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27 Cards in this Set

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Normal gestational period
38-42 weeks
Neonates first sensory system to develop
touch and tactile system
Appropriate ADL for 0-6 month old infant in order to develop visual and tactile systems
reaching and grasping objects
6-12 months, infants develops skills in...
bringing hands to midline
primitive motor reflexes at 28 weeks
rooting, suck, swallow
palmar grasp
plantar grasp
MORO
Children 3-7yrs promote social development, self-esteem, and challenge sensorimotor competency through what activities?
roughhouse play
playground activities
games
sports
music
dancing
arts & crafts
household chores
school tasks
primitive reflexes are present when and integrate by when
-at or just after birth
-throughout the first year
Moro reflex
onset - 28wks gestation
integration - 4-6 months
stimulus - drop infants head backwards
response - arm extension with hand opening, then arm flexion and adduction.
Plantar grasp reflex
onset - 28 wks gestation
integration - 9 months
stimulus - pressure to ball of infants foot
response - toe flexion
Asymmetric tonic neck reflex
ATNR
Onset - 37 wks gestation
integration 4-6 months
stimulus - rotate infants head, hold 5 seconds
response - UE extension @ face, UE flexion @ skull
Palmar grasp reflex
onset - 37 wks gestation
integration - 4-6 months
stimulus - finger in infants palm
response - finger flexion, grasp
tonic labyrinthine, supine
onset - ~37 wks gestation
integration - 6 months
stimulus - infant in supine
response - extensor tone
tonic labyrinthine, prone
onset - ~37wks gestation
integration - 6 months
stimulus - infant in prone
response - flexor tone
labyrinthine, optical righting
onset - birth to 2months
integration - persists
stimulus - tilt 45 degrees in any direction
response - upright position of head
landau
onset - 3-4 months
integration - 1-2yrs
stimulus - infant in horizontal prone
response - head, trunk, extremity extension
Symmetric tonic neck
onset - 4-6 months
integration - 8-12 months
stimulus - extend head while infant is in crawling position
response - flexion of hips & knees
Neck righting
onset - 4-6 months
integration - 5yrs
stimulus - infant in supine, turn head to side
response - body log roll with head
body righting
onset - 4-6 months
integration - 5yrs
stimulus - infant in supine, flex one knee to chest, hold briefly
response - segmental trunk roll to align
3-5 month milestones
motor
motor:
visually attends to object (3 months)
hands are together at midline
5-6 months
motor
motor:
brings hands/feet to mouth
reaches for toy with one/both hands
transfers objects from hand to hand (4-8 months)
able to roll prone -> supine and vice versa
palmar grasp for block (5 months)
unilateral reaching – dissociation of body sides (6 months)
raking grasp for pellet (6 months)
radial-palmar grasp for block (6 months)
7-8 months

motor, 4
feeding, 1
motor:
moves from prone to sit
crawls forward on belly
sits alone with wide BOS, plays with toys in sitting (5-10 months)
radial-digital grasp for block (8 months)

feeding:
takes baby food from spoon (5-7 months)
9-12 months

motor, 8
cognitive, 2
feeding, 1
motor:
Volitional release (7-9 months)
Pincer grasp (10-12 months)
crossing of midline while weight bearing on other extremity
bilateral integration/ body coordination
creeps on hands and feet
trunk control & equilibrium fully developed in sitting
pulls to standing while holding on to furniture (6-12 months)
cruises around furniture (9-10 months)

cognitive:
object permanence
able to use tool after demonstration

feeding:
lateral tongue movements – cup drinking (9months)
12-18 months

motor, 5
cognitive, 2
feeding, 3
dressing, 2
motor:
palmar-supinate grasp of pencil
walking (10-14 months)
Precision release, into small container with wrist extension (12-15 months)
runs stiffly (18 months)
Ability to use both hands for different functions

cognitive:
Can operate on-off switch
Make believe play

feeding:
jaw is firm; rotary chewing for hard food chewing (12 months)
finger-feeds soft foods (9-13 months)
scoops food with spoon and brings it to mouth (15-18 months)

dressing:
pulls off socks/ shoes (12 months)
pushes arms through sleeves (12 months)
2-3yrs

motor, 4
cognitive, 1
feeding, 2
dressing, 6
toileting, 1
household management, 1
motor:
digital-pronate grasp of pencil
snips with scissors
can match shapes and manipulate into openings – shape sorter
can build with blocks

cognitive:
make believe play – exploratory (0-2)

feeding:
proficient spoon use (24-30 months)
interest in fork use (24-30 months)

dressing:
removes elastic waisted pants (2.5yrs)
unbuttons large buttons
puts on front-button coat/ shirt
puts on socks (3yrs)
puts on shoes w/out fasteners
dresses with supervision (3.5yrs)

toileting:
goes to bathroom to sit on toilet independently (3yrs)

household management:
puts toys away without reminders (3yrs)
3.5-4yrs

motor, 3
cognitive, 1
dressing, 2
household mgmt, 1
motor:
static tripod pencil grasp
manipulates scissors forward (3-4)
cuts circles (3.5-4.5yrs)

cognitive:
parallel play (2-4yrs)

dressing:
removes pullover ind (4yrs)
zips jacket

household mgmt:
helps sort laundry (4yrs)
4.5-6yrs

motor, 2
cognitive, 1
dressing, 2
toileting, 1
household mgmt, 2
Motor:
Stable choice of dominant hand (preferences often seen earlier) (5yrs)
Dynamic tripod grasp of pencil (4.5-6yrs)

Cognitive:
Creative play – cooperative with peers (4-7yrs)

Dressing:
Ties and unties knots (5yrs)
Dresses ind

Toileting:
Ind in toileting (4-5yrs)

Household mgmt:
Makes bed (5yrs)
Makes sandwich
7-12yrs

cognitive, 1
household mgmt, 3
cognitive:
games with rules, interest in competition

household mgmt:
sets table (10-12yrs)
washes dishes
cares for pets