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85 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is an NCO?
A Leader
What is a sergeants job?
To lead and train soldiers
The Chain of Command is reinforced by what channel of communication?
The NCO support channel
On what date was the NCO support channel formally recognized?
20 December, 1976
Give 2 examples when the Chain of Command may be jumped or even bypassed?
Valid IG complaints about the immediate chain of command, and when there is an EO problem within the immediate chain of command
Is the Sergeant Major in your chain of command?
No, he or she is in the NCO Support channel
Is the Company Commander part of your NCO Support Channel?
No. The C.O.is part of the Chain of Command.
Who is at the top of the NCO Support Channel?
Sergeant Major of the Army.
FM 1
The Army
FM 3-7, and the entire 3-11x series
NBC
FM 21-10
Field Sanitation
FM 21-20
Physical Fitness Training
FM 4-25.11
First Aid
FM 3-05.70
Survival
FM 3-25.26
Map Reading and Land Navigation
FM 3-21.5
Drill and Ceremony
FM 22-6
Guard Duty
FM 22-100
Army Leadership (Includes Counseling)
FM 3-22.9
Rifle Marksmanship
FM 3-22.68
Crew Served Machine Guns
FM 3-23.35
Combat Training with Pistols
AR 27-10
Military Justice
AR 381-12
SAEDA
AR 600-9
Weight Control
AR 600-85
Army Substance Abuse Program
AR 600-20
Equal opportunity
AR 600-8-19
Enlisted Promotions and Reductions
AR 670-1
Uniform Wear
AR 600-8-22
Awards and Decorations
AR 840-10
Flags
AR 600-43
Conscientious Objection
DA PAM 600-25
NCO Professional Development
What is 1st Aid?
It's the first care given to injured soldiers before medical personnel are available
What are the 4 life saving steps of 1st aid?
1. Clear the airway and restore breathing.
2. Stop the bleeding
3. Treat and dress the wounds to prevent infection.
4. Prevent shock
What are the 3 types of bleeding and how are they recognized?
*Arterial: Blood is bright red and spurts with the heartbeat
*Venous: Blood is dark red and flows in a steady stream
*Capillary: Blood oozes from the wound
How do you stop bleeding?
1. Apply a field dressing
2. Apply manual pressure.
3. Elevate the injured limb.
4. Apply a pressure dressing.
5. Apply a tourniquet.
Whose 1st aid dressing should be used on the casualty?
Use the casualty's bandage.
When should a tourniquet be used to stop bleeding?
As a last resort when everything else has failed to stop the bleeding, or when an arm or leg has been cut off.
What are the 4 types of burns?
Electrical - Thermal - Chemical - Laser
What is the single most common cause of air-way blockage?
The tongue
Where is a tourniquet applied?
Around the limb, between the injury and the heart, 2 to 4 inches above the wound. And, never place a tourniquet directly on a joint.
How tight should a tourniquet be?
Until the bright red bleeding has stopped
What must be done to indicate a casualty has a tourniquet?
Mark the casualty's forehead with a "T" and note the time of application.
When should you loosen or remove a tourniquet?
never
Define manual pressure?
Firm pressure on the dressing for 5 to 10 minutes.
What is HIV?
Human Immunovirus
What should be applied if bleeding continues after applying a field dressing?
Apply a pressure dressing after manual pressure, and elevation of the injury.
What are 2 types of artificial respiration?
The mouth-to-mouth method, and the back pressure-arm lift method.
Should a casualty be given water to drink?
Casualties should not eat or drink.
What are signs of shock?
*Cool, pale and damp skin (Clammy skin)
*Confusion
*Nausea or vomiting
*Restlessness or nervousness
*Loss of blood
*Thirst
*Fast Breathing
*Faining Spells
*Excessive perspiration
*Blotched or Bluish Skin - Especially around the lips or mouth
When should a casualty not be placed in the shock position?
When there is a head injury, abdominal wound or unsplinted fractured leg(s)
What is the treatment for shock?
Move to cover if possible. Lay the casualty on their back;elevate their legs;loosen clothing at the neck, waist, ankles and feet; prevent chilling or overheating; keep the casualty calm.
What is the measure for checking the tightness of bandages?
2 fingers should slip under the bandages
What items should never be used for a tourniquet?
Wire or string
What procedure is used to restore heartbeat?
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
When it become necessary to give CPR, what is the ratio of pumps to breaths for a one-man rescue and a two-man rescue?
One man - 15 pumps/2 breaths
Two man - 5 pumps/1 breath
When may resuscitation measures be stopped?
1. When a doctor tells you to stop.
2. When you are relieved by others.
3. When you can't physically continue
4. When the casualty starts breathing on their own
What is the correct method of artificial respiration used during an NBC attack, and why?
The back pressure-arm lift method because during an NBC attack both of you will be masked.
When is a casualty's clothing not removed in order to expose a wound?
When the clothing is stuck to the wound, or in an NBC environment.
What is unique about type "O" blood?
It can be used by anyone.
Why should wounds be treated as soon as possible?
To control the bleeding, and to protect the wound from contamination by germs.
What is heat injury?
General dehydration of the body brought on by loss of water and salt through activity in the heat.
What are the 3 categories of heat injuries?
Heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke
Describe the signs of heat cramps?
Muscle cramps of the legs, arms, or abdomen, excessive sweating
Describe the treatment for heat cramps?
Move the casualty into shade, loosen clothing and give cool water.
Name the signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion?
*Pale, moist and cool, clammy skin
*Headache
*Muscle Cramps
*Excessive sweating
*Weakness
*Nausea
*Dizziness
*Cramps
*Urge to defecate
*Chills
*Rapid Breathing
*Confusion
*Tingling of the hands and/or feet
How should heat exhaustion be treated?
Move the casualty to a cool, shaded area, loosen any tight fitting clothing, have him or her drink a canteen of cool water, elevate the legs and monitor.
Describe the signs and symptoms of heat stroke?
*The person stops sweating
*Dry and Hot skin
*Fast pulse
*Headache
*Dizziness
*Nausea
*Vomiting and mental confusion
*weakness
*Seizures
How should heat stroke be treated?
Immerse the casualty in the coldest water available or remove the clothing and wet the entire body while fanning, transport to the nearest medical facility.
What are the 2 most common types of fractures?
Open (Compound), and Closed (Simple)
What is an open fracture?
A broken bone that breaks through the skin.
What should be done 1st for an open fracture?
Stop the bleeding
What are signs and symptoms of fractures?
Pain at the site, discoloration and deformity
Why is a fracture immobilized?
To prevent the sharp edges of the bone from moving and cutting tissue, muscle, blood vessels and nerves. Doing this reduces pain and helps prevent and control shock.
What is shock and why is it dangerous?
Shock is inadequate blood flow to the vital organs and tissues. If shock is uncorrected it may result in death even though the injury or conditions causing shock appear to be less than fatal.
What is the basic proven principal in splinting fractures?
Splint them where they lie
What does the word “COLD” mean in cold weather protection?
keep it Clean, avoiding Overheating, wearing Loose clothing in layers, and keeping it Dry.
Name 5 types of cold and wet weather injuries?
*Frostbite: Actual freezing of a part of the body
*Hypothermia: Lowering of the body temperature
*Immersion Foot/Trench Foot: Occurs between 32 and 50 degrees
*Chilblain: Mild form of frostbite
*Snow Blindness: Pain in and around the eyes
Describe the signs and symptoms of Frostbite?
*Loss of sensation or numb feeling in any part of the body
*Sudden whitening of the skin in the affected area, followed by a momentary tingling feeling.
*Redness of the skin in light skinned soldiers; grayish coloring in dark skinned soldiers
*Blisters
*Swollen and/or tender areas
*Loss of previous feeling of pain in the affected area.
*Pale, Yellowish, waxy-looking skin
*Frozen area that feels solid or wooden to the touch.
What is the treatment for Frostbite?
*Warm the area at the 1st sign of frostbite with the casualty’s or a buddy’s hands, underarm, or abdomen.
*Face/Ears/Nose: Cover the area with the casualty’s or buddy’s hands
*Hands: Place them inside his or her clothing against the body and close the clothing
*Feet: Place the casualty’s bare feet under the clothing and against the body of another soldier.
*Loosen or remove any tight clothing and any jewelry.
*Cover the casualty with a blanket or other dry material.
What precautions should be followed with Frostbite?
*Don’t soak the frostbitten part
*Don’t rub it with snow
*Don’t expose it to any extreme heat source
*Don’t rub or move the frostbitten part in any way to increase circulation
*Don’t allow the casualty to drink alcohol or smoke
*Do not treat seriously frostbitten parts if the casualty must walk or travel to receive further treatment
What is hypothermia?
The body loses heat faster than it can produce
What are 2 types of Hypothermia?
Mild and Severe
Describe the symptoms of Hypothermia?
*Casualty is cold
*Shivering stops, but the body temperature is low
*Consciousness may be altered
*Movement is uncoordinated
*Shock and Coma may set in as a result of lower body temperatures
What is the treatment for Hypothermia?
*Immediately rewarm the body evenly with a heat source
*Keep the casualty dry, and protect from the elements
*Warm liquids may gradually be given to the casualty providing he or she is conscious.
*Be prepared to start basic life support measures
*Seek medical help immediately. Hypothermia is a medical emergency and must be treated as soon as possible.