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150 Cards in this Set

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Kadmeia
original name of the city of Thebes
Cadmus
founder of Kadmeia
Boeotia
"cow land" area of Greece which Thebes is in
spartoi
"sown men" men who spring from the dragon teeth
autochthonos
someone who has the right to the land. Since the spartoi were born from the land they have the right to this
Ino, Autonoe, Agave, Semele
daughters of Cadmus and Harmonia
Labdacos
grandson of Cadmus who takes over the kingdom of Thebes
Laius
son of Labdacos who gets the kingdom when he is just a baby
Lykos
man who takes care of the kingdom until Laius is old enough
Amphion and Zethus
sons of Antiope and Zeus who rebuild Thebes
Amphion
musician
Zethus
herdsmen/warrior
Pelops
king who gices hospitality to Laius when he's in exile
Chryssipus
son of Pelops who Laius fools around with
Jocasta
wife of Laius
Oedipus
son of Laius and Jocasta. name means swollen foot
Corinth
Odepius is abandoned on a mountain and adopted by the king and queen of this place
Sphinx
a monster who is killing the people of Thebes if they cannot answer its riddle
Antigone and Ismene
daughters of Oedipus and Jocasta
Eteocles and Polyneices
sons of Oedipus who are to share the kingdom of Thebes by taking turns
Sophocles
a Greek playwright who wrote plays about Thebes
Oedipus Tyrranus
all about Oedipus as king of Thebes
Oedipus at Colonus
Oedupus as an old man who goes to Athens to die
Antigone
Oedipus's daughter who is killed for burying her brother
Creon
Jocasta's brother who rules Thebes when Oedipus dies
Tiresias
blind prophet who tells Oedipus that he killed his father and married his mother. Story of male and female snakes, etc.
Hero cult
worship of a heroic man who has died, ie Oedipus
chthonian
something from the earth, Hero cults are an example of it.
Theseus
king of Athens. First priest of the Oedipus cult
Arete
inner virtue
Tantulus
invites gods to dinner and feeds them a stew made from his own son, Pelops
Pelops
"man with ivory shoulder" Demeter ate a piece of his shoulder so when he was brought back to life he had a silver shoulder
Pelopnnesus
SW Greece where Peleips ends up. "Island of Pelops"
Elis
city where Peleops goes to win the princess in marriage
Oenamuaus
king of Elis, kills all suitors who cannot beat him in a chariot race. Pelops beats him
Hippodameia
princess of Elis, becomes wife of Elis
Myrtilus
Oenamaus's charioteer whom Pelops bribes to scriw up Oenamuas's chariot. Pelops promises him a "turn" with Hippodameia
Atreus and Thyestes
soms of Pelops. The kill him and are exiled to Mycenae
Aerope
wife of Atreus. Thysestes screws around with her
golden ram
whowcer has this is ruler of Mycenae. Thysestes seduces Atreus' wife to get this
Aigisthus
only child of Thysestes to survive. Atreus cooks Thysestes' other children in a stew for revenge for messing with Aerope
Clytemnestra and Helen
daughters of Leda and Tyndareus (Zeus)
Agamemnon and Menelaus
sons of Atreus and Aerope
Agamemnon marries who?
Clytemnestra
Menelaus marries who?
Helen
Electra, Iphigeneia, and Orestes
children of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra and Helen
Iphigeneia
daughter of Agamemnon who is sacraficed to Artemis at Aulis so the Greek fleet can continue to Troy
Paris Alexander
shepherd, Prince of Troy- Aphrodite wins the beauty contest he judges and promises him Helenm the most beautiful woman, so he goes to Sparta and kidnaps her.
Calchas
priest of Artemis who gives an oracle to sacrifice Iphigeneia
Clytemnestra
kills Agamemnon when he comes home from Troy
Orestes
Apollo's oracle who tells him to kill his mother (Clytemnestra)
Furies
the evil spirits who haunt Orestes after he kills his mother
Eumenides
after Orestes is found innocent a his trial (the first murder trial in Athens) the evil spirits turn good and are called this
Athena
casts the deciding vote in Orestes' murder trial
Abduction of Helen
Paris kidnaps Helen, the Trojan war starts
Princes of Greece
all of Helen's old suitors who vow to defend her and must now go fight in Troy
palinode version
a cloud image is taken by Paris to Troy and the real Helen goes to Egypt
draft dodgers
Odysseus and Achilles
Odysseus
pretends he is insane
Achilles
dresses up as a woman in to get out of going to Troy
Palamedes
the enlistment officer. He gets Odysseus by placing his son Telemachus in front of a plow
Aulis
the cite in Eastern Greece where the Greek forces assemble
Philoctetes
Greek solider who gets bitten by a snake and is exiled for the first nine years of war
Lemnos
island where Philoctetes spends his years of exile
bow of Hercules
Philoctetes has this and the Greeks need it to win
Priam and Hecuba
rulers of Troy
Paria Alexander
son of Priam and Hecuba. Shepherd on Mt. Ida
Hector
#1 Trojan hero, son of Priam and Hecuba
Andromache
wife of Hector
Astyanax
som of Hector, thrown from the walls after the war
Cassandra
daughter of Priam and Hecuba who propecizes and is never believed by others because Apollo puts a curse on her for not returning his affection
Triple A
Apollo, Agamemnon, Ajax, Cassandra's lovers
Polyxena
daughter of Priam and Hecuba who is sacrifced on Achilles' grave at the end of the war
Aeneas
a Trojan who survives the war and sails to Italy to found Rome
Agamemnon of Mycenae
leader of the Greek forces
Menelaus of Sparta
Agamemnon's brother, husband of Helen
Ajax I of Salamis
second strongest fighter
Ajax the II of Locris
rapes Cassandra, killed by Posiedon
Nestor of Pylos
oldest Freek soldier, always gives advice
Diomedes of Argos
attacks the Gods on the battlefield
Idomeneus of Crete
a volunteer and an expert archer
Odysseus of Ithaca
smartest warrior who invents the wooden horse
Achilles of Phthia
#1 Greek warrior
Chryseis
daughter of a priest of Apollo, Agamemnon's mistress who he has to give back, so he takes Achilles' instead
Briseis
Achilles' girl whom Agamemnon takes causing Achilles to refuse to fight anymore
Patroclus
Achilles' best friend who borrows his armor
Thetis
mother of Achilles who asks Hephaestus to make him a new set of armor so that he can go back and fight
shield of Achilles
Hephaestus makes a shield with a picture of two cities on it. One city is at peace while the the other is at war with scenes of fighting
armor of Achilles
after the death of Achilles the Greeks decide to give his armor to the bravest Greek, Odysseus wins it. But Ajax I thinks he should have gotten it. He decides to kill all the Greeks but Athena makes him crazy and he ends up killing a herd of cows instead. WHen he comes to his senses and realizes what he has done, he's humiliated and commits suicide
Achilles' heel
the only part of Achilles that is not immortal. Paris finds this out when he shoots him their with a poison arrow.
Apollo
god of music
Vulcan
architect, smith, armourer, chariot builder, artist of all work in Olympus
Titans
Saturn
Rhea
Oceanus
Hyperion
Iapetus
Ophion
Themis
Mnemosyne
Eurynome
Female Titans
Rhea
Themis
Mnemosyne
Eurynome
Male Titans
Saturn
Oceanus
Iapetus
Hyperion
Ophion
Match the following titans to the respective god of power:
Saturn
Oceanus
Hyperion
Jupiter
Neptune
Apollo
Hyperion
father of sun, moon, and dawn
Ophion and Eurynome
ruled over Olympus until Saturn and Rhea dethroned them
Metis
Prudence
Neptune
Poseidon
Pluto
Dis
Jupiter
king of gods, thunder and lightening weapon, aegis shield, and eagle was his favorite bird
Juno
Hera
Iris
goddes of rainbow
Juno`
wife of Jupiter, favorite bird was peacock
Ares
god of war, son of Jupiter and Juno
Phoebus Apollo
god of archery, prophecy,the sun and music, son of Jupiter and Latona, his sister was Diana
Diana
goddess of the moon
Venus
goddess of love and beauty, some say the daughter of Jupiter and Dione, others say she sprung from the foam of the sea. favorite birds include the swan,doves, and plants include the rose and myrtle
Cestus
girdle of Venus
Cupid
god of love, son of Venus
Anteros
god of slighted love, symbol of reciprocal affection
Minerva
goddess of wisdom, offspring of Jupiter alone, favorite bird was the owl and her fav. plant was the olive
Mercury
son of Jupiter and Maia, presided over commerce, wrestling, and gymnastic exercises including anything that required dexterity or skill. He was the messenger of Zeus and wore winged cap and shoes. invented the lyre from a tortoise
caduecus
Mercury's rod w/ two serpents
Ceres
daughter of Saturn and Rhea, had Prosperpine, ruled over agriculture
Prosperpine
qureen of the dead, wife to Pluto
Bacchus
god of wine, son of Jupiter and Semele. promoter of civilization and a lawgiver and lover of peace
Muses
daughters of Jupiter and Mnemosyne, presided over song and prompte the memory
Calliope
epic poetry
Clio
history
Euterpe
lyric poetry
Melpomene
tragedy
Terpsichore
choral dance and song
Erato
love poetry
Polyhymnia
sacred poetry
Urania
astronomy
Thalia
comedy
Fates
Clotho, Lachesis, Atropos
Fates`
spin and cut of human destiny when they pleased, daughters of Themis
Themis
law
Eurinyes/Furies
punished by secret stings the crimes of those who escaped of defied public justice and had heads wreathed in serpents
Furies names
Alecto, Tisiphone, Megaera, Eumenides
Nemesis
avenging anger of the gods
Pan
god of flocks and sheperds; favorite spot was in Arcadia
Momus
god of Laughter
Plutus
god of wealth
Sinon
a Greek who pretends to be a Greek deserter and lets the Trojans capture him. Tell the Trojans that the horse is an offering to Athena and to take it inside the city
Laocoon
a Trojan priest who warns that the horse is a trick. When he says this, two giant snakes come out of the sea and strangle him and his two sons. The Trojans take this as a sign that he was wrong and they take the horse in. When night falls. the Greeks, who had sailed away come back and the Greeks who were inside the horse come out, burn the city and kill all the Trojan men and enslave the Trojan women.
Neoptolemus
son of Achilles, goes to Lemnos, brings back Philoctetes so the Greeks can win the war. During the vurning of Troy, he murders Priam, the king of Troy
Faunus
god of fields and sheperds
Quirinus
war god
Bellona
war goddess
Terminus
god of landmarks
Pales
goddess of cattle and pastures
Pomona
goddess of fruit trees
Flora
goddess of flowers
Lucina
goddess of childbirth
Vesta
goddess of the hearth
Liber
Bacchus