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11 Cards in this Set

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Causes of metabolic alkalosis
Vomiting
NG Tumbe suction
Excessive steroid use(causes low chloride and low potassium)
Signs and symptoms of metabolic alkalosis
Neurologic
Parasthesias
What is the treatment for matabolic alkalosis
Normal saline for vomiting induced
Replacement of K+
Causes of Metabolic Acidosis
Due to increase in H+

Starvation
DKA

Can also be caused by loss of HCO3:
Diarrhea
Pancreatic or biliary drainage
Lactic acidosis
Antifreeze ingestion
Salicylate intox
Renal insufficiency
What are the symptoms of Met Acidosis
Hyperventilation(early)
Arrhythmias
Lethargy
Coma
How do you treat Met Acidosis due to DKA?
Insulin therapy and volume repletion
Causes of Respiratory Acidosis?
COPD
Hypoventilation
Myesthenia Gravis
Brainstem injury
Signs/Symptoms of Respiratory acidosis
Headache
Drowsiness
These are causes of what acid-base imbalance:

Hyperventilation (anxiety is most common)
Salicylate intoxication
Hypoxia
Gram-negative septicemia
Liver insufficiency
pregnancy
Respiratory Alkalosis
What are the symptomes of respiratory alkalosis?
Tingling mouth, hands and feet
Giddiness
Light-headedness
Tx of resp alkalosis
Breath into paper bag