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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The parathyroid glands play a major role in regulating which substances?
A. Calcium and Phosphorus
B. Cholride and potassium
C. Potassium and calcium
D. Sodium and potassium
a. Calcium and Phosphorus
The primary function of insuln is to:
A. Lower blood glucose levels
B. Produce melanin
C. regulate the bodys metabolic rate
D. stimulate release of digestive enzymes
a. lower blood glucose levels
a client is admitted to the hospital with a medical DX of hyerthyroidism. When taking a history which information would be most significant?
A. edema, intolerance to cold, lethargy
b. peri-orbital edema, lethargy mask like face
c. weight loss, intolerance to cold, muscle wasting
d. weight loss, intolerance to heat, exophthalmos
d. weight loss, intolerance to heat, exophthalmos
Which nursing action is most appropriate for a client in ketoacidosis?
a. admin of carbs
b. admin of IV fluids
c. applying cold compress
d. giving glucagon IV
b. admin of IV fluids
The nurse smells a sweet fruity odor on the breath of a client admitted with DM. This odor may be associated with?
a. alcohol intoxication
b. insulin shock
c. ketoacidosis
d. macrovacular complications
c. ketoacidosis
A client asks what the purpose of the Hb A1c test is. The nurses best explanation would be that the test measures the average:
a. blood sugar lvl's over a 6-10 week period
b. hemoglobin lvl's over a 6 - 10 week period
c. protien lvl over a 3 month period
d. vanillylmandelic acid lvl's
a. blood sugar lvl's over a 6-10 week period
which of the following would be a nursing priority for a client just DX with Addison's disease?
a. avioding unnecessary activity
b. encouraging client to wear a med alert tag
c. ensuring the client is adequatly hydrated
d. explaining that the client will need life long hormone therapy
c. ensuring the client is adequatly hydrated
A nurse is caring for a client in the late stage of Ketoacidosis. The nurse notices that the clients breath has a characteristic fruity odor. Which of the following substances is responsible for the fruity smell in the breath?
a. iodine
b. acetone
c.alcohol
d. glucose
b. acetone
A nurse is caring for a client with Addison's disease. Which of the following mursing considerations shoul dbe employed when caring for this client?
a. avoid sodium in the clients diet
b. monitor and protect skin integrity
c. document the specific gravity of urine
d. monitor increases in blood pressure
c. document the specific gravity of urine
A nurse is assigned to care for and monitor any complications in a 40 yr client with chronic diabetes. Which of the following is a macrovascular complication of diabetes.
a. neuropathy
b. retinopathy
c. nephropathy
d. Arteriosclerosis
d. Arteriosclerosis
A nurse is instructing a 50yr diabetic client about the steps to be followed for self admin of insulin. Which of the following instructions should be included in te client teaching?
a. instruct client to aviod injections to the abdomen
b. encourage client to always inject insulin in the same site
c. inform client about the type of syringe to use
d. encourage client to do active exercise after injection
c. inform client about the type of syringe to use
A nurse is preparing a diet plan for a 50yr with simple goiter. Which of the following should be included in teh clients diet to decrease the enlargement of he thyroid gland?
a. iodine
b. sodium
c. potassium
d. calcium
a. iodine
A nurse is caring for a 60yr client affected with hypoparathyroidism. When checking the lab report, the nurse finds tht the clients calcium lvl was very low. Which of the following vitamins regulates teh calcium lvl in the body?
a. A
b. D
c. E
d. K
b. D