 will go down by 1.25
A: 1.25
In acute respiratory alkalosis, HCO3 will decrease by __ for every mmHg decrease in PaCO2
E: 0.2 mEq
A: 0.2
In chronic respiratory alkalosis, HCO3 will decrease by __ for every mmHg decrease in PaCO2
E: 4 mEq for every 10 mmHg.
A: 0.4
In acute respiratory acidosis, HCO3 will increase by _ for every mmHg decrease in PaCO2.
E: 1 mEq of HCO3 for every 10 mmHg decrease in PaCO2
A: .1
In acute respiratory acidosis, HCO3 will increase by _ for every mmHg decrease in PaCO2.
E: 4 mEq of HCO3 for every 10 mmHg decrease in PaCO2
A: .4
pH is 7.56, PaCO2 is 30, PaO2 is 80, HCO3 is 30. Analyze.
Respiratory alkalosis plus a mixed metabolic acidosis and alkalosis
pH is 7.37, PaCO2: 60, PaO2:55, HCO3: 33. Analyze.
Compensated respiratory acidosis with additional metabolic alkalosis.
Ph:7.43, PaCO2:46, PaO2:60, HCO3:36. Analyze
Compensated metabolic alkalosis.
pH:7.40, PaCO2:60, PaO2:60, HCO3:36. Analyze.
Compensated erspirtory acidosis with an aditional metabolic alkalosis.
pH: 7.38, PaCO2: 35, PaO2: 70, HCO3: 28. Analyze
Compensated metabolic acidosis with an additional metablic alkalosis
The anion gap is normal in all types of RTA. T/F?
E: True
A: True
Bicarbonate wasting is a feature of which type of RTA?
E: Type 2 RTA
A: (2)|(II)
There is a defect in H+ secretion in this RTA.
E: Type 1 RTA
A: (1)|(I)
There is a defect in the Na+/H+/K+ exchange mechanism in this RTA.
E: Type 4 RTA
A: 4
This RTA is the proximal RTA.
E: Type 2 RTA
A: 2
This RTA mimics the effect of acetazolamide.
E: Type 2 RTA
A: 2
This RTA mimics the effect of furosemide.
E: Type 4 RTA
A: 4
This RTA is treated with furosemide.
E: Type 4 RTA
A: 4
Heavy metal poisoning causes this type of RTA.
E: Type 2 RTA
A: 2
Diabetic nephropathy is associated with this type of RTA.
E: Type 4 RTA
A: 4
Hypercalciuria is associated with this type of RTA.
E: Type 1 RTA
A: 1
Multiple myeloma can cause this type of RTA.
E: Type 2 RTA
A: 2
Renal stones are associated with this type of RTA.
E: Type 1 RTA
A: 1
Hypokalemia is always associated with this type of RTA.
E: Type 1 RTA
A: 1
Hyperkalemia is associated with this type of RTA.
E: Type 4 RTA
A: 4
This type of RTA is associated with low to normal K.
E: Type 1 RTA
A: 1