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24 Cards in this Set

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Mousterian industry
disk-core technique that allowed tool makers to produce many good flakes with little effort and then turn those flakes into a wide variety of fine tools called
archaic humans
those fossil hominins in the genus Homo found in Africa and Eurasia between about 600,000 and 30,000 years ago that reflect morphologies relatively distinct from both Homo erectus and modern humans
True of False : Despite the more complex material culture of Neanderthals, the diet remained vegetarian.
False.
what are other ways that people refer to archaic humans?
as Homo heidelbergensis and Homo neanderthalensis by some
What characteristics identified modern humans?
Brain size, teeth, and chin
blade tools
tools made from stone flakes that are at least twice as long as they are wide
When and where were the earliest anatomically modern human fossils found?
Africa, 160,000 years ago
canine fossa
the indentation on the maxilla above the canine root
Anatomically modern human fossils are about 150,000 years old. When does the material culture associated with modern humanity commonly appear in the archeological record?
Approximately 50,000 years ago
Levallois technique
type of stone tool production that supplanted the Acheulean tool kit and provided a higher quality tool that could be refined for a wide variety of uses
What did modern humans use to carve wood, ivory, and bone in order to produce durable fishhooks and needles?
Blade tools
mandibular symphysis
the point where the two halves of the mandible contact one another
What is the first indication of a communication system that allowed humans to refer to objects and topics that were not immediately present?
Symbolic expression
Mousterian industry
stone tool technology centered on a disk-core technique that represented a refinement of the Levallois technique; it allowed tool makers to produce many good flakes and turn them into a wide variety of tools
Which model of human evolution proposes that modern humans are the result of a speciation event in the late Pleistocene in Africa?
Recent African Origin model
postorbital constriction
condition in which the width across the orbits is greater than the width of the area behind them (where the frontal, temporal, and parietal bones intersect)
Which of the following is NOT a difficulty associated with the debate over modern human origins?
Newer genetic information complicates previous interpretations.
retromolar gap
space behind the last molar tooth and the mandibular ramus
Which updated model explicitly states that the speciation event took place approximately 1.7 million years ago, not 100,000 and 200,000 years ago?
Multiregional Evolution model
Which are morphological changes exhibited by archaic Homo sapiens?
- Slightly thinner cranial bones
- Reduced postorbital constriction
- A less prognathic face
What is an assumption of the Multiple Dispersal model of human evolution?
There were three major dispersals of human populations from Africa in the last 1.7 million years.
What archaic form inhabited Africa and Europe 600,000 to 200,000 years ago and had robust, thick cranial walls?
Homo heidelbergensis
Which are characteristic of Homo neanderthalensis?
- Very large incisor teeth
- A retromolar gap
- Midface prognathism
What is the point where the two halves of the mandible contact one another?
Mandibular symphysis