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40 Cards in this Set

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Baal Shem Tov
18th c. rabbi - from Poland - founder of Hasidic Judaism
Birkas Shem Tov
yiddish grace after meals - four blessings said after any meal where bread is consumed
Chumas
hebrew - "five" - refering to first five books of the bible - also known as the Torah
Doorposts
Mezuzahs are attached to them so one can touch them as an act of prayer
Goy
yiddish - "gentile" or non-jew - plural=goyim and adj.=goyuische
Hanukkah
Hebrew - "dedication" - winter festival of lights
Hasidism
branch of judaism befinning in the 18th c. Poland and sought to renew the spiritual ardor of faith. hasid=pious one - special attention to the Rebbe=rabbi
Kibud ov
"Honor him" - refering to honor your father and mother
Kosher
term applied to food that is permissible to eat - closely dealing with preperation of meats
Krias shema
"declaration of the shema" - said in daily prayers three times a day and before sleeping at night
Matzos
"unleavened bread" or bread w/o yeast eater during the passover
Mezuzah
small container holding parchment with bible verses - religious jews entering the room touch these as an act of prayer - put on doorposts
Modeh ani
"I give thanks" - opening words of the prayer recited when waking in the morning
Passover Sedorim
home ceremonies held on the first night of Passover - consist of saying special blessing, eating certain foods, and discussion of holiday's meaning
Pesach
"Passover" - imp. jew. holiday marking deliverance of the Isrelites from Egypt
Purim
Jewish festival celebrating the deliverance of the Jewish people in the book of Esther
Reb
shortened form of rabbi and used as title of respect
Rebbe
can mean rabbi or teacher in hasidic goups- used as an honorific title as spiritual leader
Ribbono Shel Olam
"Master of the Universe"
Rosh Hashonoh
first of the year - celebrated in the fall
Shabbos
Sabboth - seventh day - day of rest
Shofar
ram's horm blown on special occasions such as the jewish new year
sidecurls
ringlets of hair worn in front of the ears by hasidic jews
simach torah
"rejoicing in the law" jewish holiday celebrating the completion of the annual reading of the Torah
Sitra Achre
other side; evil realm
Skullcap
small cap worn to symbolize reverence for God - some wear it all the time - some wear only during times of prayer
Succos
tabernacles or tents - jewish holiday marking end of th agricultual year - celebrated by eating all meals in a family tent outsid of home
Talmud
an ancient body of Jewish tadition, biblical interpretation and Jewish law that gives perscriptions for every aspect of life - divided into six orders which are divided into tractates
Tefillin
special bozes containing biblical passages bound over forehead and arms
Torah
first five books of bible which have a special place in Judaism
Yeshiva
school devoted to the study of Talmud
Yiddish
language sponken by Jews since the Middle Ages
Yoh Ribbon Olam
yiddish expression similar to Ribbono Shel Olam - Master of the Universe
Yom Kippur
"Day of Atonement" - most holy day of the Jewish year - fasting and examination of their life
Zimiros
psalms or hymns sung during and after the Sabboth meal.
Orthodox Judaism
observes the commandments of the Torah
reform Judaism
advocates the harmonization of Judaism with modern life by interpreting the commandments of the Torah more liberally
Mishnah
completed collection of the Talmud with oral traditions and interpretations
tractates
orders of the Talmud that are divided
zitzit
fringes of the Orthodow Jews garments