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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
changes in pupils
dilate to increase visual perception when serious threats to the body arise
sweat production
diaphoresis- increases to control elevated body heat d/t increased metabolism
heart rate
cardiac output increases to transport nutrtion and byproducts pf metabolism more efficently
skin color
paled due to constriction of peripheral blood vessels (an effect of norepinephrine)
blood pressure
sodium and water retention increases d/t release of mineralocorticoids which results in increased blood volumes which elevates the B/P
rate and depth are increased due to dialtion of bronchioles, promoting hyperventilation
urinary output
decreases due to sweating and increased blood volume
mouth may become dry
decreases resulting in constipation and gas
mental alertness
improves with serious threats
muscle tension
increases to prepare for rapid motor activity
blood sugar
increases d/t release of glucocortocoid and gluconeogensis
activity level
increases as metabolism increases energy levels
physiologic functioning
may cause anxiety, fear, anger, depression and unconscious ego defense mechanisms
psychological manifestations of stess include
anxiety, anger, fear, and depression
mild anxiety
increased questioning, mild restlessness, sleeplessness, feelings of increased arrousal and alertness, uses learnign to adapt
moderate anxiety
voice tremors and pitch changes, tremors, facial twitches, shakiness, increase muscle tension, narrowed focus of attention, able to focus but selectively inattentive, learning slightly impaired, circulatory and respiratory rate slightly increased. butterflies in stomach
severe/panic anxiety
difficult to understand verbalizations or unable to understand at all, unable to relax, aggitation, fearful facial expression, unpredictable responses, inability to focus or easily distracted, trembling, poor motor function, perception distorted or exaggerated, unable to learn or severely impaired, tachycardia, hyperventilation, dyspnea, palpitation, choking, chest pain or pressure, HA, dizziness, nausea, feeling of impending doom, paresthesia, sweating
which part of nsg process does support group referal take place
breast self exam (BSE)
play an important role for early detection resulting in a greater chance of cure and less complex treatment, uses inspection and palpation adn should be done once a month
prevention of pressure ulcers
turn and reposition q2h, position in proper body alignment, use appropriate therapeutic mattress, proper hygiene, apply protective barriers, adequate nutrition,
inflamation of the oral mucosa, teach or provide regular cleaning
tertiary prevention
activities designed to restore individuals with disabilities to their optimal level of functioning
sterile technique is used for
injections, shanging wound dressings, urinary caths, IV therapy
nutrtion needed for wound healing
protein, carbohydrates, fluids, vitamin C
physical attending
Face other person squarely, adopt an open posture, lean toward the person, maintain good eye contact, try to be relatively relaxed
chain of infections
etiologic agent (microorganism), reservoir (place whereorganism naturally resides), mode of transmission (a portal of exit form reservoir), a potal of entry into host, susceptibility of the host