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43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
VEP acuity is at adult levels at:
6 mo
VPL grating acuity is at adult levels @:
2 yrs
contrast sensitivity peaks at all spatial frequencies by the age of
18 and remains until age 39
premature babies have myopia larger than ___D
-5.00D
at 1yr avg Rx=
+1.00D
at 3yr avg Rx+
+0.95
Infants report more ____ astigmatism
ATR
accommodation is well developed at
4 months
fovea matures at
4mo
fusional convergence is well developed by
6 mo
lid closure in response occurs at ___ weeks of gestation
30
blink response to visual threat occurs at
2-5 mos
stereo develops at
3-6 mo
binocular vision is essential peripheral fusion system at
2-3 mo
visual cortex becomes funcationally binocular
3-5mo
sensory fusion and retinal rivary emerge at
at 4 mo
head control occurs at
3-4mo
rolling over occurs at
5-7 mos
sitting occurs at
6-7mo
crawling
7-8mo
standing w/o support occurs at
1yr
speaking first word
1yr
pupillary light reaction at __ weeks of gestation
31
well developed pupillary light rxn at
1 mo
saccadic eye movements are adult like at
4-5 mo
yes or no: saccadic eye movements present at birth
yes but not normal
y or n: smooth pursuit are present at birth
no or reduced
when do smooth pursuits develop? and mature?
2-3
4-6mo
what is the last oculomotor system to develop and is directly proportional to foveal and cortical development
fusional vergence (well developed by 6 mos)
when is conjugated horizontal gaze developed?
at birth
when is conjugated vertical gaze developed?
2 mo
when is vestibular eye movement well developed
36 weeks of gestation
when is OKN developed?
birth
when is visual following well developed
3 mos
basic trust v. basic mistrust
0-1 yo
autonomy v shame
1-3 yo
initiative v guilt
3-5 yo
industry v inferiority
5-12 yo
identity v. role confusion
12yo - adult
Piaget's theory of cognitive development (4)
1. sensiomotor (0-2y)
2. pre-operational (2-7y)
3. concret operations (7-11ys)
4. formal operations
T/F Strabismus amblyopia causes anomalous binocular interaction and reduction in VA
T
T/F Anisometropic amblyopia causes anomalous binocular interaction and reduction in VA
F causes anomalous binocular interactions and for deprivation
older ppl have ___ astigmatism
ATR