• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/107

Click to flip

107 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Chaos
vacant and infinite space.
Void.
Eros
God of Love
Cupid
Ge/Gaia/Gaea
Goddess of the Earth
Uranos/Ournaos
God of the Sky.
Taken over by Kronos at Gaia's request.
Pontus
a personification of the Sea.
Tartarus
The deep dark place far below the earth.
Titans
The first children of Uranos and Ge.
Kronos
Cronus was the sky god and the chief god of the universe, after overthrowing Uranus at Ge's request .swallowed his and Rhea's children, except Zeus
Rhea
Earth Goddess and Titaness.
Married her brother Cronus.
Oceanus and Tethys
Titan/Titaness God of the River and sea. Mother of all River Gods.
Iapetos
Father of Prometheus and Epithemus . ancestor of the human race.
Themis
Zeus' 2nd wife. and Titaness. Goddess of justice, order, and the earth.
Mnemosyne
Titanness and Goddess of Memory.
Hyperion and Theia
Titan and Titaness. God of the Sun and Goddess of the Light.
Hekatonnchieres/ 100-Handers
Three children of Uranos and Ge. Had 100 arms and 50 heads. and threw 300 stones to conquer the Titans.
Cyclopes
Three Children of Uranos and Ge. Had one eye and were good in skill of metal and building. Were sent to tartarus along with the 100 Handlers
Typhoeus/Typhon
fire breathing, giant dragon/giant .
Prometheus
Titan who sided with Zeus during the war. But then decided to give fire to the mortals and Zeus punished him by having a giant eagle come eat at his liver each day.
Epimetheus
Prometheus' brother. He wasn't very bright.
Metis
first wife of Zeus. He ate her because she was going to have a girl, and then a boy. and after he ate her, he himself gave birth to a girl from his head.
Leto
was seduced by Zeus and then became pregnant. Hera was jealous and put her to exile. She could not find a place to give birth and she metamorphisized to find a place. Then once she found a place, she gave birth to Apollo. Who then killed Python.
styx
Underworld River Goddess.
Zeus
Son of Cronus and Rhea. He was substituted for a stone and hid in Crete. Became the supreme rule of the Gods and lords of the sky. Jupiter .
Hera
Zeus' wife. very jealous. queen of heaven. goddess of women, marriage, and childbirth.
Poseidon
God of the Sea.

Son of Rhea.
Hestia
virgin goddess of the hearth.
the fire burning of the hearth.
Muses
Zeus' daughters. Dancing, education. In the beginning of Hesoid's Theogany
Hekate
Three way. Goddess of the earth, moon, and underworld. Can also provide wealth to anyone who prays to her.
Fate/Fates
Clotho, Lachesis, Atropos
Start life, make weave of life's path, cut the thread to end life.
Ares
God of War. Son of Zeus and Hera.
Hebe
daugher of zeus and hera.
Personification of Youth.
Eileithyia
Goddess of childbirth.
Daughter of Zeus and Hera
Hephaestus/ Ambidexter
God of Fire and Metal working.
Hera gave birth to him independently.
Athena
Goddess of War. daughter of zeus and Metis.
Zeus gave birth to her through his head.
Aphrodite
Created from the genitals of Uranus. Goddess of love and beauty.
Artemis
sister of apollo. Goddess of Hunting and the Chase.
Apollo
Brother of Artemis.
God of music, archery, and poetry.
Hermes
Messenger of the Gods to the Humans.
Maia
Goddess of the Spring and the most Beautiful.
Priapus
Son of Aphrodite because Hera was dissatisfied with her conduct. He had large genitalia and is the god of fertility.
Ascelpius
God of medicine and healing
Demeter
Mother Earth. Mother Nature. Her daughter was taken and raped by Pluto with Zeus' consent. So she was angry and punished the lands of those who angered her and created famine on the earth.
Persephone
Demeter's daughter. Taken and raped by Pluto and taken down to Hades. Goddess of Death.
Hades
God of the Underworld
Helios
Sun God
Selene
Moon God
Marsyas
picked up the flute of Athena's and challenged Apollo to a music contest.
Silenus
fan of wine, and drunkenly revelries.
Pan
God of Flocks and Shepards
Hermaphrodite
God of Bisexuality, hermaphrodite.
Pandora
first mortal woman created by zeus and prometheus' brother married her. As a wedding gift she received a box. The box was full of sufferings and the box was opened and only hope was left.
Io
priestess to Hera that zeus seduced. She was turned into a white heifer and then traveled to the Nile , where zeus turned her back into her human form and they had sex and bore a child, who would become the king of egypt.
Argus
watchman with 100 eyes to keep over Io so she would not escape from Hera.
Deucalion
King of Phthia. Created men out of stones
Pyrrha
Deucalion's parner. Created women out of stones
Hellen
Deucalion's son
Lycaon
King of Arcadia. Son of pelasgus. He had 50 sons. Arrogant.
Pallas
sons of titans and married styx
Arachne
she was a spinner and weaver who helped turn an old lady into minerva. And worked together to make a tapestry.
Anchises
mortal lover of aphrodite. Prince from dardania.
Hippolytus
preferred artimes over aphrodite and to punish him aphrodite caused phaedra to seduce him and he said he was married and she killed herself. Then on his way down the road the curse laid upon him took effect and he was hurt in the charriot
Callisto
faught zeus for artemis to stay abstinent but zeus ravished her. She was raped by zeus and got pregnant. Hera turned her into a bear.
Arcas
Callisto and Zeus' child.Tried to kill his mother in bear form but Zeus prevented that.
Orion
a giant who could wade through the sea. Became blind trying to seduce a kings daughter and then tried to seek revenge but couldnt find the king and went to Crete with Artemis. Heliun restored his sight
Niobe
had 7 sons and 7 daughters and boasted about them to everyone and to Leto, who only had twins. Apollo then killed all her children. One or two survived
Cassandra
trojan prophetess. When she denied apollo's love, he turned her gift into a curse and no one believed her prophecies.
Sibyl
famous prophetess. She was given the power of prophesy and a thousand year life by Apollo. She forgot to ask for eternal youth and ended a hag living in a cave. She was 700 years old when she helped Aeneas
Pythia
priestess at delphi. Gave oracles in frenzied states and spoke gibberish.
Coronis
apollo's lover. She became pregnant but then cheated on him. A crow told him about the affair and apollo punished the crow and then killed the lovers and coronis.
Ampelus
A boy or young satyr who was loved by the god Dionysus. He fell to his death from a tree or was killed by a bull and transformed into the vine.
Daphne
apollo loved her and she asked mother earth to take her off the earth to avoid him,and to console apollo she left leaves and branches, in which he made a wreath.
Midas
At first, Midas was so delighted that every object turned into gold, making the Lydian king rich beyond his imagination, but the gift turned out to be a curse. He could not eat anything for his food also turned into gold.
After almost starving himself to death, Midas prayed to Dionysus to take away the golden touch. Dionysus answered his prayer by telling the king to bath in the Patolus River. Midas lost the golden touch, but the sand in the entire riverbed turned into gold.
Cosmos
Universe
Mt. Olympus
Highest mt. in greece that was home to the 12 olympian gods
Mecone
a sacrificial meal marking the "settling of accounts" between mortals and immortals, Prometheus played a trick against Zeus (545–557). He placed two sacrificial offerings before the Olympian: a selection of beef hidden inside an ox's stomach (nourishment hidden inside a displeasing exterior), and the bull's bones wrapped completely in "glistening fat" (something inedible hidden inside a pleasing exterior). Zeus chose the latter, setting a precedent for future sacrifices; henceforth, humans would keep the meat for themselves and burn the bones wrapped in fat as an offering to the gods. This angered Zeus, who hid fire from humans in retribution.
Athens
main city in greece.
Arcadia
place in greece that was home to the god Pan.
Aegis
large collar or cape worn in ancient times to display the protection provided by a high religious authority or the holder of a protective shield signifying the same
Parthenon
temple dedicated to the Goddess Athena
Cyprus
Island of Aphrodite
Delos
birthplace of apollo and artemis
Krisa/Crisa
apollo builds a temple there.
Delphi
the site of the Delphic oracle, the most important oracle in the classical Greek world, and a major site for the worship of the god Apollo after he slew the Python
Caduceus
staff carried by Hermes
Lyre
stringed musical instrument
Petasus
sun hat of Thessalian origin worn by the ancient Greeks, often in combination with the chlamys cape. It was usually made of wool felt, leather or straw, with a broad, floppy brim. It was worn primarily by farmers and travellers, and was considered characteristic of rural people. As a winged hat, it became the symbol of Hermes
Pomegranate
fruit of the dead.
fire
basic elements of the Universe.
anthropomorphic
attribution of human characteristics (or characteristics assumed to belong only to humans) to animals, non-living things, phenomena, material states, objects or abstract concepts, such as organizations, governments, spirits or deities
cosmology
birth of the universe
theogony
birth of the gods.
titanomachy
battle between the gods and the titans
gigantomachy
battle between gods and the giants.
Hieros Gamos
Sacred Marriage.
Succession Myth
myths to tell the succession of the gods and the universe.
etiological myth
a myth intended to tell the stories of the origin of something.
ages of man
stages of human existence on the Earth according to Greek mythology
Golden, Silver,Bronze, Heroic, Iron.
Hope/elpis
spirit of hope, zeus put in a jar and put in Pandora's box.
Piety
respect and reverence to the Gods.
Hubris
actions that shamed and humiliated the victim for the pleasure or gratification of the abuser
xenia
The concept of hospitality, or generosity and courtesy shown to those who are far from home
Trickster Gods
trickster is a god, goddess, spirit, man, woman, or anthropomorphic animal who plays tricks or otherwise disobeys normal rules and conventional behavior.
ithyphallic
penis erect.
apotropaic
to turn off or ward away evil.
Orphic Creation
scenario of the Cosmic Egg origin, but without the Creator Goddess, Eurynome (see Eurynome and Ophion).

Behind the myth, is the religion of salvation for the human's soul.
tragedy
form of drama based on human suffering that invokes in its audience an accompanying catharsis or pleasure in the viewing
sacrifice
offering of food, objects or the lives of animals or people to a higher purpose or to God or the gods as an act of propitiation or worship