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### 28 Cards in this Set

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 What is the respiratory compensation for metabolic alkalosis? E: .75 A: 0.75 mmHg for every mEq of excess HCO3. What is Winter's forumula for respiratory compensation for metabolic acidosis? E: 1.5*HCO3 + 8 A: 1.5.*8 PaCO2 will decrease by __ if HCO3 decreases by 1 in metabolic acidosis. E: For every mEq decrease in HCO3, PaCO2 will go down by 1.25 A: 1.25 In acute respiratory alkalosis, HCO3 will decrease by __ for every mmHg decrease in PaCO2 E: 0.2 mEq A: 0.2 In chronic respiratory alkalosis, HCO3 will decrease by __ for every mmHg decrease in PaCO2 E: 4 mEq for every 10 mmHg. A: 0.4 In acute respiratory acidosis, HCO3 will increase by _ for every mmHg decrease in PaCO2. E: 1 mEq of HCO3 for every 10 mmHg decrease in PaCO2 A: .1 In acute respiratory acidosis, HCO3 will increase by _ for every mmHg decrease in PaCO2. E: 4 mEq of HCO3 for every 10 mmHg decrease in PaCO2 A: .4 pH is 7.56, PaCO2 is 30, PaO2 is 80, HCO3 is 30. Analyze. Respiratory alkalosis plus a mixed metabolic acidosis and alkalosis pH is 7.37, PaCO2: 60, PaO2:55, HCO3: 33. Analyze. Compensated respiratory acidosis with additional metabolic alkalosis. Ph:7.43, PaCO2:46, PaO2:60, HCO3:36. Analyze Compensated metabolic alkalosis. pH:7.40, PaCO2:60, PaO2:60, HCO3:36. Analyze. Compensated erspirtory acidosis with an aditional metabolic alkalosis. pH: 7.38, PaCO2: 35, PaO2: 70, HCO3: 28. Analyze Compensated metabolic acidosis with an additional metablic alkalosis The anion gap is normal in all types of RTA. T/F? E: True A: True Bicarbonate wasting is a feature of which type of RTA? E: Type 2 RTA A: (2)|(II) There is a defect in H+ secretion in this RTA. E: Type 1 RTA A: (1)|(I) There is a defect in the Na+/H+/K+ exchange mechanism in this RTA. E: Type 4 RTA A: 4 This RTA is the proximal RTA. E: Type 2 RTA A: 2 This RTA mimics the effect of acetazolamide. E: Type 2 RTA A: 2 This RTA mimics the effect of furosemide. E: Type 4 RTA A: 4 This RTA is treated with furosemide. E: Type 4 RTA A: 4 Heavy metal poisoning causes this type of RTA. E: Type 2 RTA A: 2 Diabetic nephropathy is associated with this type of RTA. E: Type 4 RTA A: 4 Hypercalciuria is associated with this type of RTA. E: Type 1 RTA A: 1 Multiple myeloma can cause this type of RTA. E: Type 2 RTA A: 2 Renal stones are associated with this type of RTA. E: Type 1 RTA A: 1 Hypokalemia is always associated with this type of RTA. E: Type 1 RTA A: 1 Hyperkalemia is associated with this type of RTA. E: Type 4 RTA A: 4 This type of RTA is associated with low to normal K. E: Type 1 RTA A: 1