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14 Cards in this Set

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What conditions can give you Respiratory acidosis?
COPD
Hypoventilation
Meysthenia Gravis
Metabolic acidosis involves a loss of?
HCO3
Met Alkalosis involves and increase of?
HCO3
How does respiratory Alkalosis affect CO2?
decreased PCO2
What are the some causes of Resp Alkalosis
Hyperventilation (anxiety)
Salicylate intoxication
Hypoxia
Gram - septicemia
Pregnancy
S/Sx of Resp Alkalosis (hypervent)
Parasthesias of the hands and mouth

Tx: breathing into paper bab
What are some causes of Metabolic Acidosis?
Lactic acidosis
DKA
Starvation ketosis
Antifreeze ingestion
Salicylate intoxication
Renal insuficiency
Adrenal insuficiency
what is the normal anion gap?
8-12
What are the causes of Metabolic Alkalosis?
Vomiting
NGT suction
Excessive steroid use(causes < in chloride and K)
Cause of HCO3 loss
Cause of H+ loss
HCO3-: Diarrhea
H+: Vomiting
Causes of a low anion gap
Paraproteinemia(multiple myeloma)
Spurious hyperchloremia
<Na, >Mg, <Albumin
What is used to alleviate burning pain assoc. with UTI
Pyridium 100mg BID x 2 days

It causes orange urine
Under what conditions would you admit a pt with Pyelonephritis?
If:

Pregnant
DM
Nausea/vomiting
H/O Kidney disease
rapid correction of low blood sodium levels can cause?
CPM- central pontine myelinolysis: neurologic disease caused by severe damage of the myelin sheath of nerve cells in the brainstem