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22 Cards in this Set

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Archeologist
A person who systematically studies the artifacts of a people to understand their existence as a culture.
Artifact
An object made by a human, such as a tool.
Cartography
The science of map making.
Civilization
A whole society that shares a culture such as the same language, religion, art music, family rules snd guidelines, government and means of communication.
Confederation
A loose government unit where the parts, such as the states in America, would retain most powers, with a few key powers left to the central government.
Culture
A total way of life
Economics
The study of how people produce, disrtibute, and consume resources in order to satisfy their wants; and also how people make choices in trying to satisfy their wantswith limited resources.
Environment
The Total surrounding including physical, social and cultural conditions. These conditions affect the indivisual and the community.
Federal Government
A political system in which a union of states rocgnizes a central authority while retaining certain residual powers of government.
Geography
The study of earth and its features, as well as, where people live.
Historian
A person who studies, writes about and analyzes past events.
History
The study of past events.
Indigenous
The orginal inhabitants of an area. The people who settled the lands of North and South America are reffered to as Native Americans or indigenous peoples.
Iroquois Confederacy
A Native American political organization formed in 1577 by the Mohawk Hiawatha, joining the Mohawk into confederation with the Cayuga, Onandaga, Seneca, Oneida, and later the Tuscarora. They waged a war of virtual extermination against the Huron and Mohegan (Mohican)Indians. The Iroquois pro-British during the French and Indian war, and entered into alliance with the United States during the Revolution. Their confederation was dissolved by New York State legistlature in 1847, and today they live peacfully on several large reservations straddling the US-Canadian border. They proudly note that they were the first allies of the US.
Leauge of Five Nations
A confederartion of Indian tribes, including the Mohawk, Seneca, Oneida, Cayuga and Onandaga. They were often call the Leauge of Iroquois.
Longhouse
The structure of the woodland Indian, such as the Iroquois, in which several families lived. It was made of tree branches and other forest greens with a rounded roof.
Matrilineal
Tracing a family's heritage and or leadership through the mother's line of ancestry.
Monotheistic
A religion whose faith has aa single God; ex. Judaism, Islam and Christianity.
Native Americans
The first settlers who came to North America from asia; the indigenous peoples.
Primary source
For a person who studies history, a primary source is a document or written record which comes directly from the period of time under study. An example would be the first draft of the Gettysburg Address, written in President Lincoln's own handwriting; it can be used to check that what is written in history books today is what Lincoln actually wrote down in 1863.
Regions
Areas that have certain characteristics and features in common.
Secondary source
The writings and interpretations of historians and other writers. these sources such as textbooks and articles often provide convenient summaries of the information contained in primary sources.