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34 Cards in this Set

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ALEXANDER II
emperor of Russia; advocated moderate reforms for Russia; emancipated serfs; was assasinated
"BLOOD AND IRON"
refers to Prussian tactics brought about by Bismarck; his unification of Germany was through policy of "blood &iron"
BUNDESRAT
federal council of Austrian government
CAVOUR
economic doctrines of middle class; worked for a secret alliance w/Napolean III against Austria; worked to unite Italy
CARBONARI
secret society; to overthrow Bonapartist rulers; were liberal patriots
CARLSBAD DECREES
discouraged liberal teachings in S. Germany; censorship by Metternich on newspapers/radio
CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY
monarch rules w/limitations by the constitution
EMS DISPATCH
message from William I of Prussia to Napoleon III; brought France into the Franco Prussian War
FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR
btw France &Prussia; seen as German victory; struggle of Darwinism; led to Prussia being most powerful nation; begun by Bismarck
FRANKFURT ASSEMBLY
attempted to unify Germany; framed German constitution; after the revolution
GARIBALDI
Red Shirts; disciple of Mazzini; defended Rome; planned to liberate Two Kingdoms of Sicily; unified Italy
LEOPOLD II
King of Belgium
LIBERALISM
basic ideas of liberty and equality
MAGYARS
Hungarian nobility restored constitution; used it to dominate Magyar peasantry &minority population
MAZZINI
Italy idealistic patriot; centralized democratic republic based on universal suffrage; will of people
NATIONALISM
pride in one's nation, group, or traditions; desire for independence
NAPOLEAN III
Napolean's nephew; conservative government; ideals of nationalism
POGROMS
persecution of minorites; especially Jews in Russia
REALPOLITIK
political theory; by Bismarck; national success justifies any means possible; Machiavellian
RED SHIRTS
volunteers in Garibaldi's army
REICHSTAG
popularly elected parliament in Germany; little power
RUSSIFICATION
policy imposing Russian customs &traditions on other people
SYLLABUS OF ERRORS
Pope Pius IX denounced rationalism, socialism, &separation of church/state
TREATY OF FRANKFURT
end of Franco-Prussian War; Alsace &Lorraine given to Germany
BISMARCK
Prussian chancellor; unified Germany; pursuit by any means legal/illegal
ZEMSTVOS
local assemblies in Russia
ZOLLVEREIN
economic customs union of German states; founded by Prussia; eliminated internal tariffs
RISORGIMENTO
Italian period of history from 1815-1850
QUADRUPLE ALLIANCE
Russia, Prussia, Austria, England
GREAT REFORM BILL OF 1832
extension of right to vote in England to middle class men
TREATY OF VILLAFRANCA
Napolean III abandoned Cavour &alliance against Austria
TREATY OF PARIS
France lost all its possessions on mainland of N. America; opened way to British dominance
ACT OF SETTLEMENT
English king couldnt be Catholic
REVOCATION OF THE EDICT OF NANTES
1685; Louis XIV ordered destruction of churches, closing of schools, Huguenots; to create religious unity