• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/79

Click to flip

79 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Roughage is aka
fiber
The breast feeding mother should take prenatal vitamins to decrease baby's
chance of cancer
If mother is undergoing chemo or has infection, is it okay for her to breast feed?
no
Bottle preparation: Wash bottles in:
dishwater or hot soapy water (rinse well)
Bottle preparation: how should you clean nipples?
boil them
Bottle preparation: what if you have well water?
boil it (not necessary with city water)
Breast feeding is equivalent to how much exercise?
1hr cycling/swimming 30 laps
Formula preparation: Formula can be prepared in advance and stored in refrigerator for up to:
24h
Formula preparation: after feeding, do what with the unused formula?
discard it
Formula preparation: follow _________ for prepartion.
manufacturers
Formula preparation: never heat formula:
in microwave
Feeding and burping: Newborns start with ___-___oz each feeding
1-2
Feeding and burping: Increase amt. by 1/2 oz if:
baby seems hungry or finishes entire bottle
Feeding and burping: feed when formula is _________ or slightly _________
at room temp
warmed
feeding and burping: _____ ____ to be sure there are no hot spots
shake bottle
Feeding and Burping: check ___ for hole size and air
nipple
Feeding and Burping: Never prop bottle or
put infant to sleep with bottle.
Feeding and Burping: When should you burp the baby?
halfway through feeding
Feeding and Burping: _________ is normal.__________is not normal.
Spitting up
Vomiting
Frequency of feeding: __-__x per day
6-12
____________ is considered the best methoed of feeding in most circumstances
breastfeeding
Studies show that breastfeeding rates are most affected by ____ and ______ supplied by formula companies.
d/c materials
samples
Physiology of breastfeeding:
During pregnancy:
Estrogen and progesterone prepare breasts
Physiology of breastfeeding:
Following delivery, there is a fall in ______ which stimulates prolactin and stimulates milk production
progesterone
Physiology of breastfeeding: Post Partum: Infant suckin stimulates hypothalmus, which stimulates the posterior pituitary to release ______
oxytocin
Physiology of breastfeeding: Oxytocin causes:
let down reflex
An involuntary reflex during breastfeeding which causes the milk to flow freely
Let down reflex
Types of Milk: Colostrum: ____,____ (may be present before baby is born)
thick yellow
Types of Milk: Colostrum: high in ________ and high in __________.
immunoglobulins
protein
Types of Milk: colostrum: helps baby:
have first BM
Types of Milk: Transitional milk is high in: (5)
protein
vitamins
fat
lactose
calories
USDHHS breastfeeding goal for 2010:
-__% newborns
-__% at 6 months
-__% at 12 months
-75
50
25
Types of Milk: Mature milk: 90% _____. Needed for baby's hydration.
water
Types of Milk: Mature milk: 10% ___, ___, ___. Needed for growth and energy.
protein
fat
carbs
Types of Milk: Foremilk: Very beginning of feeding. It contains:
water
vitamins
protein
Types of Milk: Hindmilk: after initial release. It is necessary for growth. It's loaded with _____(=wt. gain)
fats
Assessment of Breasts: Breast tissue: observe for: (3)
size
color
contour
Assessment of Breasts: Breast tissue: Palpate to determine:
degree of firmness
Assessment of Breasts: Breast tissue: Day of delivery (PP day 1):
generally soft
Assessment of Breasts: Breast tissue: PP day 2:
filling
Assessment of Breasts: Breast tissue: PP day 3 ____ and ______. Then _______ happens.
firm and warm
engorgement
Assessment of Breasts: Nipples and Areola: assess for any: (4)
cracks
fissures
soreness
bruising
Assessment of Breasts: Nipples and Areola: If nipples have cracks, fissures, soreness or bruising, treat with _____ or _____. Do not use ______.
ointment/water
soap
Assessment of Breasts: Nipples and Areola: Assess to see if nipples are either:
inverted, everted
Nursing care for engorgement: Comfort measure for bottle feeding mothers:
tight bras
ice packs
cold cabbage leaves
Nursing care for engorgement: Comfort measure for lactating mothers:
warm compress (no more then 20 minutes)/shower
techniques to promote comfort
Breastfeeding: Determine if infant is eating enough.
If falling asleep, baby is exhausted from trying.
Benefits of lactation: Infant and mother: Breast milk contains just the right balance of ________ for the baby
nutrients
Benefits of lactation: Infant and mother: breast milk contains______to help baby resist certain infections.
antibodies
Benefits of lactation: Infant and mother: Breast milk is ____ to digest then commercial formula
easier
Benefits of lactation: Infant and mother: The nutrients in breast milk are _____ _______ than those in formula
more absorbable
Benefits of lactation: Infant and mother: Because breast fed babies have a digestive advantage over formula fed babies, they usually have ____,____ and ____ ____ diapers
smaller
softer
less smelly
Benefits of lactation: Key to Lactation success:
1. Need to be comfortable ________.
2. Need to view lactation as _______
3. ________ are excreted in breast milk
1. with own body
2. non sexual
3. medications
Whenever possible, _____ is the best choice for mother and baby
breastfeeding
________ block iron absorption
herbal teas
Full term caloric needs per day: ___-___kcal/kg body wt.
110-120
Full term caloric needs per day:___-___kcal/lb body wt.
50-55
9lb newborn = 4kg newborn

So
9 x ___
or
4 x ___
50
110
A 9lb newborn requires approximately ___kcal/day or 23oz formula/breast milk a day
450
breast milk and formulas have ___kcal/oz
20
What is the % of mothers who breast feed today?
70
___% of moms with gestational diabetes will develop diabetes later in life
60
When can baby start having foods from table?
8mo-1yr
From birth to 4months of age:
swallows/sucks liquid
3 major concerns of PP mom:
diet
exercise
sleep
whole milk is not recommended for 1st ____months, this will deplete ____stores.
12
iron
Nursing Moms should have:
___serving of vit c
___serving of milk/cheese
___-___servings of meats/poultry/fish/beans
___serving of veg/fruit
___serving of whole grain
1
3
3-4
5
7
Topical Yeast infection. Goes hand in hand with thrush. Most vulnerable women with vaginal yeast infections.
milial infections
If milial infection: treast mother and infant with ____ ___ ___ (____)
topical anti infective (nystatin)
Usually occurs within first three months postpartum, but it can happen at any time during breast feeding.
mastitis
mastitis tends to affect _________. The signs and symptoms can appear suddenly.
only one breast not both
Signs and symptoms of mastitis:

-General _______ or feeling ill
-______ of the breast
-___/___ sensation continuously or while breast feeding
-___ ____, often in a wedge shaped pattern
-fever of ___F or greater
malaise
swelling
pain/burning
skin redness
101`
Txt for Mastitis:
Avoid prolonged _____ before breast feeding.
engorgement
Txt for Mastitis: Use varied ______ to breast feed
positions
Txt for Mastitis: Drink plenty of
fluids
Txt for Mastitis: wear
supportive bra
Txt for Mastitis: for pain relief, mother may take a mild pain reliever such as ______ or _______
acetaminophen/ibuprofin
Txt for Mastitis: Keep
milk flowing in infected breast
mastitis generally occurs in 1st
3months