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84 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Two drugs with similar action are administered to achieve which of the following effects?
a) Additive; b) Synergistic; c) Agonistic; d) Antagonistic
a) Additive
Patient is 24 hrs post op. He is taking a narcotic and an antihistamine. This is an example of which drug effect?
a) Additive; b) Synergistic; c) Agonistic; d) Antagonistic
b) Synergistic
When 2 drugs that have opposite effects are given at the same time, the drug effects cancel each other. This effect is called what?
a) Additive; b) Synergistic; c) Agonistic; d) Antagonistic
d) Antagonistic
A major drug-food interaction occurs between MAO inhibitors and foods rich in:
a) Caffeine; b) Fiber; c) Tyramine; d) Acetylcholine
c) Tyramine
Which of the following drug groups is primarily absorbed by the small intestine?
a) Barbiturates; b) Salicylates; c) Anticonvulsants; d) Theophylline
c) Anticonvulsants
Patient is on digoxin and a diuretic - be aware of digitalis toxicity and which serum levels?
a) Potassium; b) Sodium; c) Calcium; d) Chloride
a) Potassium
Which is NOT a sign of digitalis toxicity?
a) Nausea; b) Bradycardia; c) Vomiting; d) Tachycardia
d) Tachycardia
Most drugs are excreted in:
a) Urine; b) Saliva; c) Feces; d) Lungs
a) Urine
Most drug-induced photosensitivity reactions can be avoided by all EXCEPT:
a) Using sunscreen; b) Eating foods high in vitamin C; c) Wearing protective clothing; d) Avoiding excessive sunlight
b) Eating foods high in vitamin C
Amendment approved drugs safe for consumption that may be sold as OTC?
a) Kefauver-Harris; b) Durham-Humphrey; c) Drug Modernization; d) Food & Cosmetic Act
a) Kefauver-Harris
Amendment that requires proof of efficacy and safety of the drug?
a) Kefauver-Harris; b) Durham-Humphrey; c) Drug Modernization; d) Food & Cosmetic Act
b) Durham-Humphrey
After review by FDA, OTC drugs are assigned to one of how many categories?
a) One; b) Three; c) Five; d) Seven
b) Three
Drugs not included in nonprescription products because they are unsafe or ineffective are assigned to which category?
a) I; b) II, c) III, d) IV
b) II
Pt with impaired renal function should avoid all EXCEPT:
a) Aspirin; b) Ibuprofen; c) Acetaminophen; d) Milk of Magnesia
Milk of Magnesia
Mineral essential for regeneration of hemoglobin:
a) Chromium; b) Copper; c) Iron; d) Selenium
c) Iron
Regulation of Ca & Phosphorus metabolism & Ca absorption from the intestine is a major role of which vitamin?
a) A; b) B12; c) C; d) D
d) D
Vitamin A is essential for maintaining
a) Skin, hair & eyes; b) Eyes, ovaries & hearing; c) Hair, nails, teeth; d) Skin, memory, sight
a) Skin, hair & eyes
Vitamins are organic chemicals most necessary for all of the following EXCEPT:
a) Eyesight; b) Tissue growth; c) Tissue healing; d) Metabolic functions
a) Eyesight
Vitamins should be ↑ in the presence of all the following conditions EXCEPT:
a) Balanced diet; b) Alcoholism; c) Post-op surgery; d) Breastfeeding
a) Balanced Diet
60% of iron found in :
a) Blastocysts; b) Heamtocrit; c) Hemoglobin; d) Plasma
c) Hemoglobin
Antacids & Vitamin C have what effect on iron absorption?
a) Decrease; b) Increase; c) No change; d) Antagonistic
a) Decrease
Synthessis of prothrombin & other clotting factors is the role of which fat soluble vitamin?
a) A; b) D; c) E; d) K
d) K
The USDA’s Food Guide Pyramid recommends fat be limited to what % of caloric intake?
a) 40%; b) 30%; c) 25%; d) 20%
b) 30%
Indicate if the following is attributed to/as (A) fat soluble or (B) water soluble vitamin:
Toxic in extreme amounts
A - Fat soluble
Indicate if the following is attributed to/as (A) fat soluble or (B) water soluble vitamin:
Metabolized slowly
A - Fat soluble
Indicate if the following is attributed to/as (A) fat soluble or (B) water soluble vitamin:
Negligible protein binding
B - Water soluble
Indicate if the following is attributed to/as (A) fat soluble or (B) water soluble vitamin:
Readily excreted in urine
B - Water soluble
Indicate if the following is attributed to/as (A) fat soluble or (B) water soluble vitamin:
Slowly excreted in Urine
A - Fat soluble
Indicate if the following is attributed to/as (A) fat soluble or (B) water soluble vitamin:
Vitamin A
A - Fat soluble
Indicate if the following is attributed to/as (A) fat soluble or (B) water soluble vitamin:
Vitamin B complex
B - Water soluble
Indicate if the following is attributed to/as (A) fat soluble or (B) water soluble vitamin:
Vitamin C
B - Water soluble
Indicate if the following is attributed to/as (A) fat soluble or (B) water soluble vitamin:
Vitamin D
A - Fat soluble
Indicate if the following is attributed to/as (A) fat soluble or (B) water soluble vitamin:
Vitamin E
A - Fat soluble
Indicate if the following is attributed to/as (A) fat soluble or (B) water soluble vitamin:
Vitamin K
A - Fat soluble
Indicate if the following is attributed to/as (A) fat soluble or (B) water soluble vitamin:
Niacin
B - Water soluble
Indicate if the following is attributed to/as (A) fat soluble or (B) water soluble vitamin:
Folic Acid
B - Water soluble
There is a disruption in cellular division without which acid?
a) Pyloric; b) Folic; c) Gastric; d) Lactic
b) Folic
Match the Vitamin / Mineral to the letter of the common food source for that nutrient: Vitamin A
a) Egg yolks, dried beans & fruits; b) Lamb, eggs & leafy vegetables; c) Fermented cheese, egg yolk, milk; d) Wheat germ, egg yolk, liver; e) Fish, liver, egg yolk; f) Green & yellow vegetables; g) Tomatoes, pepper, citrus fruits; h) Whole grains & cereals; i) Milk and cream
f) Green & yellow vegetables
Match the Vitamin / Mineral to the letter of the common food source for that nutrient: Vitamin B12
a) Egg yolks, dried beans & fruits; b) Lamb, eggs & leafy vegetables; c) Fermented cheese, egg yolk, milk; d) Wheat germ, egg yolk, liver; e) Fish, liver, egg yolk; f) Green & yellow vegetables; g) Tomatoes, pepper, citrus fruits; h) Whole grains & cereals; i) Milk and cream
e) Fish, liver, egg yolk
Match the Vitamin / Mineral to the letter of the common food source for that nutrient: Vitamin C
a) Egg yolks, dried beans & fruits; b) Lamb, eggs & leafy vegetables; c) Fermented cheese, egg yolk, milk; d) Wheat germ, egg yolk, liver; e) Fish, liver, egg yolk; f) Green & yellow vegetables; g) Tomatoes, pepper, citrus fruits; h) Whole grains & cereals; i) Milk and cream
g) Tomatoes, pepper, citrus fruits
Match the Vitamin / Mineral to the letter of the common food source for that nutrient: Vitamin D
a) Egg yolks, dried beans & fruits; b) Lamb, eggs & leafy vegetables; c) Fermented cheese, egg yolk, milk; d) Wheat germ, egg yolk, liver; e) Fish, liver, egg yolk; f) Green & yellow vegetables; g) Tomatoes, pepper, citrus fruits; h) Whole grains & cereals; i) Milk and cream
c) Fermented cheese, egg yolk, milk
Match the Vitamin / Mineral to the letter of the common food source for that nutrient: Vitamin E
a) Egg yolks, dried beans & fruits; b) Lamb, eggs & leafy vegetables; c) Fermented cheese, egg yolk, milk; d) Wheat germ, egg yolk, liver; e) Fish, liver, egg yolk; f) Green & yellow vegetables; g) Tomatoes, pepper, citrus fruits; h) Whole grains & cereals; i) Milk and cream
d) Wheat germ, egg yolk, liver
Match the Vitamin / Mineral to the letter of the common food source for that nutrient: Zinc
a) Egg yolks, dried beans & fruits; b) Lamb, eggs & leafy vegetables; c) Fermented cheese, egg yolk, milk; d) Wheat germ, egg yolk, liver; e) Fish, liver, egg yolk; f) Green & yellow vegetables; g) Tomatoes, pepper, citrus fruits; h) Whole grains & cereals; i) Milk and cream
b) Lamb, eggs & leafy vegetables
Match the Vitamin / Mineral to the letter of the common food source for that nutrient: Iron
a) Egg yolks, dried beans & fruits; b) Lamb, eggs & leafy vegetables; c) Fermented cheese, egg yolk, milk; d) Wheat germ, egg yolk, liver; e) Fish, liver, egg yolk; f) Green & yellow vegetables; g) Tomatoes, pepper, citrus fruits; h) Whole grains & cereals; i) Milk and cream
a) Egg yolks, dried beans & fruits
Protection of RBCs from hemolysis is a role of which vitamin?
a) A; b) D; c) E; d) K
c) E
Vitamin A is stored in the liver, kidneys & fat & is excreted
a) Only in the bile & feces; b) Several hours after ingestion ; c) Rapidly from the body; d) Slowly from the body
d) Slowly from the body
Normal serum osmolality is:
a) 200-225 mOsm/kg; b) 275-295 mOsm/kg; c) 350-395 mOsm/kg; d) 410-495 mOsm/kg
b) 275-295 mOsm/kg
Serum osmolality can be calculated by
a) Halving the serum Na level; b) Doubling the serum Ca+ Level; c) Halving the serum Calcium level; d) Doubling serum sodium level
Doubling serum sodium level
When serum osmolality is 285 mOsm/kg – body fluid is:
a) Neo-osmolar; b) Iso-osmolar; c) Hyper-osmolar; d) Hypo-osmolar
b) Iso-osmolar
In IV solution with an osmolality of 540 mOsm is considered:
a) Isotonic; b) Neotonic; c) Hypertonic; d) Hypotonic
c) Hypertonic
IV solution used for fluid replacement include all except:
a) Urea; b) Lipids; c) Blood products; d) Crystalloids
a) Urea
Electrolytes necessary for transmitting nerve impulses include all except:
a) Zinc; b) Magnesium; c) Potassium; d) Sodium
a) Zinc
The majority of K+ is excreted by the
a) Liver; b) Kidneys; c) Lungs; d) Feces
b) Kidneys
K+ must be taken with at least how many ounces of H20 or Juice?
a) 2; b) 4; c) 8; d) 12
b) 4
Vitamin D is needed for Calcium absorption from the:
a) Liver; b) GI tract; c) Colon; d) Kidneys
b) GI tract
Thiazide diuretics have what effect on serum calcium levels
a) Decrease; b) Increase; c) No effect; d) False readings
b) Increase
Normal serum level range for Potassium is:
a) 3.5-5.3 mEq/L; b) 4.5-6.3 mEq/L; c) 5.5-7.3 mEq/L
a) 3.5-5.3 mEq/L
Normal serum level range for Sodium is:
a) 125-135 mEq/L; b) 135–145 mEq/L; c) 145-155 mEq/L
b) 135–145 mEq/L
Normal serum level range for Calcium is:
a) 8-11 mg/dl; 3.5-5.5 mEq/L; b) 9-11 mg/dl; 4.5-5.5 mEq/L; c) 9-10 mg/dl; 4.5-6.5 mEq/L
b) 9-11 mg/dl; 4.5-5.5 mEq/L
Normal serum level range for Magnesium is:
a) 1.0-2.0 mEq/L; b) 1.5-2.5 mEq/L; c) 1.5-3.5 mEq/L; d) 2.0-4.5 mEq/L
b) 1.5-2.5 mEq/L
D5W & D5/0.45% NaCl are IV solutions classified as
a) Colloids; b) Lipids; c) Blood products; d) Cyrstalloids
d) Crystalloids
One Liter of 5% dextrose in ½ normal saline solution (D5/0.45% NaCl) is what type of IV fluid?
a) Isotonic; b) Hypotonic; c) Neotonic; d) Hypertonic
d) Hypertonic
If D5W is used continuouisly over several days, the IV solution becomes
a) Isotonic; b) Isohypertonic; c) Hypotonic; d) Hypertonic
c) Hypotonic
What is the serum osmolality if the current lab value is serum Na 140mEq/L?
a) 265 mOsm; b)295 mOsm; c) 280 mOsm; d) 285 mOsm
c) 280 mOsm
Lactated Ringer’s IV solution has similar composition to
a) Plasma; b) White blood cells; c) Body tissues; d) Skin
a) Plasma
Slow K should be given
a) With 8 oz of H20; b) On an empty stomach; c) At bedtime; d) 2 hours before meals
a) With 8 oz of H20
Nausea, vomiting & abdominal distention are symptoms related to
a) Hyponatremia; b) Hypernatremia; c) Hyperkalemia; d) Hypokalemia
d) Hypokalemia
Foods rich in potassium include all EXCEPT:
a) Eggs & whole-grain breads; b) Dried fruits; c) Bananas & prunes; d) Broccoli & peanut butter
a) Eggs & whole-grain breads
Which of the following serum K+ levels would indicate hyperkalemia?
a) 2.9 mEq/L; b) 3.5 mEq/L; c) 5.2 mEq/L; d) 5.9 mEq/L
d) 5.9 mEq/L
The following may cause hyperkalemia EXCEPT:
a) Extended poor urine output; b) Renal insufficiency; c) IV solutions with large doses of KCl; d) potassium wasting diuretics
d) potassium wasting diuretics
S/Sx of hyperkalemia include all EXCEPT:
a) Muscle weakness; b) Tachycardia converting to bradycardia; c) Abdominal cramps; d) Oliguria
a) Muscle weakness
The serum calcium level is 3.6mEq/L – this level is
a) Normal; b) Slightly low; c) Low average; d) Severely low
d) Severely low
The MD orders CaCl in D5½ NaCl – what effect may saline solution have on calcium chloride?
a) Na encourages Calcium loss – Calcium chloride should not be mixed with saline solution; b) It has little or no effect on the calcium additive due to the addition of the dextrose solution; c) Calcium additives should always be added to IV solutions containing NaCl; d) It will increase the effects of the calcium
a) Na encourages Calcium loss – Calcium chloride should not be mixed with saline solution
Drinking cranberry juice will _______ urine pH
a) Increase; b) Decrease
b) Decrease
The drug nitrofurantoin changes the color of urine to
a) Dark yellow; b) Red; c) Brown; d) Green
c) Brown
Urine color changes to red-orange when taking
a) Pyridium; b) Nitrofurantoin; c) Tetracycline; d) Penicillin
a) Pyridium
To be an effective urinary antiseptic, the urine pH should be below
a) 7.5; b) 6.5; c) 5.5; d) 4.5
c) 5.5
All of the following can be taken to ↓ urine pH EXCEPT:
a) Cranberry juice; b) Potassium chloride; c) Ascorbic acid; d) Ammonium chloride
b) Potassium chloride
Taken as a single dose for UTI in women
a) Monurol; b) Bactrim; c) Keflex; d) Mitrofurantoin
a) Monurol
Commony prescribed urinary analgesic:
a) Uripas; b) Trimpex; c) Pyridium; d) Urechloine
c) Pyridium
One of the drugs of choice for UTI is the sulfonamide
a) Bactrim/Septra; b) Sulfadiazine; c) Cipro; d) Sulfadutine
a) Bactrim/Septra
A specifice adverse effect of Nitrofurantoin is
a) Superinfection; b) Peripheral neuropathy; c) Anorexia; d) Headache and rash
b) Peripheral neuropathy
Urinary spasms are commonly treated with
a) Trimpex; b) Urispas; c) Urecholine; d) Pyridium
b) Urispas
Drug used to control overactive bladder & is contraindicated in Pt with narrow-angle glaucoma is
a) Urechloine; b) Uripas; c) Pyridium; d) Detrol
d) Detrol