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14 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
psychology
scientific study of a behavior and mental processes
empiricism
view that knowledge comes from experience from the senses, and science flourishes through observation and experiment
structuralism
early field, introspection to explore human mind
functionalism
focus on how mental and behavioral processes function and enable the organism to adapt, survive, and flourish
humanistic psychology
perspective that emphasizes growth of potential healthy people, methods personalized to foster growth
nature-nurture issue
controversy over relative contributions of genes and experience to psychological development and behaviors
natural selection
traits contributing to survival will survive and be reproduced
levels of analysis
differing complementary views or perspectives in psychology
biopsychosocial approach
integrated perspective of biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis
basic research
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base
applied research
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
counseling psychology
branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living and achieving well-being (work, school, etc)
clinical psychology
branch of psychology that studies, assesses. and treats people with psychological disorders
psychiatry
branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders, provide drug treatments as well as psychotherapy