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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Establishment Clause
The government shall not inhibit nor advance any particular religion.
Supremacy Clause
States cannot make laws that go against the laws of the federal government.
Civil Rights
The needs and rights of an individual.
Missouri Compromise of 1820
Missouri entered as a slave state.
Massachusetts entered as a free state.
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Written by Harriet Beacher Stowe.
Discussed the horror of slavery.
Seneca Falls (1848)
First time women formed to demand rights -- like the ability to divorce and inherit land.
Dred Scott Supreme Court Case
Moved to the North with his master, where his master died.
The court ruled that he was still a slave.
13th Ammendment
Ammendment that freed the slaves.
14th Ammendment (Equal Protection Clause)
The states cannot make laws to deprive any person of life, liberty or property.
A naturalized citizen is now a citizen.
15th Ammendment
Cannot deny someone the right to vote based on race.
Progressive Era
A time in the late 1800’s where there were many social and economics changes.
Plessey v. Ferguson, 1896
A man that was 1/8 black tried to board an all white car in a train, but was arrested.
Supreme Court ruled that segregation is okay as long as the owner apporves.
NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People)
Formed in 1909, this group helped give black people rights.
Dealt with many lawsuits and Supreme Court cases.
Thurgood Marshall was the attorney.
Brown v. Board, 1954
This Supreme Court case reversed the effects of Plessy v. Ferguson, making segragation unconstitutional.
National American Women’s Suffrage Association
Formed by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony in 1870.
This group achieved in getting women the right to vote (now the 19th ammendment).
Jim Crow Laws
Laws in the South that were made for specifically for segregation and discrimination.
Little Rock, AK
Place of first southern school integration.
Nine black students attend the junior high school with many National Guards to protect them.
Many white parents took their children out of school.
Rosa Parks
Employed by the NAACP.
Purposely sat in the front of a bus.
She was one of the many who helped blacks get their rights.
Martin Luther King, Jr.
The leader of many progressive black groups.
After his famous "I Have A Dream" speech, he was assassinated.
SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference)
Formed by Martin Luther King, Jr.
A passive action based movement.
SNCC (Student Non Violent Coordinating Commity)
One of the founders of this group was Stoley Carmichael.
Engaged in Freed Rides -- students rode around in busses and registered blacks to vote.
1964 Civil Rights Acts Approval
The assassination of JFK, MLK and the police brutality being broadcasted on T.V. helped it greatly.
1964 Civil Rights Acts
1) Outlawed arbitrary discriminative voter registration practice. Make the process faster for lawsuits about discrimination
2) Barred discrimination in public interstate commerce
3) Authorized the US Justice Department to initiate lawsuits to desegregate schools and public facilities.
4) Allowed federal government to withhold funds from discriminatory programs
5) Discrimination defined as: race color, religion, national origin, sex
6) Created equal employment opportunity commission
Laurence vs. Texas
Abolished anti-sodomy laws.
1966 National Organization of Women
This group tried and get the women’s equal rights amendment.
Roe v. Wade broke it up because many feared women would go too far.
ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) (1990)
Get disabled people work and protection.
Mostly made up of Viet Nam veterans.
Someone’s physical or mental condition that seriously inhibits one’s daily life.
If the problem is curable, than it is not a disability.
Korematsu v. US, 1944
Dealt with the classification of race.
The classification of race is acceptable if it is the least restrictive means to a necessary goal.
Reed vs. Reed, 1971
Dealt with the classification of sex.
The classification of sex is acceptable if it is substantially related to an important goal
Bakke vs. Regents of University of California, 1986
Quotas -- a set number set aside for a certain race -- is unconstitutional.