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109 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Antazoline Phosphate
H1 blocker that is used for type 1 hypersensitivities
Bacitracin and Gramacidin are effective against which bac?
gram + and gram -
Define Bioavailability
amt of drug present at the desired receptor level
BZD can cause abnormal
EOM versions
Cephalosporins are associated with
hypersensitivity
(B lactam antibiotic)
Chloroquine causes ___ retinopathy and accumulates ___ and ____
Bulls eye
RPE and Choroid
(anti malarial)
Chlorophenaramine
blocks H1
cholinergic drugs _____ AC/A ratio
decrease
Cimetidine
H2 antagonist
Rx as a prophylactic to decrease gastric acid production
T/F Cocaine is a vaso dilator
F it's a constrictor
corneal toxicity of epinephrine is
adenochrome deposit
cyclosporin is used to prevent
graph rejection b/c it's an immunosuppresent
diazepam
anti epileptic drug
enhances GABA
digoxin
enhances contractile force
tx CHF
diphenhydramine
OTC causes CNS depressant effects
doubling the dose increases:
duration by 1/2
ectothiophate and isothiophate
are irreversible anti cholinergicesterase
epi ____ systemic absorption of local anesthetic
decrease bc it's vasoconstrict
erthromycin is ___ spectrum and known to tx____
Broad spectrum; neisseria
esters are ___ acting local anesthetics
short
Best diuretic
Furosemide
H1 blocker will ____ accommodation with long term use
decrease
High TI = (theraputic index)
drug is safer
hydroxyamphetamine
increase NE and Epi
dilates the pupil
with tropicamide = paremyd
drug commonly used to calm anxious pt
hypnotic (induces sleep, in surgical anesthesia)
isoproterenol stimulates __ receptors
beta 1 and 2
ketabserin
is a serotonin antagonist used to tx HTN
labetolol
blocks all adrenergic receptors
how to promote uric acid secretion
large dose of asprin
what local anesthetic is used for ventricular arrhyrhmia
lidocaine
Tx brain tumors
lomustine and carmustine
loop diuretic act:
thick ascending loop
mannitol
osmotic diuretic
works on proximal tubule
methazolamide
used to diagnose Adie's pupil
is an CAI
Methicillin
is B lactamase resistant
An antibacterial commonly used in the eye conjunction with steroids
Neomycin (bacterial cidal, known to cause hypersensitivity)
nicotine causes __ to EOM
clonic spasm
nitroglycerine is tx for
HTN and angina
NSAID are contraindicated for
peptic ulcer disease
Nystatin
good for Fungal infection of the skin. it's too toxic to be used systemically
opiates cause death by
respiration depression
parathyroid hormone
bone reabsorption, lose Ca++
PE should not be given to pt on
amitriptyline (Tricyclic antidepressant)
Candida infection can be tx with
Flucytosis
Polymyxin B is NOT effective against
Staph Aureus: gram +
povidone
germicide
propantheline
systemic antimuscarinic
proparacaine duration of action is
15 mins
propranolol
negative ionotrope
quinidine
tx arrhythmias
chloropromazine
antipsychotics; side effect = dry mouth
succinylcholine
muscle relaxant that acts by maintaining depolariztion og the motor end plate
sucrafate
anti ulcer medication that coats the stomach
sulfonamide
inhibits folic acid metabolism
tx of chlamydia
tetracycline
tetrahydrozoline
visine; causes vasoconstriction
antidote of atrophine
physiostigmine
thiopental
barbituate; general anesthetic; effects GABA; has a long duration bc its slowly metabolized
thyroxine
hormone from thyroid gland; stimulates levator
drug good for pseudomonas
tobramycin
Tolbutimen
makes receptors more effective
Trachoma should be tx with
oral tetracycline
Trazadone
is atypical antidepressant
Velocity is 1/2 max when
substrate concentration equals Km
the vertical axis of Line Weaver-Burke plot
V max
isoproterenol
direct acting agonist B1 B2
salmeterol
direct acting agonist B2
albuterol
direct acting agonist B2
phenylephrine
direct acting alpha agonist
oxymethazoline
direct acting alpha agonist
ephedrine
mix acting sympathomimetic
pseudoephedrine
mix acting sympathomimetic
amphetamine
indirect acting sympathomimetic
methylphenidate
indirect acting sympathomimetic
cocaine
sympathomimetic reuptake inhibitor
atomoxetine
sympathomimetic reuptake inhibitor
-azosin
alpha blocker
ergot alkaloids
alpha blocker
Propranolol
non selective b blocker
Metoprolol
Cardioselective B1 blocker
Atenolol
cardioselective B1 blocker
-stigmine
Reversible anti cholinesterase; increases ach
echothiophate
irreversible anti cholinesterase
pilocarpine
direct acting cholinergic agonist
carbachol
direct acting cholinergic agonist
nicotine
direct acting cholinergic agonist
atropine
anticholinergic
scopolamine
anticholinergic
ipratropium
anticholinergic; bronchiodilator
propantheline
anti cholinergic; anti spasmodics
name all ester local anesthetics
Procaine
Benzocaine
Tetracaine
Cocaine
furosemide
anti hypertensive; diuretic
hydrocholorothiazide
anti hypertensive; diuretic
clonidine
CNS active alpha 2 agonist; sympatholytic; tx HTN
-pril
ace inhibitor
-sartan
angiotensin antagonist (AT-1 receptor blocker)
-thiaziNes
antipsychotics
-triptyline
tricyclic antidepressant
-statin
antilipidemic; HMG-CoA inhibitor (HMG-CoA forms a building block of cholesterol)
Furosemide
the best diuretic; loop diuretic
-thiazides
diuretic; effect distal tubule
gliazones
antihyperglycemics
-phylline
Tx asthma
Xanthine Category
works on A1 receptors
(theophylline)
-leukast
Tx asthma
(monteleukast)
-pheniramine
1st gen anti histamine
block H1 rec
-tidine
H2 blocker
reduce gastric acidity
-prazole
proton pump inhibitor
reduce gastric acidity
-triptan
serotonin agonist
decrease neurogenic inflammation
tx: migrane HA
-flurane
inhaled anesthetic