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478 Cards in this Set

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Posttest 6
Question 1
DSM IV includes a discussion of the differences between GAD and nonpathological anxiety. One difference is that, especially in adults, GAD is accompanied by physical symptoms. In addition, a person with GAD:
a. feels he or she caused the problems underlying worries
b. makes repeated, but unsuccessful attempts to avoid anxiety arousing stimuli
c. experiences anxiety that is unrelated to specific events/actions
d. finds it difficult to control his or her worrying.
d. finds it difficult to control his or her worrying.
EPPP Posttest 6
Question 3 - I/O
In terms of incremental validity, which of the following siutations most supports the use of a new predictor:
a. moderate base rate with many applicants and few job openings
b. low base rate with many applicants and few job openings
c. moderate base rate with few applicants and many job openings
d. low base rate with few applicants and many job openings.
a. moderate base rate with many applicants and few job openings
EPPP Posttest 6
Question 4
To test the spatial perception of a two month old infant, a researcher compares the infant's heart rate as he is being lowered over the shallow and deep sides of the visual cliff. Most likely, theis researcher will find that:
a. the infant is not able to distinguish between the deep and shallow sides
b. the infant exhibits greater fear ( afaster heart rate) when over the deep side
c. the infant exhibits greater interest ( a slower heart rate) when over the deep side
d. heart rate is not a useful measure of spataial perception in infants
c. the infant exhibits greater interest ( a slwoer heart rate) when over the deep side
Posttest #6
Question 5
A person with anosgognosia will
a. be unable to recognzie parts of her own body
b. unable to recognize familiar faces
c. deny the paralysis in her left leg
d. report an area of blindness in her left visual field
c. deny the paralysis in her left leg
Posttest 6
Question 6
Primacy in the context of the serial position effect:
a. is due to transfer of information from short to long term memory
b. is due to interference that prohibits transfer from short to long term memory
c. is due to the repetition of information so that it is maintained in short term memory
d. is due to distractions that make it difficult to retrieve information from LT memory
a. is due to transfer of information from short to long term memory
Posttest 6
Question 10
The Buckley Amendment
a. establishes the right of the school psychologist to determine who should have access to information included in school records
b. establishes the right of parents to inspect the school records of their children
c. establishes the right of patients of their legal representatives to have access to their hospital records
d. required that parental consent be obtained before a student can be subjected to a psychological or psychiatric examination
b. establishes the right of parents to inspect the school records of their children
Posttest 6
Question 11
Which of the following are required by DSM-IV for a diagnosis of Antisocial Personality Disorder:
a. a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others that began prior to age 15 plus a current age of 16 or older
b. a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others that began prior to age 15 plus a current age of 18 or older
c. a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others since age 14, a history of conduct symptoms prior to age 14, plus a current age of 16 or older
d. a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others since age 15, a history of Conduct Disorder symptoms prior to age 15, plus a current age of 18 or older
d. a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others since age 15, a history of Conduct Disorder symptoms prior to age 15, plus a current age of 18 or older
Posttest 6
Question 12
When using Atkinson, Morten and Sue's (1993) racial/cultural identity develpment model, a person's stage of identity develpment is determined by:
a. identifying his/her degree of acceptance of the minority and majority cultures
b. assessing the amount of contact he/she normally has with members of the minority and majority cultures
c. assessing his/her attitudes toward the minority and majority cultures
d. evaluating his/her reaction to racial oppression
c. assessing his/her attitudes toward the minority and majority cultures
Posttest 6
Question 13
A transformational leader defines a goal to employees in a way that imbues the goal with meaning and purpose. This is referred to as:
a. priming
b. escalating commitment
c. framing
d. positioning
c. framing
Posttest 6
Question 14
According to Kohlberg's cognitive theory, gender identity development involves three stages that occur in the following order:
a. stability, constancy, identity
b. constancy, stability, identity
c. identity, constancy, stability
d. identitty, stability, constancy
d. identitty, stability, constancy

I See Clearly!!!
Posttest 6
22. Research on Helm's white racial identity development model has shown that white therapists are most effective in cross-cultural counseling situations when they are in which stage of identity development:
a. the stage that matches the clien'ts stage of identity develpment
b. the stage that complements the client's stage of identity development
c. the reintegration stage
d. the autonomy stage.
d. the autonomy stage.
Posttest 6
25. Vinny Vibrissa is unable to recognzie familiar objects by touch. This is most likely due to damage to his:
a. prefrontal cortex
b. mesencephaon
c. temporal lobe
d. parietal lobe
d. parietal lobe
Posttest 6
26. Inspection of an examinee's K-corrected MMPI-2 profile reveals that she obtained a T score of 65 or above on the majority of the clinical scales. Which of the following is the most likely explanation for this profile:
a. the examinee has randomly selectred true and false responses
b. the examinee has answered true to all questions
c. the pattern indicates malingering
d. the pattern indicates diffuse pathology
a. the examinee has randomly selectred true and false responses
Posttest 6
27. YOu conduct an item analysis of the items you plan to include in anew test of computer knowlege. YOu obtain a p-value of .85 for item #47. This indicates that this item:
a. is difficult
b. is easy
c. has poor dicrimination
d. has good discrimiation
b. is easy
Posttest 6
28.Dr. Looby receive a letter from the Ethics Committee stating that the Committee has received a complaint from a current client who is concerned about Dr. Looby's office staff and procedures. The client has found two members of the staff to be consistently rude, and they have made comments to her that imply they have access to confidential informaton. Dr. Looby should:
a. discuss the matter with the staff members.
b. set up an appointment with the client to discuss the matter
c. send a letter of apology to the client and inform her that changes will be made.
d. respond to the Committee in writing.
d. respond to the Committee in writing.
Posttest 6
29. A 68 year old woman is having problems retaining new information (although she denies any trouble with her memory), has become uncharacteristically irritable, and isn't interested in her usual activities. A PET scan is negative and in terms of WAIS III factors, she obtains the lowest scores on Processing SPeed and Perceptual Organization. The most likely diagnosis for this woman is:
a VaD
b. Pseudodementia (Major Depression)
c. AD
d. normal aging (no diagnosis)
c. AD
Posttest 6
30. According to Troiden (1988), homosexual identity development involves which of the following stages:
a. confustion, comparison, acceptance, synthesis
b. sensitization, confusion, assumption, integration
c. dissonance, immersion, introspection, integrated awareness
d. dissonance, acceptance, assumption, integration
b. sensitization, confusion, assumption, integration

So Clearly Am I gay...
Posttest 6
32. Research by Gerald Patterson, John Reid, and their colleages at the Oregon Social Learning Center ahs found that the likelihood that parental punishment will increase a child's aggressive behavior is greatest when the child is:
a. high in aggressiveness
b. low in fearfulness
c. high in anxiety
d. low in intelligence
a. high in aggressiveness
Posttest 6
34. You are hired by a university to teach a graduate seminar in the psychology department. In terms of the Ethics Code, you are explicity required to do which of the following:
a. ensure that the course content reflecs the most recent research in the area
b. ensure that accurate inforation about the seminar is available to all interested parties
c. ensure that the seminar content is consistent with the inteters and needs of the students
d. ensure that the grading and evaluation of students ifs fair
b. ensure that accurate inforation about the seminar is available to all interested parties
Posttest 6
37.The best conclusion that can be drawn about biodata as a selection technique is that:
a. it is the best predictor of organizational behavior for entry level managers, middle level managers, and nonmanagers
b. it is a very good precitor of some aspects of organizational behavior, but additional research is needed to clarify which aspects it is best for predicting
c. it is a very good predictor of organizational behavior only when an applicant is applying for a job that is similar to his/her previous jobs.
d. it is a poor predictor for nonmangagers but an acurate predictor of some aspects of organizational behavior for mangerial level applicants
b. it is a very good precitor of some aspects of organizational behavior, but additional research is needed to clarify which aspects it is best for predicting
Posttest 6
39. In AD neuron loss ocurs throught the brain. However, the greatest loss is in which of the following areas:
a. medial temporal lobe
b. anterior parietal lobe
c. medial occiptital lobe
d. posterior frontal lobe
a. medial temporal lobe

You hope it is TEMPORARY
Posttest 6
40. You recieve a court order requesting that you provide information abouta 17 year old client who is currently the defendant in a court case. YOu discuss the request with the client but he refuses to sign a waiver of confidentiality. You should
a. refuse to provide the court with the requested ifnromation until you obtain a waiver from the client
b. refuse to prvide the courst with the requested infromation until you obtain a waiver form the client's attorney or legal guardian
c. prvide the court only with infromation that you belive will not be harmful to the client
d. provide the court with the requested information
d. provide the court with the requested information
Posttest 6
43. In the contexgt of Holland's theory of vocational choice, a high degree of differentiation:
a. reflects an uncommon or unusual pattern of interests
b. refelects a common pattern of interests
c. increases the predictability of the person-environoment interaction
d. decreases the predictability of the person-environment interaction
c. increases the predictability of the person-environoment interaction
Posttest 6
45. The beneficial effects of a phenothizanie would most likely be apparent first for which of the following symptoms:
a. hallucinations
b. social withdrawal
c. anergia
d. thought disorder
a. hallucinations
Posttest 6
46. A person with Korsakoff's syndrome will:
a show greater decrements in implicit memory than explicit memory
b. show greater decrements in explicit than implicit memory
c. show a simliar degree of impairment in implicit and explicit memory
d. show a similar degree of impairment in implicit and explicit memory for recent memories only
b. show greater decrements in explicit than implicit memory
Posttest 6
47. In her discussion of African American middle class families, Boyd Franklin (1989) notes that in terms of family roles, these families tend to be:
a Patriarchal
b. matriarchal
c. egaliatarian
d. linear
c. egaliatarian
Posttest 6
50. To reduce the symptoms of tradive dyskinesia, which of the following would be most effective:
a. a drug that decreases dopamine levels
b. a drug that increases norepinephrine levels
c. a drug that decreases GABA levels
d. a drug that increases serotonin levels
a. a drug that decreases dopamine levels
6-#51
A diagnosis of Male Erectile Disorder requires:
a. a loss of or decrease in the ability to attain an erection
b. an inability to attain an erection in any cirumstance
c. an inability to attain or maintain an erectuon until completion of sexual activity.
d. an inability, for at least two weeks, to attain or maintain an erection until completion of sexual activity
c. an inability to attain or maintain an erectuon until completion of sexual activity.
6-#57
Research on cigarette smoking has found that:
a. only 50% of self quitters remain abstinent for two or more days following an attempt to quit
b. the nicotine patch and other forms of nicotine replacement therapy are beficial only for smokers who are highly nicotine dependent
c. on the average, men and women gain 6 and 8 pounds, repsectively, after they stop smoking
d. the risks for coronary and lung disease fall to about the same as those for people who never smoked three to five years after a smoker quits smoking
c. on the average, men and women gain 6 and 8 pounds, repsectively, after they stop smoking
6-#58
A person with post-traumatic amnesis will show greater impairment in:
a. verbal memory
b. spatial memory
c. sensory memory
d. implicit memory
a. verbal memory
6-61
The duration of post-traumatic amnesia (PTA):
a. is unrelated to the severity of the injury
b. is useful as an indicator of severity only when combined with the degree of retrograde amnesia
c. is less accurate as an indicator of severity than the degree of retrograde amnesia
d. is more accurate as an indicator of severity than the degree of retrograde amnesia
d. is more accurate as an indicator of severity than the degree of retrograde amnesia
6-67
The left hemisphere of the cerebral cortex is dominant for speech and language functions:
a. for most left handers but few right handers
b. for nearly all left-handers and many right-handers
c. for nearly all right handers and the majority of left handers
d. for nearly all right handers but a small minority of left handers
c. for nearly all right handers and the majority of left handers
6-71
A brief period of electrical stimulation of the hippocampus enhances nerve cell electrical activity in that area of the brain for minutes to hours. This is referred to as:
a. graded otentiation
b. hyperpolarization
c. absolute refractory period
d. long term potentiation
d. long term potentiation
6-73
Which of the following would be a cause of conductive deafness:
a. infection of the middle ear
b. damage to the hair cells
c. cochlear damage
d. lesions in the auditory cortex
a. infection of the middle ear
6-75
Brain lateralization begins to develop by:
a. the first year of life
b. the second year of life
c. the third year of life
d. the age of 5
a. the first year of life
6-76
Research on attraction suggests that we are most likely to join a gropu when members are:
a. similar in terms of attitude and ability
b. dissimilar in terms of attitudes and ability
c. similar in terms of attitude but diverse in terms of ability
d. diverse in terms of attitude but similar in terms of ability
a. similar in terms of attitude and ability
6-78
"Group polarization" occurs when
a. group members are slit in their solution to a problem
b. group members make riskier decisions as a group than they would have as individuals
c. group members make more extreme decisions (riskier or conservative) as a group than they would have as individuals
d. group members are encouraged to think alike and all dissent is discouraged
c. group members make more extreme decisions (riskier or conservative) as a group than they would have as individuals
6-79
A woman who suffers from recurrent migrains shoudl be advised to:
a. take an assertivness training class
b. determine if certain foods precede her headaches
c. avoid becoming chilled
d. perform relaxation exercises immediately following stressful events
b. determine if certain foods precede her headaches
6-83
IF an adult takens phenobarbital every night for six weeks and then abruptly stops taking the drug, what will be the most likely result:
a. she will not experince any change in REM slee
b. she will experience an increase in REM sleep
c. she will experience a decrease in REM sleep
d. she will experience an increased need for sleep
b. she will experience an increase in REM sleep
6-85
Research investiagating the impact of maternal employment on parent-child interactions has shown that mothers who are employed full-tim
a. describe their sons and daughters more favorably than mothers who are unemployed
b. describe their sons and daughters more negatively than mothers who are unemployed
c. describe only their sons more positively than mothers who are unemployed
d. describe only their daughters more positively than mothers who are unemployed
d. describe only their daughters more positively than mothers who are unemployed
6-88
The venom of the black widow spider is believed to cause violent and uncontrollable muscle contractions by affecting the activity of which of the following neurotransmitters:
a. acetylcholine
b. norepinephrine
c. enkephalin
d. serotonin
a. acetylcholine
6-96
Which of the following orders from least decline to most decline) best represents the changes in WAIS subtest scores that can be expected to occur with increasing age:
a. information, object assembly, arithmetic
b. coding, picture completion, comprehension
c. information, vocabulary, object assembly
d. object assembly, vocab, info
c. information, vocabulary, object assembly
6-97
The results of a longitudinal study designed to assess the relationship between age and intelligence is most likely to find that:
a. general IQ begins to decline in the early 20s
b. crystallized intelligence shows more decrements than fluid intelligence beginning in early adulthood
c. measures of reasoning and word fluency begin to show declines in scores ooner than measures of verbal meaning and number
d. declines in reasoning, word fluency, verbal meaning, and number usually begin between the ages of 30 and 40
c. measures of reasoning and word fluency begin to show declines in scores ooner than measures of verbal meaning and number
6-105
A child in the preoperational stage of development
a. carefully follows the rules when playing a game
b. vies death as a bogeyman that can be outwitted
c. thinks objects disappear when they have been hidden from view
d. treats objects as symbols of things (e.g., dolls as babies)
d. treats objects as symbols of things (e.g., dolls as babies)
6-107
Which of the following is NOT true about Tourette's Disorder?
a. symptoms are likely to be lifelong
b. treatment often involves the administation of neuroleptics
c. symptoms cannot be voluntarily suppressed
d. symptoms tend to wax and wane
c. symptoms cannot be voluntarily suppressed
6-108
To maximize the usefulness or propts to faciliate the development of stimulus control, you would do all of the folloiwng except:
a. make sure prompts focus attention on the discriminative stimulus
b. use the weakest or least intrusive prompts possible
c. fade the prompts as rapidly as possible
d. make sure the prompts involve keeping the discriminative stimulus constant while changing the nature of the S delta stimulus
d. make sure the prompts involve keeping the discriminative stimulus constant while changing the nature of the S delta stimulus
6-109
In distinguisghing Social Phobia from Agoraphobia, it is important to keep in ind that:
a. the presence of panic attacks is more indicative of Agoraphobia than Docial Phobia
b. Agoraphobia involves anxiety in multiple social settings, while Social Phobia is restricted to one or a few settings
c. a diagnosis of Social Phobia in adults is made only when the individual is aware that his/her anxiety is unreasonable
d a diagnosis of Agoraphobia in individuals over 18 requires a duration of symptoms fora at least 6 months
c. a diagnosis of Social Phobia in adults is made only when the individual is aware that his/her anxiety is unreasonable
6-115
The need for physical guidance with possible resultant negative consequences (e.g., aggressive or avoidance bheaiors =) is addociated with which of the following:
a. aversive counterconditioning
b. negative practice
c. response cost
d. overcorrection
d. overcorrection
6-117
Research examining the roles of raters' expectations on their ratings ahs found that when ratees are equal in actual level of perfomrance:
a. raters assign lower ratings to ratees who perform worse than they expected than to ratees whose performance matches their expectations
b. raters assign lower ratings to ratees who perform better than they expected than to ratees whose performance matchers their expectations
c. raters assign lower ratings to ratees who perform worse or better than they expected than to ratees whose performance matches their expectations
d. raters assign higher ratings to ratees who perform better than they expected and lower ratings to ratees who perform worse than they expected than to ratees whose performance matchers their expectations
c. raters assign lower ratings to ratees who perform worse or better than they expected than to ratees whose performance matches their expectations
6-120
Research on job satisfaction suggests that if:
a. is a relatively stable trait ans is minimally affected by job changes
b. is relatively stable within the same job but unstable when measured across different jobs
c. is relatively unstable and varies over time both within the same job and across different jobs.
d. may be stable or unstable within and across jobs depending on the characteristics of the particular worer
a. is a relatively stable trait ans is minimally affected by job changes
6-121
During the first few sessions with a male client, you learn that he ahs trouble maintaining frienships and is disturbed by this since he doesn't like being alone, has frequent mood shifts, gets very angry about even minor irritations, isn't sure what he wants to do with his life and has had three different jobs in the past 2 years. Based on this information, the best diagnosis is:
a. Borderline
b. Narcisstic
c. Histrionic
d. Schizoid
a. Borderline
6-125
A psychologist who views learning as the result of operant conditions would likely attribute the acquisition of complex behaviors to which of the following:
a. chaining
b. stimulus control
c. higher order conditioning
d. stimulus generalization
a. chaining
6-127
A behavioral therapist is using positive reinforcement to increase a desired behavior. AFter the behavior is well-established, the psychologist switches from a continuous schedule of reinforcement to an intermittent one. This technique is referred to as:
a. thinning
b. fading
c. shaping
d. inoculation
a. thinning
6-128
A woman and her husband, who have been married for 2 years, come for marital therapy. The woman complains about her husband's lack of interest in family acitivites and in their 9 month old child, his lack of affection towards her, and his lack of interest in sex. The husband, who says he did not want to come to therapy at all, states he is a longer, that he has always had few friends, and that he has never really been interested in his family. He seems quite aloof and emotionally unresponsive. Your tentative diagnosis is:
a. avoidant
b. schizoid
c. schizoaffective
d. dysthymic
b. schizoid
6-136
Tom, a 35 year old TV repairment, becomes extremely upset whenever his boss and co-workers say something unfavorable about his work and is very uncomfortable whenever he feels he is being watched at work. He reports having oly one close friend who he says he is very afraid of losing. Tom rarely leves the house except to go to work and he tells you that one of the reasons is because he is not av very good driver and he fars he'll get into a car accident. Based on this information, the best diagnosis for Tom is
a. Schizoid
b. Schizotypal
c. Avoidant
d. Dependent
c. Avoidant
6-142
Schizophrenia is typicaly charactierized by profound distrubances in thinking, affect perception, and psychomotor behavior. it is generally believed that a poor prognosis for shcizophrenia is associated with all of the following except:
a. onset in late adolescence
b. acute onset of symptoms
c. lack of emotional responsivity
d. OC symptoms
b. acute onset of symptoms
6-143
When conducting research with human subects, a psycholoist should be aware that:
a. subjects must be debriefed promply after their participation in the study
b. subjects must be debriefed after their participation in a study only when the study has involved deception
c. subjects must be debriefed promptly if possible or if necessary to dealy the debriefing, psychologists must reduced the risk for harm
d. the decision to debrief is left to the psychologist and involves considering the risk for harm to subjects if they are not debriefed
c. subjects must be debriefed promptly if possible or if necessary to dealy the debriefing, psychologists must reduced the risk for harm
6-144
You are a psychodynamic psychotherapist and are seeing a client who has several problems. One of these problems has been found to respond best to a behaviorl technique. You should:
a. seek supervision when applying the technique
b. take a class on the technique
c. make a referral to a behavioral therapist
d. discuss the issue with the client and decide what she wants to do
c. make a referral to a behavioral therapist
6-153
The goals of Gestalt therapy include helping the client recognize and satisfy needs and accept polarities that exist within his/her personality. A psychologist using a Gestalt approach would consider the key to achieving these goals to be which of the following:
a. congruence
b. awareness
c. positive regard
d. cognitive restructuring
b. awareness
6-164
When conducting a research study, you want to ensure that you will detect a difference between the treatment group and the control (no treatment) group. Therefore, you will
a. decrease error variance by decreasing the magnitude of the IV
b. increase experimental variance by controlling the effects of an extraneous variable
c. increase experimental variance by increasing the mangitude of the IV
d. decrease the probability of making a Type II error (retaining a false null hypothesis) by increasing beta
c. increase experimental variance by increasing the mangitude of the IV
6-166
Dr. Hire, a psychologist who heads the personnel committee at a mental health facility, recommends that a spcyhologist who has an unresolved charge of sexual harassment against him not be considered for a promotion. In terms of teh guidelines of the Ethics code, Dr. Hire
a. has acted ethically since SH is explicitly prohibited by the Code
B. acted ethically as long as he is willing to consider the psychologsit for promotion if he is acquitted of the SH charge
c. has acted unethically by violating the explicit requirement of the Code that psychologists not deny promotion on the basis of pending SH charges
d. has acted unprofessionally but has not violated any provision of the Ethics Code
c. has acted unethically by violating the explicit requirement of the Code that psychologists not deny promotion on the basis of pending SH charges
6-167
Use of the Kuder Richardson Formula 20
a. is appropriate for assessing the reliability of speeded tests
b. is inappropriate for assessing the reliability of speeded tests because it produces a spuriously high reliability coefficient
c. is inappropriate for assessing the reliability of speeded tests because it produces a spuruiously low reliability coefficient
d. is not used to assess the reliability of any type of TEST
b. is inappropriate for assessing the reliability of speeded tests because it produces a spuriously high reliability coefficient
6-169
When working with elderly clients, it is important to remember that
a. psychotherapy, especially insight-oriented therapy is generally ineffective
b. there is greater variability among older people than younger people on a range of characteristics
c. a therapeuitc alliance is particularly difficult to establish, especially when the therapist is young
d. all of the above
b. there is greater variability among older people than younger people on a range of characteristics
6-170
In terms of DSMIV the NOS categorization is appropariate in all of the following situations ecept:
a. symptoms are below the diagnostic threshold for a specific disorder
b. there is uncertainty as to whether the disorder is due toa GMC is substance induced or is primary
c. the available information is adequate only for a "working diagnosis"
d. there is insufficient opportunity to complete data collection but symptoms seem to fit a particular diagnostic class
c. the available information is adequate only for a "working diagnosis"
6-171
Whenever a mother yells at her child when he is whining, the boy stops for a short period. Over time, the mother notices that she's having to yell at her son more and more often to keep the boy from whining. The boy is controlling his mom's behavior through
a. positive reinforcement
b. negative reinforcement
c. positive punishment
d. negative punishment
b. negative reinforcement
6-173
A test is administered to 200 examinees and the distribution of raw scores is normal. If the examinee's raw scores are converted to percentile ranks the number of examinees who obtain percentile ranks between 91 and 95 will be:
a. equal to the number of examinees who obtain percentil ranks between 51 and 55
b. less than the number of examinees who obtain percentile ranks between 51 and 55
c. more than the number of examinees who obtain percentile ranks between 51 and 55
d. cannot be determined
a. equal to the number of examinees who obtain percentil ranks between 51 and 55
6-174
A research psychologist designs a study that involves hospitalized schizophrenic patients. Before beginning the study, he obtains signed informed consents from the patietns' legal guardians. The psychologist has acted:
a. unethically since he has breached the patients' confidentiality
b. ethically as long as the patients are allowed to withdraw from the study at any time
c. ethically as long as he has also obtained permission from the pts
d. ethically, since all a psychologist must obtain in this case is the informed consent of legal guardians
c. ethically as long as he has also obtained permission from the pts
6-175
As the standard deviation of the criterion scores increases:
a. the standard error of the measurement increases
b. the standard error of measurement decreases
c. the standard error of estimate increases
d. the standard error of estimate decreases
c. the standard error of estimate increases
6-176
The Zeigarnik effect is most likely to occur
a. under stressful conditions
b. under nonstressful conditions
c. in familiar circumstances
d. in unfamiliar circumstances
b. under nonstressful conditions
6-178
Research on goal setting theory suggest that monetary incentives
a. are irrlevant to goal achievement as long as the goals have been accepted by employees
b. are irrelvant to goal achievement as long as the goals have been self-set by employees
c. have a positive effect only if employeees particpate in determining the ddifficulty of the goals
d. have a positive effect whether or not employees have been involved in goal setting
d. have a positive effect whether or not employees have been involved in goal setting
6-179
Research on shiftwork sugggests that:
a. all tasks, regardless of complexity, are performed more efficiently and accurately on the day shift
b. simple monotonous tasks are ordinarily performed equally well on day or night shifts
c. complex mental tasks involving short term meomorymay be performed better on night shifts than on day shifts
d. performance on complex (vs. simple) tasks is most negatively affcted by rotating shifts
c. complex mental tasks involving short term meomorymay be performed better on night shifts than on day shifts
6-181
The predictions of goal-setting theory appear to be most accurate for:
a. easy tasks and people high in need for achievement
b. easy tasks and people low in need for achievement
c. complex tasks and people high in need for achievement
d. complex tasks and people low in need for achievement
a. easy tasks and people high in need for achievement
6-183
Change through therapy is accompanied by stress and the therapeutic system must be capable of dealing with it. This statement was made by:
a. Glasser
b. Bowen
c. Adler
d. Minuchin
d. Minuchin
6-188
When assessing the reliability and validity of a job selection test, your sample includes current employees who are all doing fairly well on the job. The nature of your sample will most likely have which of the following effects:
a. it will inflate the reliability and validity coefficients
b. it will deflate the relaiability and validity
c. it will nflate the reliability and deflate the validity
d. it will deflate the reliability and inflate the validity
b. it will deflate the relaiability and validity
6-192
An assumption for a one way ANOVA is violated. The best course of action would be to use which of the following to analyxe the date:
a. Mann Whitney
b. Vilcoxon
c. Kruskal Wallis
d. Scheffe
c. Kruskal Wallis
6-194
A young man is found guilty of driving while intoxicated and is required by the court to receive in-patient treatment at an alcohol rehabilitation center. As a therapist working at the rhabilitation center, ou should be aware that:
a. it is not necessary to have the man sign an informed consent since his treatment is court ordered
b. it is not necessary to have the man sign an informed consent because he has apparently volunarily chosen treatment rather than some other form of puishment
c. it is not necessary to have the man sign an informed consent since no information should be given to the court in this situation under any cirumstances
d. it is necessary to have the man sign a release of infromation before releasing any information to the court
d. it is necessary to have the man sign a release of infromation before releasing any information to the court
6-199
A psychologist conducts a custody evaluation for a divorce proceeding.
In terms of making a specific recommedation about custoyd, the psycholgist should:
a. avoid making a recommendation and instead leve the final decision to the court
b. make a recommendation only if the assesment has involved procedures that have been validated for this purpose
c. make a rec only if he/she was not retained by on eof the parents but was retained by the court
d. make a rec only if it based on adquate psych data and consideration of the best interest of the child
d. make a rec only if it based on adquate psych data and consideration of the best interest of the child
8-2
With regard to the DSM, the term polythetic refers to
a. the fact that an individual can exhibit only a suset of the diagnostic criteria for a disorder to be assigned that diagnosis
b. the fact that disorders are characterized by both core and associated syptoms
c. the requirement that culture and other individual factors be considered before assigning a specific disgnosis
d. the fact that some individuals have symptoms that fit the diagnostic criteria for 2 or more disorders
a. the fact that an individual can exhibit only a suset of the diagnostic criteria for a disorder to be assigned that diagnosis
8-8
Piaget's concrete operational stage of development is characterstic of children aged:
a. 2-7
b. 5-8
c. 7-11
d 10-15
c. 7-11
8-18
A listerner who is processing a persuasive message peripherally (using the peripheral rout) is most likely to be persuaded by the message if she is
a. bored
b. in a good moood
c. in a bad mood
d. emotionally unstable
b. in a good moood
8-19
To assess the effectiveness of differential reinforcement for alleviating a child's bad habits (nail biting, thumb sucking, hair pulling, pencil chewing) the best research design would be which of the following:
a time series
b. Solomon four group
c. multiple baseline
d. reversal
b. Solomon four group
8-28
Dr. D. Centt is conducting a study to investigate the effectiveness of a brief behavioral treatment for reducing self-mutilation in young women. The treatment involves 20 hourly sessions that will be administered once a week for 20 weeks. Dr. Centt randomly assigns women with a history of self-mutilation to either the treatment group or the no-treatment control group. After women in the treatment group have completed only six sessions, he finds that the treatment has nearly elimated their self-mutilating behaviors. In contrast, nearly all of the women in the control group report multiple incidents of self-mutilations since the study began. As an ethical psycholoist, Dr. Centt's best course of action would be to:
a. continue the study as long as the women in the control group signed informed consents at the onset of their participation
b. continue the study but offer the treatment to the women in the control group at the end of the study
c. ddiscontinue the study and offer the treatment to the women in the control group immediately
d. try to get the restuls of the study published as soon as possilbe so that the effectiveness of the treatment is recognized.
c. ddiscontinue the study and offer the treatment to the women in the control group immediately
8-30
Childhood-onsent OCD:
a. is about equally common in boys and girls
b. is four times more common in girls than boys
c. is two times more common in girls than boys
d. is more common in boys than girls
d. is more common in boys than girls
8-31
The DSM IV TR diagnosis of Transient Tic Disorder requires all of the following except:
a. the presence of one or more motor and/or vocal tics
b. a duration of symptoms for no more than six consecutive months
c. an onset of symptoms prior to 18 years of age
d. the diagnostic criteria for Tourette's Disorder have never been met
b. a duration of symptoms for no more than six consecutive months
8-33
Statistics released by the CDC in the last several years consistently indicate that among African American males, those aged 25 to 44 are at highest risk for suicide. However, the most recent statistics, which report data in terms of more preceise age groups, indicate that the highest rate for these individuals is for those aged:
a. 15-19
b. 20-24
c. 25-34
d. 35-44
b. 20-24
8-38
Neo-Piagetian theories of cognitive development differ from Piaget's theory in terms of their:
a. emphasis on info processing
b. emphasis on the role of social influences
c. rejection of a stage model of development
d. rejection of Piaget's notion of domain specificity
a. emphasis on info processing
8-39
Vygotsky's approach to cognitive develpment has had the greatest influence on which of the following:
a. the reciprocal teaching method
b. the teaching for understanding method
c. the use of computer adaptive instruction for children with learning disabilities
d. getnetic explanations for cogntive development
a. the reciprocal teaching method
8-41
In the last 3 decades:
a. the infant mortaility rate has declined but the proportion of infant deaths caused by congenital malformations has increased
b. the infant mortaility rate and the proprotion of infant deaths caused by congential malformations have both declined
c. the infant mortaility rate has increased but the proportion of infant deaths caused by congential malformations has declined
d. the infant mortaility rate and the proprotion of infant deaths caused by congential malformations have both increased
a. the infant mortaility rate has declined but the proportion of infant deaths caused by congenital malformations has increased
8-42
L-Dopa acts as a:
a. dopamine agonist
b. dopamine antagonist
c. dopamine neurotoxin
d. dopamine metabolite
a. dopamine agonist
8-49
Group decisions tend to be better than decisions made by individuals when
a. the task requires a high degree of creativity
b. the group is highly cohesive
c. the group consists of members with complementary expertise
d. the group has a directive leader
c. the group consists of members with complementary expertise
8-53
A friend of yours says, "Every time I plan aa picnic with my family, it rains." Assuming this is not really true, your friend's statement best illustrates which of the following:
a. self-fulfilling prophecy effect
b. illusory correlation
c. hindsight bias
d. fundamental attribution bias
b. illusory correlation
8-55
Berscheid's (1983) emotion-in-relationship model proposes that strong positive emotions are more likely to be elicited in the initial stages of a relationship than in later stages because:
a. in the early stages, the partners have limited information about each other's undesirable qualities
b. in the early stages, each partner is more likely to do something that is both positive and unexpected
c. in the early stages the parters work harder to be sensitive to ech others needs
d. over time people become emotionally immune to the behaviors of others.
b. in the early stages, each partner is more likely to do something that is both positive and unexpected
8-57
Obtaining research subjects for a study on the sexual practices of single young adults from computer dating services, singles clubs and activities for singles sponsored by a variety of organizations would help increase
a. statistical power
b. statistical significance
c internal validity
d. external validity
d. external validity
8-61
A memory in sensory memory:
a. has been converted to an iconic form
b. has been converted to an echoic form
c. is in the form of the original stimulus
d. is in the form of a memory trace
c. is in the form of the original stimulus
8-73
Erikson proposed that an adolescent who doesn's successfully resolve the psychosocial conflect of identity versus identity confusion due to uncertainty about his/her sexual identity is liekly to exhibit which of the following maladaptive responses:
a. compulsion
b. inertia
c. disdain
d. repudiation
d. repudiation
8-73
As described by Piaget, a child in the autonomous stage of moreal development believes that:
a. rule violations will be punished
b. rules can be changed by consensus
c. rules can be changed by authorities only
d. rules are made to be broken
b. rules can be changed by consensus
8-76
A person with damage to the cerebellum is most likly to experience
a. acute pain
b. an inability to control body temperature
c. a loss of coordination
d. changes in the sleep/wake cycle
c. a loss of coordination
8-77
The complete loss of color vision resulting from a lack of functioning cone cells is referred to as:
a. color agnosia
b. akinetopsia
c. prosopagnosia
d. achromatopsia
d. achromatopsia
8-78
Recent research on visual imagery has linked it to which of the following structurs of the brain:
a. putamen
b. hippocampus
c. reticular formation
d. basal ganglia
b. hippocampus
8-79
Which of the following best describes the impact of pay on motivation from the perspective of equity theory:
a. pay is important only to the extent that it helps satisfy the employee's most prepotent need
b. an employees's perception about the fairness of pay is more important than the absolute amount of pay
c. an employee's perception regarding the link between performance and pay influences the impact of pay on motivation
d. pay is an insignificant contributor to an employee's level of motivation
b. an employees's perception about the fairness of pay is more important than the absolute amount of pay
8-80
According to Donal Super, carer maturity reers to:
a. the final stage of career development
b. the ability to accomplish the tasks of each stage of career development
c. the ability to make relistic career choice
d. th acquisition of skills needed to successfully perform one's chosen job
b. the ability to accomplish the tasks of each stage of career development
8-81
Recent research on the effects of normal aging on WAIS III scores indicates that:
a. Verbal IQ begins to decline in the mid 40s
b. Perfromance IQ begins to decline in the mid 20s
c. verbal and performance IQ begin to show significant declines in the mid 30s
d. verbal and performance IQ do not show significant declines until the mid 60s
b. Perfromance IQ begins to decline in the mid 20s
8-89
PKE is an inheirited disorder that can cause MR in
a. only in individuals who are homozygous for the condition
b. only in persons who are heterozygous for the condition
c. in individuals who are either homozygous or heterozygous for the condition
d. only in individuals whose parents are both homozygous for the conditions
a. only in individuals who are homozygous for the condition
8-90
Research conducted by Mamie and Kenneth Clark in the 40s led to their conclusion that
a. for young black children, recognition of thier race is linked to low self esteem
b. distrust of whites by adolescent and adult blacks is a helathy, adaptive respnse to racism
c. young black children do not begin to forma a racial identity until they enter school
d. when compared to white chidlren black children exhibit accelerated motor development during the first three years of life
a. for young black children, recognition of thier race is linked to low self esteem
8-92
Damage to the postcentral gyrus is most likely to impair which of the following:
a. sense of touch
b. motor coordination
c. vision
d. executive cogntivie functions
a. sense of touch
8-93
In terms of drug use a person is exhibiting habituation when he/she:
a. has developed physical dependence on the drug
b. requires higher and higher doses of the drug to achieve the same effects
c. has a desire to continue using the drug with little or no desire to increase the amount of the drug
d. experiences reduced sympoms following dessation of the drug due to multiple withdrawal experiences
c. has a desire to continue using the drug with little or no desire to increase the amount of the drug
8-95
Hippocampus is to explicit memory as what is to implicit memory:
a septum
b. thalamus
c. medulla
d. cerebellum
d. cerebellum
8-96
As described by Krumboltz (1996) career counseling involves
a. assessing the individual's self-concept and then identifying careers that match his/her self-concept
b. helping the individual trnsition from the anticipation/preoccupation phase to the implementation phases of career development
c. instilling an attitude of self-development in the individual so that he/she can adapt to changing work rquirments in the future
d. helping the individual successfully accomplish the tasks of his/her current stage of career development
c. instilling an attitude of self-development in the individual so that he/she can adapt to changing work rquirments in the future
8-97
A new selction test is apparently having an adverse impact on females To determine if the adverse impact is being caused by unfairness you would check
a. the predicture socres obtained by males and females
b. the slopes of the regression lines for males and females
c. to see if the language used in the test is biased
d. to see if the measure of job performance is biased
a. the predicture socres obtained by males and females
8-98
OCD and OCPD share which of the following symptoms:
a. prominent obsessions
b. repetitive rituals
c. risk aversion
d. emotional rigidity
b. repetitive rituals
8-99
Anxiety sensitivity consists of 3 factors - physical concerns, psychological conserns, and social concerns. Research compairing males and females on these factors ahs found that:
a. males score higher than females on all three factors
b femalse score higher than males on all three factors
c. males score higher on physical conerns while females score higher on psychological and social concerns
d. females score higher on physicla conerns while males score higher on psychological and social concerns
d. females score higher on physicla conerns while males score higher on psychological and social concerns
8-100
The suicide rates for white males are higher than those for Native American males for all age groups except for males between the ages of
a. 10-19
b. 20-29
c. 40-49
d. 60-69
a. 10-19
8-101
An elderly man has a stroke involving the middle cerebral artery. His symptoms will likely include:
a. memory impairment and cortical blindness with denial of the disability
b. contralateral weakness and sensory loss in the leg, amnesia, and personality change
c. contralateral weakness and sensory loss in the arm and face, expressive aphasia and visual disturbances
d. visual agnosia and alexia without aphasia
c. contralateral weakness and sensory loss in the arm and face, expressive aphasia and visual disturbances
8-103
Sleep Terror Disorder and Sleepwalking Disorder shar in common wich of the following:
a. both occur during REM sleep
b. both are followed by amnesia for the event
c. both are related to a general medical condition
d. both are classified in DSM IV TR as Dyssomnia
b. both are followed by amnesia for the event
8-104
A manager engaged in long-range planning for his company is very confident about a strategic plan he has developed for the future. In this situation, the approach-avoidance conflict model predicts that, as it gets closer to the time to implement the plan
a. the positive aspects of the plan will increase in strength for the manager while the negative aspects decrease
b. the negative aspects of the plan will increase in strength for the manager while the positive aspects decrease
c. the positive and negative aspects of the plan will both increase in strength for the manager, but the negative aspects will increase more
d. the positive and negative aspects of the plan will both decrease in strength for the manager, but the positive aspects will decrease more
c. the positive and negative aspects of the plan will both increase in strength for the manager, but the negative aspects will increase more
8-109
The most common cause of dementia in the elderly is:
a. Vascular Dementia
b. AD
c. Dementia due to Nurtirional Condition
d. Dementia due to Endocrine Disorder
b. AD
8-113
A waiter is waiting on a group of professors from the local university. Being familiar with social loafing theory and desiring the largest tip possible, the waiter hopes that:
a. each professor will leave his/her own tip
b. the professors will contribute anonymously to a group tip
c. the professors will disucss how much tip to leave
d. one of the professors will volunteer to leave the tip for all of the professors
a. each professor will leave his/her own tip
8-114
A practitioner of nonsexist therapy
a. interprets a client's behavior in terms of soical, politicaland cultural forces
b. stresses the egaliatrian nature of the therapeutic relationship
c. views gender as a key deterinant of behavior
d. uses non-biased techniques designed to promote personal growth
d. uses non-biased techniques designed to promote personal growth
8-115
In terms of long-term effects, the most successful treatment for functional enuresis is:
a. fluid restriction and night lifting
b. night alarm
c. synthetic antidiuretic drup
d. antidepressangt drug
b. night alarm
8-120
Rapid withdrawal from Inderal, a non-selective beta-blocker is
a. an acceptable, and sometimes preferable, method of withdrawal
b. not recommended because it can produce severe bradycardia and hypotension
c. not recommnded because it can cause palpitations, headaches, and tremulousness
d. not recommended because it can cause restlessness, irritability and mania
c. not recommnded because it can cause palpitations, headaches, and tremulousness
8-121
Carol Gilligan considers adolescnese to be a particularly crucial period for girls because it involves a conflict between:
a. loyalty to girlfriends and growing interest in boys
b. self-centeredness and concern abou tothers
c. individual characteristics and stereotypc role demands
d. independence and dependence on others
c. individual characteristics and stereotypc role demands
8-123
The majority of adolescent suicide victism suffer from some form of psychpathology, especially an affective disorder. Ther risk for suicide increases when an affective disorder:
a. is accompnaied by ADHD, Conduct Disorder, or Substance Abuse
b. is accompanied by ADHD, an axniety disorder, or an eating disorder
c. is accompanied by substance dependence or an impulse control disorder
d. involves "double depression"
disorder:
a. is accompnaied by ADHD, Conduct Disorder, or Substance Abuse
8-124
Probably the best way to reduce aggression in children is to:
a. have them engage in strenouse physical activity
b. build empathy toward potential victims
c. teach alternative nonaggressive responses
d. model prosocial behaviors
c. teach alternative nonaggressive responses
8-125
When working with an African-American family the best approach is to:
a. focus on parent-child subsystems initially
b. rely on non-directive nonstructured techniques
c. adopt a multisystems approach
d. use a combination of individual, nucleaer family and extended family sessions
b. rely on non-directive nonstructured techniques
8-126
Which of the following is generally considered the best defense for a spcyhologiset in cases of litigation
a. licensure
b. adequate records
c. informed consent
d. liability insurance
b. adequate records
8-127
Research examining the effects of divorce suggest that maladjustment in children following the divorce of their parents is most likely the result of
a. the parent's separation
b. parental discharmony
c. disruption in lifestyle
d. diminished parental control
b. parental discharmony
8-129
When using cluster sampling, you:
a. make sure that the proportion of subjects sampled from each identified group matches the proprotion of individuals in the population
b. systematiclaly sample every kth element ineach target group until the desired sample size is obtained
c. first divide the population into relevant segments and then randomly sample from each segmnet
d. identify and then randomly select naturally-occuriring groups of subjects from the population
d. identify and then randomly select naturally-occuriring groups of subjects from the population
8-130
During aversive conditioning an US is repeatedly presented just prio to a conditioned stimulus. As a result, which of the following will occur:
a. the target behavior will eventually be eliminated
b. the target behavior will eventually be suppressed
c. the target behavior will paradoxically increase
d. the target behavior will not change in frequency
d. the target behavior will not change in frequency
8-131
You receive a request from the attonrey of a former client of yours for rw test data that you collected while seeing the client over a 2 year period. The client has singed a waiver, and the information is needed in a court case in which the client is the plaintiff in a personal injury claim. You should:
a. release only the information you believe to be relevant to the current claim
b. release gthe data to the client rather than to the client's attorney
c. release the data only t to a professional who is qualitifed to interpret it
d. provide the attorney with an interpretation along with the requested raw test data
c. release the data only t to a professional who is qualitifed to interpret it
8-135
In Major Depressive Disorder, REcurrent, psychosocial stressors
a. play a more signfiicant role in the preceiptiation of initial episodes
b. play a more singificant role in the precieptioation of later episodes
c. play a similar role in the precieptioation of episodes throughout the duration of the disorder
d. have an unpredictable effect on the precipitation of episodes throughout the duration of the disorder
a. play a more signfiicant role in the preceiptiation of initial episodes
8-138
To reduce a 5 year old's nightime fear of the dark, the most effective treatment would be
a. coping self-statements and positive imagery
b. in vivo exposure with response prevention
c. stress inoculation
d. systematic desensitization
a. coping self-statements and positive imagery
8-141
With regard to informed consents in research, APA's Ethics Code:
a. requires psychologists to provide potential research subjects with specific information in reasonable understandable language prio to consenting to participate
b. requires psychologist to ensure that potential research subjects understand the information they have been given prior to consenting to participate
c. requires psychologists to provide potential research subnects with specific information prior to consenting to participate
d. requires psychologists to procide potential research subjects with specific information in reasonably understandable language and to endsure that they undrstand the information prior to consenting to participate
a. requires psychologists to provide potential research subjects with specific information in reasonable understandable language prio to consenting to participate
8-142
A treatment for depression that is based on Rehm's self control theory is most likely to include
a. having the client keep a record of automatic thoughs
b. having the client keep a record of positive experiences
c. helping the client replace irresponsible behaviors with responsible ones
d. helping the client replace irrational self-statements with alternative, rational ones
b. having the client keep a record of positive experiences
8-149
According to Yalom, in group therapy, increasing intimacy and willingess to self-disclose and greater adherence to group norms are the result of:
a. cohesiveness
b. universlity
c. identification
d. group transferences
a. cohesiveness
8-150
For a client or former client to successfully bring a charge of malpractice against a spcyhologist, he/she must show that:
a. the psycholgist practiced in a way that could have led or did lead to harm
b. the psychologist knowlingly or deliberately acted in a way that led to harm
c. the psychologist's actions were the cause of a demonstrable injury
d. the psychologist did not adequately warn the client of the possible negative consequences of the treatment
c. the psychologist's actions were the cause of a demonstrable injury
8-153
In vivo exposure with response prevention (flooding) and impolosive therapy are both based on:
a. mediated generalization
b. graded desensitzation
c. counterconditioning
d. classical extinction
d. classical extinction
8-155
Traditional Native Americna social organization is best described as:
a. linear
b. bilateral
c. nuclear
d. collateral
d. collateral
8-158
According to Aaron Beck, the core link between depression and suicide is:
a. learned helplessness
b. lack of social suport
c. severe symptoms
d. feelings of hopelessness
d. feelings of hopelessness
8-161
A systemic family therapist uses circular questionin in rder to a. obtain unbiased info from family members
b. help family members recognize differences in their perceptions
c. refocus the attention of family members to the here and now
d. obtain information about the family's transactional patterns and style
b. help family members recognize differences in their perceptions
8-165
You have been seeing a couple in therapy for 6 months. The wife cals you and says she wants to start seeing you for indiviudal sessions also. You should
a. bring up this possibility in th next couples session
b. tell her you cannot see her individually until coules therapy is over
c. refer her to another therapist for individual therapy
d. make an appointment with her to determine if her problem warrants indivdual therapy
a. bring up this possibility in th next couples session
8-166
The belief that distorted schema develop early in life and leave the individual susceptible to depression or other disorders when faced with stress is most consistent with the views of
a. Lewinsohn
b. Beck
c. seligman
d. rehm
b. Beck
8-167
During your first session with a client, she revelas that she's been seeing another therapist for the past four months. The woman seems unsure about why she has come to you. Your est course of action would be to:
a. continue seeing the client and help her clarify her motives and goals for coming to see you
b. explain to the client that it would be unethical to see her while she is receiving similar services from another therapist and discontinue seeing her
c. contact the other therapist to see if your seveics are redundant and if they are tell the client you cannot continue seeing ehr while she is seeing the other theraist
d. help the client clarify her reasons for seeing both you and the other therapist and then evaluate whether it is appropriate for her to continue seeing both of you
d. help the client clarify her reasons for seeing both you and the other therapist and then evaluate whether it is appropriate for her to continue seeing both of you
8-168
An advantage of a 2 way factorial design over a 1 way design is that it leads to a more powerful test by
a. reducing withn cell variange
b. increasing within cell variance
c. reducing between cell variance
d. increasing between cell variance
a. reducing withn cell variange
8-169
Dr. A, a psychologist, provides office space and secreatarial services to Dr. B, a newly licensed psycholist in exchagne for 25% of the fee that Dr. B. collects from his patients. Dr. A begins referring clients to Dr. B. and charges him 35% for the referred clients, this is:
a. unethical becuase the rarrnagemnet violates APA's prohibition agianst "fee splitting"
b. unethical becuase th epercentage that Dr. A. is charging Dr. B is exploitative
c. ethical only if the larger fee for referred clients reflects increased sots to Dr. A for making referals to Dr. B
d. ethical because the arrangement does not violate the provisions of th Ethics Code regarding referral fees
c. ethical only if the larger fee for referred clients reflects increased sots to Dr. A for making referals to Dr. B
8-170
Relaxation training seems to be less effective than biofeedback for trating which of the following disorders
a. chemostherapy-induced nausea and vomiting
b. tension headaches
c. sthma
d. raynaud's deisease
d. raynaud's deisease
8-171
You evaluate the effects of a training program and the satisfaction of trainees in order to determin what changes in teh program are needed to achive maximum effectivenss. This is an example of:
a. needs assessment
b. functional analysis
c. summative evaluation
d. formative evaluation
d. formative evaluation
8-173
Investigators have identified 3 types of cries in newborns - the hungry cry, angry cry, and pain cry. Moreover, it has been found that by what moth of age, most infants begin to emit a fussy or irrgular cry
a. 1-2
b. 3-4
c. 5-6
d. 7
a. 1-2
8-177
Research on the effects of TV viewing on the behavior of child viewers gugest that:
a. viewing antisocial TV shows increases antisocial behaviors but viewing prosical TV shows has little or no effet on prosocial behaviors
b. viewing antisocial TV shows has little effect on antisocial behaviors but viewing prosocial TV shows increases prosocial bheaivors
c. viewng antisocial TV shows increases antisocial behaviors and viewing prosocial tV shows increases rosocial behaviors even more
d. viewing antisocial TV shows or prosocial TV shows has little impact on subsequent antisocialor prosocial behaviors
c. viewng antisocial TV shows increases antisocial behaviors and viewing prosocial tV shows increases rosocial behaviors even more
8-178
Raw test data refers to
a. test scores
b. test stimuli and test scores
c. test stimuli, test scores, and the examinees' responses to test items
d. test scores and written reorts and intepretations based on those scores
c. test stimuli, test scores, and the examinees' responses to test items
8-179
The gradual decline in the intensity, frequency or duration of a response to the repeated presentation of the same stimulis is called
a. satiation
b. inhibition
c. fading
d. habituation
d. habituation
8-185
A school psychologist is contacted by the father one of the school's students. He informs the psychologist that the family is moving to another state and request that whe provide him with a copy of his child's records. The psychologist should
a. provide a copy of the records to the father as requested because he has a legal right to them
b. provide a copy of the reocrds to the father in a sealed envelope that is marked confidential and insturct him to give it to the school psychologist at the new school
c. request the name and address of the new school and forward the records to the schol psychologist once the family has moved
d. refust to release a copy of the reocrds because they are the property of the school.
c. request the name and address of the new school and forward the records to the schol psychologist once the family has moved
8-186
Whcih of the following would NOT be useful for increaing a tests reliability coefficient:
a. increasing the sample variance
b. ensureing that the average p value is close to .50
c. increasing the heterogeneity of the content domain
d. increasing the number of items from 50 to 100
c. increasing the heterogeneity of the content domain
8-188
The ability to perform some intellectual tasks aears to declien during adulthood, while for other tass, ability seems to remain about the same or een increase. Of the following which is likely to shown the greatest decilne with increasing age:
a list learning memory
b. verbal comprhension
c. arithmetic skills/speed
d. general inforamation
a list learning memory
8-193
A patient exhibits emotional blunting, social withdrawal, eccentric behavior and mild loosiening of associations. Of the types of Schizophrenia, these symptoms are most suggestive of which of the following:
a. catatonic
b. undifferentiated
c. disorganzied
d. residual
d. residual
8-194
With regard to fees in forensic settings the specialyt guidelines for forensic psychologists :
a. mandate that psychologists do not provide services to participants in a legal proceedings on the basis of contingent fees
b. recommend that psychologs do not provide servies to participatns in a legal proceeding on the b aseis of contingent fees wexcept when those servicec involve expert testimony
c. recommend that psychologists don't provide services to participants involved in a legal proceeding on the basis of contingent fees except when such fees are compatible with current standards of practice
d. do not explicitly address the issue of providing services to participants in a legal proceeding on the basis of continegent fees
a. mandate that psychologists do not provide services to participants in a legal proceedings on the basis of contingent fees
8-197
An insurance company is conducting a peer review and request that you provide it with information abou a current client whose fe is being paid by the company. In this situation, you are best advised to:
a. procide the company with the requested information ionly if the client is willing for you to do so.
b. provide the company with only that information you believe to be pertinent to the review
c provide the complany with the relevant information after ensuring that it is aware of the ened to maintain confidentiality
d. provide the company with the requested ifnroation because the client waived cofnidentiality when he/she signed the insurance form
c provide the complany with the relevant information after ensuring that it is aware of the ened to maintain confidentiality
7-1
Which of the following is most likely to be true when a 23 year old man experiences delusions, hallucinations, inappropriate affect, and disorganized thinking, but has little change in intellectual functioning?
a. the man is not likely to responde well to a traditional antipsychotic drug
the man has a poor (versus relatively good) prognosis
c. the man's symptoms are most likely due to a neurotransmitter (versus brain structure) abnormality
d some of the man's symptoms were first apparent during adolescence.
c. the man's symptoms are most likely due to a neurotransmitter (versus brain structure) abnormality
7-2
A couple comes to therapy complaining that their conversations always end up as arguments. In talking with the couple, you realize that a common pattern is for one partner to make an offensive comment to the other and for the other partner to respond with an even more offensive remark. The pattern of communication is referred to as:
a. symmetrical
b. complementary
c. mystification
d. pseudohostility
a. symmetrical
7-4
A child who has just profressed into Kohlber's conventional level of moral development has been caught stealing from other children at school. The child's parents would be best advised to do which of the following to discourage the child's stealing:
a. tell her that she will receive a present at the end of each week that she does not steal
b. help her understand how the children she steals from feel about having their things taken
c. tell her that stealing is against the law
d. haver her personally return the stolen items to their owners
b. help her understand how the children she steals from feel about having their things taken
7-5
Which of the following is true about the sleep of older adults?
a. Older people have less REM sleep but more stage 3 and 4 sleep
b. older people have a decreased need for sleep
c. older people often exhibit an advanced sleep phase
d. Older people often exhibit a delayed sleep phase
c. older people often exhibit an advanced sleep phase
7-6
According to Tiedeman and O'Hara (1963) career development involves 2 phases anticipation and preoccupation - that each consist of several stages. Moreover, during these stages, the individual:
a. attempts to achieve a balance between integration and differentiation
b. compares his/her own abilities and performance to an external standard to help decide future goals
c. make choices that are based primarily on his/her level of self-awareness
d. makes choices based on his/her needs, which are determined primarily by family and other environmental factors
a. attempts to achieve a balance between integration and differentiation
7-12
In their often cited study of community mental health services and ethnicity, Sue and his colelagues (1991) found that with regard to treatment outcomes
a. Mexican and African Americans whow substantially less improvment than Anglo and Asian Americans
b. Mexican Americans show somewhat less improvement that African, Anglo, and Asian Americans
c. African Americans show somewhat less improvement than MExican, Anglo, and Asian Americans
d. Mexican, Afrcan and Asian Americans show less improvement than Anglo Americans
c. African Americans show somewhat less improvement than MExican, Anglo, and Asian Americans
7-13
A university freshman would be best advised ro rely primarily on which of the following when studying for his Psychology 101 final exam:
a. overlearning
b. stimulus coding
c. imagery
d. elaborative reheasrsal
d. elaborative reheasrsal
7-14
Research investigating the outcomes of parenting style for adolescents has found that the strength of the relationship between authoritative parenting and adolescent scholastic achievement is modertated most by which of the following:
a. gender
b. ethnicity
c. age
d. SES
b. ethnicity
7-15
Cocaine is believed to exert its effects primarily by:
a. increasing dopamine levels
b. decreasing serotonin levels
c. increasing sensitivity to epinephrine
d. decreasing sensitivity to norepinephrine
a. increasing dopamine levels
7-18
A message is likely to be most persuasive when:
a the listener is in a bad mood and the message is in the lister's latitude of noncommitment
b. the listener is in a neurtral mood and the message is in the listener's latitude of noncomitment
c. the listner is in a good mood and the message is in the listener's latitude of acceptance
d. the listener is in a neutral mood and the message is in the listener's latitude of acceptance
c. the listner is in a good mood and the message is in the listener's latitude of acceptance
7-19
A new client says she wants you to giver an IQ test so that she can use the results to join MENSA. You administer the test, but she obtains an IQ score of only 105. The client asks you to give her the test results so that she can destroy them, and she informs you that she is going to be retested by another psychologist. You should:
a. give the original record of the test results to the client as requested
b. destroy the original record of the test results yourself
c. tell the client you will forward the original record to the other psychologist
d. give the client a sumary of the test results and retain the original record in your files.
a. give the original record of the test results to the client as requested
7-22
Which of the following is true abou sensory memory:
a. information is retained for only 1/4 to 2 seconds
b. without rehearsal, info is retained for only 1 to 3 seconds
c. with attention, information is retained for up to 30 secodns
d. with rehearsal information can be retained indefinitely
a. information is retained for only 1/4 to 2 seconds
7-24
For some patients with mild to moderate AD tacrine hydrochloride (Cognex) or donepezil hydrochloride (Aricept) will have beneficial effects on memory and reasoning. These drugs exert their effects by:
a. increasing ACh levels
b. increasing serotonin levels
c. decreasing GAB A levels
d. decreasing glutamate levels
a. increasing ACh levels
7-25
If the court deterines that a selection procedure is having an adverse impact a company:
a. can no lnger use the procedure
b. can use the procedure if there is evidence that the adverse imact represents fair deiscrimination
c. can use the procedure only if there is evidence that it is job-related
d. can use the procedure only if there is evidence that it is valid and there are no alternative procedures
d. can use the procedure only if there is evidence that it is valid and there are no alternative procedures
7-27
During a court-ordered evaluation of a defendant to determine his competency to stand trial, the defendant reveals information that confirms his guilt. The psychologist conducting the evaluation should:
a. include this information in his evaluation report since the evaluation was court-ordered
b. include the information in his evaluation report because privilege is waived whenever a defendant's mental status is part of the defense
c. include only information relevant to the defendant's competency in the evaluation report
d. not provide any information to the court without a waiver of confidentiality from the defendant of his attorney
c. include only information relevant to the defendant's competency in the evaluation report
7-31
In Ainsworth's strange situation, a 2 year old shows little distress when her mother leaves the room and ignores her when she returns. Most likely, this mother is:
a. neglectful or physically abusive
b. depressed
c. impatient or overstimulating
d. a single parent
c. impatient or overstimulating
7-32
Which of the following is least likely to e caused by damage to the temporal lobe:
a. disturbances in language comprehension
b. deficits in long term memory
c. changes in sexual behavior
d. deficits in response inhibition
d. deficits in response inhibition
7-33
A potential difficult with Holland's theory of vocational choice is that, in terms of cross-cultural vocational counseling, it:
a. doesn't take into account the possibiliity that certain occupational environments may not be available to members of minority groups
b. doesn't take into account the possibility that members of some minority groups are more likely to have a collectivistic orientation
c. doesn't recognize that self-concept may be affected to some degree by level of acculturation
d. hasn't been shown to accurately predict states of vocational development for members of minority groups
a. doesn't take into account the possibiliity that certain occupational environments may not be available to members of minority groups
7-38
A depressed client says she feels worthless and unlikable and every time she treis to do something to make things better, she is faced with barriers put up by her parents, boss, etc, who don't seem to recognize her efforts. In terms of the third component of Beck's cognitive tiread, you would expect the client to also say:
a. other people are out to get her
b. she had a lousy childhood
c. she feels that things will never change
d. nothing seems to maker her feel good
c. she feels that things will never change
7-39
The goodness of fit model proposed by Thomas and Chess is supported by which of the following research findings:
a. Participation in goal-setting is associated with higher levels of effort primarily for those who are low in need for achievement
b. Therapist-client matching in terms of ethnicity has a positive effect on therapy outcome only for clients who have a strong ethnic identity
c. Parents who adopt an authoritative style are likely to have children who obtain high scores on measures of self-esteem, peer popularity, and scholastic achievement
d. irritable temperament in children is predictive of insecure attachment only when mothers are not socially supportive
d. irritable temperament in children is predictive of insecure attachment only when mothers are not socially supportive
7-40
Following a head injury, a middle-aged man experiences a loss of sensation in the fingers of his left hand. Most likely the damage involves the
a. postcentral gyrus
b. precentral gyrus
c. lateral fissure
d. precentral sulcus
a. postcentral gyrus
7-41
In the area of psychometrics, banding has been proposed as a method for
a. increasing reliability
b. reducing false positive
c. improving incremental validity
d. remedying adverse impact
d. remedying adverse impact
7-45
For a therapist relaying on Beck's cognitive approach to treat a client suffering from an Anxiety Disorder, the initial cognitive restructuring will most likely focus on
a. reattribution
b. cogntive rehearsal
c. thought stopping
d. decatastrophizing
d. decatastrophizing
7-46
A number of studies have been conducted to determine the stability of the Big Five personality traits during adulthood. Overall the best conclustion that can be drawn from these studies is that:
a. neurotocism declines while extroversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness increase with increasing age
b. N remains about the same while E, C. O and A decline with increasing age
c. A and N increase, while E, O, and C decrease with increasing age
d. N,E, A,C, and O do not change substantially with increasing age
d. N,E, A,C, and O do not change substantially with increasing age
7-47
Problems involving sensation in the innter forearm and the ring and little fingers are most likely due to spinal injury at the _____ level.
a. L1
b. S1 to S4
c. T2 to T12
d. C8 to T1
d. C8 to T1
7-50
The effectiveness of an intervention for cigarette smoking is most related to
a. duration of smoking
b. gender and age
c. family history of cigarette smoking
d. level of dependence
d. level of dependence
7-52
A psychologist tells the parents of an 8 year old to give him a time out each time he torments his little sister. The parents find that, over time the child needs less and less time in the time out to calm down and apologize for his behavior. The boy's behavior is being conrolled by which of the following:
a. negative punishment
b. negative reinforcement
c. stimulus control
d. stimulus fading
a. negative punishment
7-53
Which of the following statements illustrates animistic thinking?
a. step on a crack, break your mom's back
b. my knees are shaking, so I must be cared
c. at night the sun takes a nap
d. the man on the TV is talking to me.
c. at night the sun takes a nap
7-54
Which of the following is least characteristic of Huntington's chorea:
a. anxiety, depression, and mania. tics that increase with stress
c. dysarthric speech
d. apraxia apahasia, and agnosia
d. apraxia apahasia, and agnosia
7-55
Research on the compressed 4 day workweek suggests that it results in:
a. increases in job satisfaction but decreases in job productivity
b. increases in job satisfaction and mixed results in terms of absenteeism
c. improvements in employee supervisor relations and orgainziational commitment
d. decreases in job productivity and increases in absenteeeism
b. increases in job satisfaction and mixed results in terms of absenteeism
7-58
For members o fminoirty groups, long term exposure to racial oppression is most kely to result in
a. downplaying the importance of ethnicity and adopting a culture free identity
b. focusing on satistying physiological nees and acquiring basic survival skills
c. attempting to earn acceptance by acquiring material goods and other signs of status
d. becoming socially withdrawn and isolated
c. attempting to earn acceptance by acquiring material goods and other signs of status
7-59
IMplicit memory:
a. is relatively unaffected by aging
b. isv ery sensitive to head trauma
c. is an aspect of nonverabal memory
d. is mediated primarily by the hippocampus
a. is relatively unaffected by aging
7-61
Expressive aphasia is to Broca's area as _____aphasia is to Wernicke's area
a. global
b. conduction
c. impressive
d. motor
c. impressive
7-62
The larger the group size the more likely that social oafing will occur. This may be due to:
a. the sleeper effect
b. increased social inhibition
c. decreased arousal
d. decreased self-attention
d. decreased self-attention
7-67
Studies investigating the relationship between maternal socialization practices and children's internalization of consciece have found that:
a. maternal gentle discipline is predictive of internalization regardless of a child's temperament
b. maternal gentle discipline is predictive of internalization only for chldren who have a secure attachment
c. maternal gentle discipline is predictive of internalization for children who are fearful and anxious prone
d. maternal gentle discipline is predictive of internalization for children who are relatively fearless and non-anxious
c. maternal gentle discipline is predictive of internalization for children who are fearful and anxious prone
7-68
Prosopagnosia, or the inability to recognize familiar faces, is believed to be due to the dameage to the
a bilateral occipitotemporal area
b. left occipitoparietal area
c. cingulate gyrus
d. central sulcus
a bilateral occipitotemporal area
7-69
You receive an order from the court to conduct a presentencing evaluation of a defendant who has been convicted of meurder. You shold
a. obtain a signed release of information form the defendanct before conducting the evaluation
b. discuss the limits of confidentiality with the defendant even though a release of information is not legally required in this situation
c. say nothing about conficentiality since a release of info is not legally required and discussing confidentilaity may decrease the defendant's willingness to be truthful
d proceed with the evaluation since a reease of confidentiaility will have already een obtaned by the court
b. discuss the limits of confidentiality with the defendant even though a release of information is not legally required in this situation
7-70
The progression of symptoms in AD is often decribed in terms of three stages. I nthe middle stage (duration of symtoms of 2-10 years), which of the following symptoms is most likely
a depression or irritability and anomia
b. apathy and global aphasia
c. labile mood, paranoia, and fluent aphasia
d. emotional blunting and hypermetamophosis
c. labile mood, paranoia, and fluent aphasia
7-71
Sue and Sue (90) propose that differences inworldview may arise in cross-cultural counseling and itnerfere with its effectivenss. They descirbe the worldview of counselors and their clients in terms of 2 dimensions - locus of control and locus of responsbility- and probpose that memobers of minority groups are becoming increasingly more likely to exhibit which of the wollwing world views:
a. internal locus of control/internal locus of responsibility
b. external locus of control/internal locus of responsibility
c. internal locus of control/external locus of responsibility
d. external LOC and external LOR
c. internal locus of control/external locus of responsibility
7-73
A baby is least likely to exhibit strager anxiety when:
a. the stranger approaches slowly
b. the stranger is quiet
c the stanger picks up the baby
d. the child is securely attached to his/her mother
a. the stranger approaches slowly
7-75
The police arrive at your office with an arrest warrant for one of your clients. They tell you that they need the client's most recent address and telphone numbe.r You should:
a. pride them with the nformation they request
b. make a copy of the warrrant for your files before providing withem with the information they request
c. tell them you will have to get a signed waiver from the client before you can release the information
d. not give them any information about hte client
d. not give them any information about hte client
7-76
The risk for schizophrenia is higher for twins than for non-twin biological siblings. Moreover, if one twin is diagnaosed with this disorder, the risk of the same diagnosis for a monozygotic twin is about ___tiems the risk for a disygotic twin:
a 1.5
b. 2.5
c. 3.5
d. 4.5
b. 2.5
7-79
Cross cultural research on prosocial behavior suggests that cultures that stress which of the following are most likely to produce children with high levels of altruism:
a. explicit reinforcement of prosocial acts
b. de-emphasis of cultural, religious, and other group differences
c. close relationships among members of the extended family
d. assigning children responsbilitity for siblings and animals
d. assigning children responsbilitity for siblings and animals
7-83
Research investigating the effectiveness of training first graders in the use of rehearsal strategies has found that:
a. these children learn to appy rehearsal to the current task but do not generalize this knowledge to toher tasks
b. these children learn to apply rehearsal to the current task and often generalize this knowlwedge to other tasks
c. thse children learn to apply rehearsal to the curren tas only when they anticipate external reinforecment for doing so
d. these children are unable to learn to apply rehearsal to the current or future tasks
a. these children learn to appy rehearsal to the current task but do not generalize this knowledge to toher tasks
7-84
In their reformulation of the learned helplessness model of depression, Abramson, Metalsky and ALloy (1989)
a. deemphasize the role of punishment and emphasize the role of reinforecement
b. deepmhasize the role of helplessness and emphasize the role of attributions
c. de-emphasize the role of attributions and emphasize the role of hopelessness
d. de-emphasize the role of subjective feelings and emphasize the role of actual stressful events
c. de-emphasize the role of attributions and emphasize the role of hopelessness
7-85
Compared to young depressed adults, older depressed adults are least likely to
a. be anxious
b. have memory problems
c. express feelings of heopelessness
d. express feelings of sadness
d. express feelings of sadness
7-86
Research on parenting styles has shown that a combination of a moderate degree of control with warmth and responsiveness has which of the following effects on chidren:
a. beneficial effects on social development but little or no effect on academic achievement
b. beneficial effecs on both social developemtn and academic achievement
c. beneficial effects on academic achievement but little or no effect on social development
d. beneficial effects on soical development and academic achievement in childhood but little effect in adolescence
b. beneficial effecs on both social developemtn and academic achievement
7-94
People who have had strokes that affected the left anterior cerebral hemisphere are most likely to exhibit which of the following:
a. depression and worry
b. apathy
c. denial of feelings of depression
d. flight of ideas and grandiosity
a. depression and worry
7-97
Which of the following approaches would be most appropriate when devising a therapy plan for Native Americans
a. a collaborative approach
b. a structured approach
c. a directive approach
d. an aggressive approach
a. a collaborative approach
7-98
Jack and Joe ae friends who both have recently taken jobs as life insurance salesemen. When Jack is asked why he and Joe took these jobs he is most likely to reply
a. I did so becuase I needed the money, Joe did so because he likes sales
b. we both did so because we needed the money
c.we both did so because we like sales
d. I did so because I like sales. Joe did so because he needed the money
a. I did so becuase I needed the money, Joe did so because he likes sales
7-102
Which of the following is characteristic of Piaget's concrete operational stage
a. the development of the reflective self
b. the ability to reason about reasoning
c. the construction of unit concepts
d. the mergence of representation
a. the development of the reflective self
7-107
Research on the jigsaw classroom supports the findings of
a. zimbardo's deindividuation study
b. sherif's robbers cave study
c. berkowitz frustration anxiety hypothesis
d. ajzen and fishbein's reasoned action theory
b. sherif's robbers cave study
7-112
Members of an outpatient therapy group are likely to rank which of Yalom's therapeuitc factors as most mportant:
a. interpersonal input, catharsis cohesiveness, and self-understanding
b. self-understandign, universalit, identification and instillation of hope
c. family reeneactment, catharsis, altruism, and intepresonal input
d. intepersonal input, interpersonal output, universality, and identification
a. interpersonal input, catharsis cohesiveness, and self-understanding
7-116
The most prominent risk factor for drug abuse in adolescence is:
a. parent and fmaily member drug use
b. availab ility of drugs
c. prior use of gateway drugs
d. depression
c. prior use of gateway drugs
7-120
One criticism of BARS is that:
a. it requiresraters to indicate the kinds of behaviors they would expect of ratees rather than the behaviors that they have actually observed
b. it requires raters to recall the frequency of critical behaviors over an extended period of time in the past
c. there is too much ambitugity with regad to the performance dimensions being measured
d. it overemphasixes the subjective features of job performance
a. it requiresraters to indicate the kinds of behaviors they would expect of ratees rather than the behaviors that they have actually observed
7-123
To reduce the risk of relapse for a 23 year old man who has been hospitalized with a diagnosise of Schizophenia and who will now be returning home to live with his parents, the best intervention wold be
a. indivdual psychotherapy plus pharamacotherapy
b. family therapy plus pharmacotherapy
c. mileau therpay plus pharamacotherapy
d. pharmacotherapy alone
b. family therapy plus pharmacotherapy
7-124
In working with a client who has received a diagnosies of DID a cognitive therapists initial goal would be:
a. to collaborate with the client to identify specific treatment goals
b. to make a cognitive diagnosis for the purpose of developing a concrete treatment plan
c. to identify th ecognitive antecedemenet and consequences that are sustaining the client's multiple personalities
d. to establish a working alliance that provides the client with a sense of safety
d. to establish a working alliance that provides the client with a sense of safety
7-127
Self-disclosure by reticent therapy group members:
a. will occur only when it is intiated (modeled) by the therapist
b. is more likely to occur when at least one of the members begins to self-disclose
c. will occur once the highest status members sets the norm of self-disclosure
d. is affected more by the group composition than y self-disclosure by the therapist or other group members
b. is more likely to occur when at least one of the members begins to self-disclose
7-134
Bandura’s social learning theory predicts that:
a. cognitive events act as intervening variables in the acquisition of a new behavior
b. social approval is a powerful and primary reinforcement
c. reinforcement has a greater impact on learning than on performance
d. the acquisition of new behaviors is the result of internalized S-R connections
a. cognitive events act as intervening variables in the acquisition of a new behavior
7-139
Restlessness psychomaotor agitation, flushed face, diuresis, rambling speech and muscle twitching are most suggestive of:
a. alcohol withdrawal
b. caffeine intoxication
c. cocaine intoxication
d. hyperthyroidism
b. caffeine intoxication
7-146
During the first session with the victim of wife battering a feminist therapist would most likely
a. help the woman recognize the social and political forces that are keeping her in the abusive relationship
b. help the woman identify the ways in which she provokes her husband’s anger
c. insist that the woman go to a shelter for battered women or other safe place
d. help the woman identify and rehearse an escape plan to use when her husband becomes abusive
d. help the woman identify and rehearse an escape plan to use when her husband becomes abusive
7-149
Pavlov produced experimental neurosis in experimental dogs by using which of the following procedures:
a. applying negative reinforcement each time the dogs ate
b. pairing eating with an aversive tone
c. making it impossible for the dogs to escape electrical shock
d. requiring the dogs to make difficult discriminations
. requiring the dogs to make difficult discriminations
7-152
When determining a treatment plan for mild to moderate hypertension, it is important to keep in mind that:
a. EMG feedback is the most effective treatment
b. EKG feedback plus medication is the most effective treatment
c. Biofeedback is ineffective for hypertension
d. Blood pressure feedback and training in general relaxation are about equally effective
d. Blood pressure feedback and training in general relaxation are about equally effective
7-154
A 33 year old male client presents with hallucinations and bizarre delusions. His parents report no psychosocial stressors and say that he has been sick and out of work for about 5 weeks Your tentative diagnosis is:
a. Schizophrenia
b. Schizophreniform disorder
c. Brief psychotic disorder
d. Atypical psychosis
b.Schizophreniform disorder
7-156
A researcher wants to compare the effects of four different prevention programs on willingness to sue safe sex practices for sexually active male and female adolescents. Subjects will be randomly assigned to one of the four programs and six months later will be asked to indicate if they engaged in safe sex all of the time, some of the time, or never. The appropriate stat test for analyzing the data is:
a. one way ANOVA
b. 2 way ANOVA
c. multiple sample chi-square
d. chi square for goodness of fit
c.multiple sample chi-square
c.multiple sample chi-square
d.conflict is a substitute for love and affection in a disengaged family
7-159
Regression analysis is used to:
a. predict the mean value of a DV on the basis of a known value on an IV
b. predict the true value of a DV on the basis of a known value on an IV
c. estimate the true value of a variable on the basis of an obtained value on that variable
d. estimate the true value of a variable on the basis of a linear combination of two or more variables
a.predict the mean value of a DV on the basis of a known value on an IV
7-166
When considering concurrent individual and group therapy for a client it is important to keep in mind that:
a. combined treatments are contraindicated for narcisstic and borderline clients who benefit more from individual therapy alone
b. individual therapy may decrease participation and involvement in group therapy
c. participation in group therapy may increase resistance in individual therapy
d. all of the above
7-166
When considering concurrent individual and group therapy for a client it is important to keep in mind that:
a. combined treatments are contraindicated for narcisstic and borderline clients who benefit more from individual therapy alone
b. individual therapy may decrease participation and involvement in group therapy
c. participation in group therapy may increase resistance in individual therapy
d. all of the above
7-166
When considering concurrent individual and group therapy for a client it is important to keep in mind that:
a. combined treatments are contraindicated for narcisstic and borderline clients who benefit more from individual therapy alone
b. individual therapy may decrease participation and involvement in group therapy
c. participation in group therapy may increase resistance in individual therapy
d. all of the above
d.to express unhappiness about a lack of relationships but to act in ways that suggest a lack of interest in intimate contacts
7-168
A middle aged man is convinced that TV commercials are sending hm personal messages, and he cannot be talked out of this belief. This is an example of which of the following
a. delusion of being controlled
b. delusion of reference
c. magical thinking
d. obsessive thinking
c. magical thinking
7-171
A father wants to increase his son’s studying and violin practice and therefore, reinforces each behavior whenever it occurs with a token that can be exchanged later for a desired privilege. After a period of time, the father realizes that his son will never become a violin virtuoso and stops reinforcing the boy’s violin practice. The father can expect which of the following:
a. violin practice and studying will both decrease
b. violine and studying will both increase
c. violin practice will decrease but studying will increase
d. violin practice will decrease and studying will stay the same
c.violin practice will decrease but studying will increase
7-174
Overcorrection is a behavioral technique that has been found to be particularly useful for reducing certain types of socially-inappropriate and personally harmful behaviors. Research assessing the effects of overcorrection suggest that it is most successful when:
a. it is paired with a negative punishment technique such as response cost
b. the positive practice phase involves a topographically similar behavior
c. symbolic modeling is followed by guided and graduate practice
d. the aversive consequence is self-administered
c.the positive practice phase involves a topographically similar behavior
7-175
One of the most common impairments following brain injury is memory loss. Although the nature of the disturbance depends on the locus and extent of the damage, most often it involves:
a. an inability to transfer information from sensory memory to ST memory
b. widespread deficits in memory for events that occurred rior to the incident that caused the injury
c. spotty deficits in memory for both recent and past events
d. problems related to retaining certain kinds of new information
d.problems related to retaining certain kinds of new information
7-185
From a psychoanalytic perspective, a phobia is:
a. displaced fear of death
b. an externalization of a forbidden impulse
c. a displaced sexual urge
d. projection of shame and guilt
b.an externalization of a forbidden impulse
7-190
You’ve been hired by a company president to evaluate his employees to assist him in making decisions related to termination, training, and promotion. One of the first issues you will need to calirfy in this situation is:
a. whether the employer or the employees are your client
b. what information about the employees will be provided to the employer and what information will be withheld
c. who will be ultimately responsible for making decisions about the employees
d. the extent to which the employer’s profit motive will interfere with your ability to make sound professional decisions
b.what information about the employees will be provided to the employer and what information will be withheld
7-197
Research on sexual and nonsexual dual relationships between therapists and their clients has found that:
a. male therapists engage I more sexual dual relationships but female therapists engage in more nonsexual dual relationships
b. the rates of sexual dual relationships are higher among those with less professional experience
c. in a sexual dual relationship, the client is, on the average 10 years younger than the therapis
d. therapits who undergo personal therapy are less likely to become sexually involved with their clients
c. in a sexual dual relationship, the client is, on the average 10 years younger than the therapis
blank test question
blank answer
1-3
The research examinging the consequences of providing info to kids with cancer about their illness suggess that:
a. young children who are given very limited info about their illness have better psyc outcomes than those who are given more complete info
b. young kids who are given more complete info have better psych outcomes than those with limited ifo
c. young kids given info by parents have better psych outcomes than those given info by professionals
d. young kids given info by pofessionals have better psyc outcomes than those by parents
b. young kids who are given more complete info have better psych outcomes than those with limited ifo
1-8
When applying Lewin's field theory to the study of human behavior a psychologist would most likely
a. collect the data needed to accurately describe the average person
b. conduct a well-controlled case study
c. apply scientific principles to the study of behavior in organizational settings
d. act as a participant observer
b. conduct a well-controlled case study
1-12
From the perspective of Berry's bidirectional acculturation model, blank is characterized by low involvement in one's own minority culture and in the majority culture
a. moratorium
b. alientation
c. separation
d. marginalization
d. marginalization
1-24
The cyclic release of gonadotrophins in females is the result of regulation by the
a. adrenal gland
b. pituitary gland
c. hypothalamus
d. thalamus
c. hypothalamus
1-26
In a research study, control group subjects first learn a list of names. Once they are able to recite the list without error they are asked to count backwards from 10 over an dover. After a predetermined period of time the subjects are then aske dto recall the list of names. Apparently, the purpose of this study is to investigate the phenomenon known as:
a. retroactive inhibition
b. proactive inhibition
c. iconic store
d. echoic store
a. retroactive inhibition
1-32
Which of the following theories of leadership provides a leader with a decision tree to help him or her decide wheter an autocratic, consultative, or group decision making stayle is optimal given the characteristics of the situation?
a. Hersey and Blanchard's situational leadership model
b. Graen's leader-member exchange model
c. House's path goal theory
d. Vroom and Yetton's leader-participation model
d. Vroom and Yetton's leader-participation model
1-41
A parent complains that her 11 year old seems motivated primarily by his strong need for attention and power and desire to get even with anyone who he thinks has wronged him. Therapy based on teh work of which of the following individuals would be best suited for ths boy's problems?
a. Jung
b. Perls
c. Kohut
d. Adler
d. Adler
1-43
In Huntington's Disease
a. cognitive and psychiatric symptoms may appear well before motor symptoms
b. cognitive and psychiatric symptoms usually develop after the appearance of mild to moderate motor symptoms
c. cognitive symptoms usually appear first, bollowed by motore and then psych
d. psych symptoms usually appear first, followed by motor and then cognitive
a. cognitive and psychiatric symptoms may appear well before motor symptoms
1-43
In operant conditioning the contrast effect is best explained by which of the follwing
a. burnout
b. aversion
c. frustration
d. procrastination
c. frustration
1-49
A common migraine
a. begins with an aura and is usually accompanied by nausea
b. is constant and not throbbing and may be exacerbated by bright lights
c. does not begin with an aura and may be exacerbated by bending over or lifting
d. is sharp and unilateral and is uaually accompanied by autonomic symptoms
c. does not begin with an aura and may be exacerbated by bending over or lifting
1-58
A group's task performance is limited by the performance of the least effective member of the group. Apparentl the task that is being perfrmed by the group is:
a. additive
b. compensatory
c.disjunctive
d. conjunctinve
d. conjunctinve
1-59
Reactive Attachment Disorder of Infancy or Early Childhood, Inhibited Type, is most likely to inovlve
a. stereotypy
b. unsuaual verbal and nonverbal communication
c. indiscriminant attachments
d. hypervigilance
d. hypervigilance
1-66
Overall research comparing biofeedback and relaxation training for the treatment of migtaines indicates that:
a. thermal biofeedback is no more effective than EMG feedback, but both are more effective than relaxation training
b. thermal biofeedback is less effective than relaxation training
c. thermal biofeedback alone is equally effective as relaxation training alone
d. biofeedback and relaxation training are ineffective for this disorder
c. thermal biofeedback alone is equally effective as relaxation training alone
1-67
Recent research on medical illness in kids suggests that in terms of communication teh best strategy for parents is to
a. give the child minimal infor about his/her illness
b. ive the child infor about the illness making sure it is consistent with the child's developmental level
c. give the child info that is consistent with developmental level but only response to questions indicating their readiness to learn about the condition
d have an objective medical professional give the child info
b. ive the child infor about the illness making sure it is consistent with the child's developmental level
1-79
In perhaps his best-known studies, Pavlov taught animals to saliate to a tone. Pavlov considered the tone in these experiments to be an
a. conditioned stimulus
b. 2nd order stimulus
c. unconditioned stimulus
d. secondary reinforcer
a. conditioned stimulus
1-82
Which of the following statements does NOT accurately describe the provisions of APA standards for ed and psych testing
a. it requires that test items be made available to examinees on request
b. it requires that tests should not be titled revised until they have been revised in significant ways
c. it requires that test manual fully describe the underling rationale and procudres wused itn he test development
d. it requires that a test manual clearly describe the procedures for administering and scoring the test
a. it requires that test items be made available to examinees on request
1-85
Tom is not color blind but he has a brother who is color blind. Tom's wife, Alic is color blind and does not have ny relatives who are color blind. What is the lieklihood that the chldren of Tom and Alice will be color blind:
a. their male children only are liekly to be color blind
b. their female children only are likely to be color blind
c. their male and female kids may or may not be color blind
d. neither their male nor their female children will be color blind
d. neither their male nor their female children will be color blind
1-86
A psychologist uses a sliding scale to determine her fee on the basis of the client's income. This practice is:
a. explicitly prohibited by APA ethics
b. explicitly recommended by APA ethics
c. acceptable according to APA ethics
d. ethical as long as the confidentiality of the arrangement is maintained
c. acceptable according to APA ethics
1-106
The part of the brain that is associated with physical homeostasis is:
a. hypthatlamus
b. cingulate gyrus
c. cerebellum
d. medulla
a. hypthatlamus
1-121
A psychologist is hired to develop a selection test to be used for hiring management trainees. The first step in the development of the selection test should be wihc of the follwing:
a. needs assessment
b. job analysis
c. job evaluation
d. crierion selection
b. job analysis
1-123
The effects of divorce on kids can be mitigated or enhanced by a number of factors. Of the follwoing factors, which is least likely to increase the probability that divorce will have profound and long-lasting adverse effects:
a. arental economic insecurity
b. unexpressed conflict between the parents
c. a lack of a relationship with the noncustodial parent
d. a move or change of schools after the divorce
b. unexpressed conflict between the parents
1-143
As described in DSM IV common associated features for many of the disorders categorized as Somatoform Disorders are
a. distrubrances in memory and concentration
b. phobic and paranoid reactions
c. anxiety and depression
d. psudologa fantastica dn vorbeireden
c. anxiety and depression
1-145
A psychologist administers a questionnaire to 500 people aged 25 to 75. Among things the questionnaire assesses respondents' attitudes toward death. Based ont he research on this topic, you would expect to find that which group is least anxious about death:
a. 25-30
b.40-45
c.55-60
d.70-75
d.70-75
1-147
The process that acts to correct a family or other system in trouble and thereby restore it to its previous state of euilibrium is referred to as
a. negative feedback
b. positive feedback
d. a feedback loop
d. paradox
a. negative feedback
1-148
A response that was acquired through avoidance learning is inulikely to be extingushed because
a. the avoidance response is negatively reinforced
b. the avoidance response is positively reinofrced
c. the US is avoided
d. the US is reinforcing
a. the avoidance response is negatively reinforced
1-163
Because of its potentially damaging effects on therapy outcomes, an important issues in therapy is premature termination. Studies examining client and therapist factors related to therapy droupout have indicated all of the following except:
a. client SES is correlated with length of stay
b. the greater the therapists experience the lower the premature dropout rate
c. there is no relationship between a client's gener and probability of premature termination
a. client with high initial anxiety is more likley to drop out of therapy prematurely
a. client with high initial anxiety is more likley to drop out of therapy prematurely
1-167
A culture fair predictor would most likely to be considered fair if
a. members of the non-mainstream grou pconsistnetly score lower on the predictor and lower on the criterion than members of the mainstream group
b. members o f the non-mainstream consistently score lower on the predictor but higher on the criterion
c. members onf the non-mainstream group consistently score higher on the rpedictor and lower on the criterion
d. members of the non-mainstream group consistnetly score lower on the predictor but the same on the criterion
a. members of the non-mainstream grou pconsistnetly score lower on the predictor and lower on the criterion than members of the mainstream group
1-170
A personnel director would be well-advised to use which of the follwoing performance appraisal techniques if a primary goal of appraisal is to provide employees with feedback about their job performance in order to help them improve their performance
a. forced choice
b. forced distritubtion
c. BARS
d. BIB
c. BARS
1-173
A family begins therapy with a family therapist. The therapist relies primarily upon Minuchin's structural approach and can therfore e expected to:
a join the family system but refuce to accomodate to its affective style
b. use interentions that stress the famly system as to unbalnce the family's homeostasis
c. discourage confrontations between family members in order to reduce tension and help members think more rationally about their problems
d. help the famly construct a multigenerational gengram during the first therapy sessions to facilitate history-taking
b. use interentions that stress the famly system as to unbalnce the family's homeostasis
1-179
The major advantage of using a forced choice method as an employee performance appraisal technique is that:
a. it is easy to develop and use
b; it provides specifc information for employee feedback
c. it helps alleviate leniency and other biases
d. it elimiates observer drift
c. it helps alleviate leniency and other biases
1-183
An alcohol abuser if offered the coice of jail o an in-patient alcohol treatment program after being found guilty of driving while intoxicated. In this situation as a clinician working in the treatment center where the man will be receiinvg treatment you should keep in mind thanan informed consent is not necessary because:
a. thre treatment has been court ordered
b. the man has given up his right to confidentiality by ocmmitting a crime
c. th man has given up his right to confidentaility by choosing the treatment program instead of jail
d the man has already given written consent ot the court
d the man has already given written consent ot the court
1-184
The standard error of the mean is:
a. an estimate of the amount of variation that can be expected in sample means as the result of the effects of an IV
b. an estimate of the amount of variation that can be expected in sample means as the result of error
c.an estimate of the minimum differance that can be expected between two or more sample means as the result of the effects of an IV
d. an estimate of the minimum difference that can be expected between two or more sample means as ther esult of the effects of error
b. an estimate of the amount of variation that can be expected in sample means as the result of error
1-186
A 68 year old man exhibits forgetfulness, disoreintatio, confusion, and difficulties in concentrating. Cognitive tests reveal short and long term memory deficits although the patern of memory loss is inconsistent. A CT scan reveals no abnormalities. The best diagnosis is
a. pseudodementia
b. pseudodepression
c. AD
d. VaD
a. pseudodementia
1-190
Research studies invistigating the predictss for job motivation made by Maslow's need hierarchy theory have suggested that:
a. managerial and non-managerial employees both rate self actualization needs as more important than lower level needs
b. manegerial and non-mangerial employees both rate safety and physiologicla needs as more important than higher level need
s
c. mangerial employees rate self-actualization needs as more important while non-managerial employees rate safety and physiological needs as more importnat
d. managerial and non-mangerierilal employess both rate theri unfulfilled needs as most important
c. mangerial employees rate self-actualization needs as more important while non-managerial employees rate safety and physiological needs as more importnat
1-191
Sampling error refers to
a. the tendency of sample stats to vary from one another due to the ffects of systematic error
b. the tendency of sample stats to vary from population parameters due the effects of systematic error
c. the tendency of smaple statistcs to vary from one another due to the effects of random erro
d. the tendency of sample stats to vary from population parameters due the effects of random and systematic error
c. the tendency of smaple statistcs to vary from one another due to the effects of random erro
1-193
A psychologist who is a prof at a large state university has been teaching into for the past 15 years. He has not changed the course syllabus for 0 years and some of his students are concerned that his class is outdated. With regard to APA's ethics code the prof's behavior
a. is ethical because it is up to him to decide what meterail to present in the class
b. violated the principle of ocmpetence
violates the principe of responsibility
d. violates principle of integrity
b. violated the principle of ocmpetence
1-198
During the past few sessions a 23 year old client has become increasingly depressed and suicidal Druing the current session he tells you that he's not happy with the progress of therapy and that he's not coming back. Your best course of actionwould be to
a. seek involuntary commitment of the client immediately
b. encourage him to coniue therapy and attempt to have him singa no suicide contract
c. cal his parents immediately to discuss the situation with them
d. recognize that he has a right to terminate therapy if that is what he wants to do
b. encourage him to coniue therapy and attempt to have him singa no suicide contract
2-1
Presence of which of the following symptoms suggests that the appropriate diagnosis is Alcoho withdrawal as opposed to cocaine withdrawal
a. insomnia
b. dysphoria
c. seizures
d. psychomotor agitation
c. seizures
2-2
In family therapy, the adolescent daughter complains that she doesn't think she can change and she feels that doing what the therapist has requested is pointless. The therpaist responds by saying, "Well in that case, I think you shouldn't even try." Ther therapists' response is an example of
a. reactance
b. restraining
c.positioning
d. prescription
b. restraining
2-5
According to the path-goal theory of leadership, a primary task of a leader is to help subordinates find the best path for attaining goals. In terms of leadership sytle, this theory proposes that:
a. the best style (directive, supportive participative or achievment-oreinted) depends on certain characeteristics of the taska and subordinates
b. the best style (see above) depends on leader's experience personality and so on
c. the best style sis a participatine one that allows employees to help set their own goals
d the best style is an achievementoriented one that focuses o nenhancing the skills and knowledge of subordinates so that they are better able to achieve their goals
a. the best style (directive, supportive participative or achievment-oreinted) depends on certain characeteristics of the taska and subordinates
2-6
Research on mnemonic devices suggests that they are:
a. superor to rote rehearsal in terms of both short and long term retention
b. superior to rote rehearsal and eleaboration in terms of both short and long term retention
c superior to rote rehearsal in terms of short-term but not long term retention. d.superior to rote rehearsal and elaboration in terms of short term but not long term retention
c superior to rote rehearsal in terms of short-term but not long term retention.
2-8
A worker whose job consists primarily of handling customer complaints will be happier if she blames the customer's problems on :
a. exernal, stable, and global factors
b. internal, stable and specific factors
c. external unstable and global factors
d.external unstable and specific factors
d.external unstable and specific factors
2-11
A teen in brought to therapy by mom who says the girl has recently become another person. She says her duaghter used to be easy-goin and easy to get along with and was well-liked at school by her perers and teachers. However, now her daughter is constantly irritable, is smoking and drinking, and has started having trouble at school. When the therapist interviews the girl, he learns that she is engaging in high-risk sexual behavior, but the girl feels that nothing bad can ever happen to her. Based on these symptoms, the best diagnosis is
a. ADHD
b. Conduct Disorder
c. Bipolar I Disorder
d. Bipolar II Disorder
c. Bipolar I Disorder
2-15
Research compaing heterogenous to homogeneous work groups has found that heterogeeous groups:
a. are more creative and better at decision-making
b. are more creative but less productive overall
c. make better decisions but are less productive overall
d. are more creative but worse at decision making
a. are more creative and better at decision-making
2-17
When using the Halstead-
Reitan, an examinee's performance on 7 measures is used to derive a:
a. Impairment Index which can be used to determine if an examinee has brain damage
b. Impairment Index, which can be used to determine if an examinee is suffering from a functional disorder
c. Pathology Profile, which allows the examiner to compare the examinee's score profile to those of people with and without brain damage
d. Pathology Pofile, which helps the examiner determine the apropriate DSM-IV diagnosis
a. Impairment Index which can be used to determine if an examinee has brain damage
2-21
From the perspective of Rational Emotive Therapy:
a. irrational beliefs are qcquired primarily through social learning processes
b. irrational beliefs are acquired largely through the process of selective reinforcement
c. people are biologically prone to th acquisition of irrational beliefs
d. eople adopt irrational belies as teh result of early traumatic events that are still unresolved
c. people are biologically prone to th acquisition of irrational beliefs
2-23
Androgens and estrogens are secreted by the:
a. gonads only
b. gonads and adrenal glands
c. gonads adn pituitary gland
d. gonads and pineal gland
b. gonads and adrenal glands
2-26
Unilateral ECT to the right hemispher would most likel yproduce:
a. predominantly anterograde amnesia invovling nonverbal memory
b. predominantly anterograde amnesia involvingverbal material
c. predominantly retrograde amnesia involvoling nonverbal
d. predominantly retrograde amnesia involving verbal material
a. predominantly anterograde amnesia invovling nonverbal memory
2-31
When using the technique known as the Premack Principle, the reinforcer is:
a. applied intermittently
b. a genrealized conditioned reinforcer
c. a behavior that occurs frequently
d. a stimulus that natrually elicits the desired behavior
c. a behavior that occurs frequently
2-32
The research suggests that which of the following would be least useful for the treatment of alcoholism?
a. social skills training
b. stres management training
c. antidepressants
d. anxiolytic medication
d. anxiolytic medication
2-36
When using Beck's cognitive approach to therapy with a client with OCD
a. exposure in vivor or in imagination is not considered beneficial because it produces strong emotions that interfere with contitive work
b. exposure in vivor or in imagination is conducted only when the symptoms are so severe that they are interfering with cogntiive work and must be alleviated quickly
c.e xposrue in vivo or in imagination is consdered useful for eliciting hot cognitions related to the disorder so that they are available for cognitive work
d. exposure in imagination is considered more useful than exposure in vivo because it elicits target congitiviotns withouth teh storng emotions that may interfere with cognitive work
c.e xposrue in vivo or in imagination is consdered useful for eliciting hot cognitions related to the disorder so that they are available for cognitive work
2-37
Bill, a 34 year old small business owner, has trouble completing tasks at home and work, freuqently blows his fuse at family members and employees and has his wife do all the patperwork at the office because he doesn't have the patience fo r it. His wife says Bill never listens to her and often does things without thinking about the consequences. When asked about his past, BIll says that he often got in trouble while he was in school. He frequently got into fights and in high school was arrested several times for drugs and drunk driving. All thorugh school, his teachers aid he wasn't living up tho his potential. Although Bill no longer uses illegal drugs, he often drinks heavily on weekens Based on these symptoms, the most likely diagnosis for Bill is:
a. Antisocial
b. Borderline
C. ADHD
d. bipolar
C. ADHD
2-38
According to Sue and Zane (1987) in terms of ensuring good treatment outcomes, the most important factor in culturally sensitive therapy is:
a. demonstrating cultural knowledge
b. using culture specific techniques
c. using techniques that establish credibility
d. being authentic and empathic
c. using techniques that establish credibility
2-39
Kohlberg argued that there is a monotonic relationship between moral judgment and moral action and probposed that, as one moves from a lower to a higher stage of moral development:
a. the range of possible moral actions becomes narrower and the individual assumes greater responsibilitit for relating his/her judgments to actions
b. the range of possilbe moral actions becomes broader adn the individual assumes greater responsibility for relating his/her judgments to actions
c. the range of possible moral actions remains the same but the individual assumes greater responsiblity for relating his/her judgments to actions
d. the range of possible moreal actions becomes narrower but the individual's sense of responsbility for relating his/her judgments to actiosn remains about the same
a. the range of possible moral actions becomes narrower and the individual assumes greater responsibilitit for relating his/her judgments to actions
2-40
Which of the following would help confirm a diagnosis of AD while ruling out a diagnosis of Dementia due to Head Traum?
a. antergrade and tretrograde amnesia appear at about the same time
b. anterograde amnesia appears first, after a period of time, retrograde amnesia appears
c. retrograde amnesia appears first and gradually worsens; after a period of time anterograde amnesia aperas
d. anterograde and retrograde amnesia appear at about the same time but the retrograde amnesia begins with impairments in recent memory and the progresses to impairments in remote memory
b. anterograde amnesia appears first, after a period of time, retrograde amnesia appears
2-41
To help a dperessed client identify the cognitive errors and distortions that are affecting her interpretation of crrent life events a practitioner of Beck's cognitve therapy would:
a. rely primarily on didactice techniqes
b. make use of Socratic questioning
c. rely on verbal ersuasion
d. use paradox
b. make use of Socratic questioning
2-42
A patient with which of the following personality disorders is most likely to exhibit symptoms that could be erroenously interpreted as sings of depression?
a. avoidant
b. OCPD
c. dependent
d. narcisstic
c. dependent
2-44
Which of the following is most true about prgnancy prevention programs for adolescents?
a. They are most effective when they are school-based and reduce sex activity
b. most effective when school and increase contraceptive
c. most effective when community and contribute by reducing sex
d. most effective when community and help by increasing contraceptive use
d. most effective when community and help by increasing contraceptive use
2-47
In group therapy, members establish a taking turns pattern in which each group session is devoted, sequentially to each group member. In response to this situation, Yalom recommends:
a. mass group interpretation
b. here and now activation
c. paradoxical prescription
d. reframing
a. mass group interpretation
2-58
TO evaluate an intervention designed to increase the time a hyperactive child stays on task when doing schoolwork, the best technique would be:
a. situational samling
b. event recording
c. interval recording
d. sequential analysis
c. interval recording
2-62
Parkinson's disease is associated primarily with a loss of cells in the
a. reticular formation
b. basal ganglia
c. amygdala
d. temporal an docciptal lobes
b. basal ganglia
2-64
THe psychoanalyst Adolph Stern provided the first organized clinical description of the borderline patient. Of the 10 basic characteristics STern delineated, which of the following did he consider to be the most primary:
a. inhibited aggression
b. fixation
c. emotional dysregtulation
d. narcissism
d. narcissism
2-67
Parasuicide (attempt but no tcompleted) is least associated with
a. middle to upper SES
b. female gender
c. younger age (under 30)
d. divorce
a. middle to upper SES
2-68
Which of the following medical conditions is least likely to be a cause of an anxiety disorder due to a GMC:
a. thyroid dysfunction
b. epilepsy
c. diabetes
d. malignancy
c. diabetes
2-76
Which of the following is the most commonly used criterion measure in organizational settings:
a supervisor ratings
b. standardized performacne tests
c. quanitative measures of production
d. assessment centers
a supervisor ratings
2-77
A researcher investigating the chemical correlates of memory would be most likely to find that administration of which of the following would improve the memory of lderly adults
a. LGN
b. THC
c. RNA
d. GABA
c. RNA
2-85
Increasing age is LEAST likely to have which of the following effects on a man's sexual response cycle:
a. the time to achieve an erection will increase
b. comlete penile erection may not occur until just prior to orgasm
c. the resolution phasee and refractory period will both increase
d. all of the above
c. the resolution phasee and refractory period will both increase
2-89
Tolman's demonstration of latent learning suggests that:
a. a student studying algebra in September may not leran algebra until he begins to study geometry
b. a student studying algebra will come to a suddena dn whole udnerstanding of ti
c. a student will not learn algebra unless the proper incentive for learning is provided
d. a student might appear to know little about lagebra until he takes an algebra test
provided
d. a student might appear to know little about lagebra until he takes an algebra test
2-95
The concept of traiangulation is central to general systems theory and can be found in the work of Bowen, Minuchin Satir and others. Although thse theorists differ somewhat in wheir definition of tiangulation, in general, it is said to be occurring when:
a. to reduce tension between them, a 2 person system draws in a 3rd party
b. to reduce tension between them, the members of a 2 person system focus their attention on a third party
c. to avoid delaing with the conflict between them a 2 person system forms an alliance against a third erson
d. to reduce conflict, 2 members oa three person system assume a submissive role when interacting with the third dominant member
a. to reduce tension between them, a 2 person system draws in a 3rd party
2-96
Research investigating the effects of maternal employment on cogntive development in children has revealed that such employment:
a. has beneficial effects for middl-class girls and boys only
b. has beneficial effects fo middle class boys only
c has statistically insignificant adverse effects on kids from all social classes
d. has no substantial effects
d. has no substantial effects
2-99
The word HEART if projected onto a screen so that HE is projected to the subject's right visual field only while ART is rpojected to the subjects left visual field only. If the subject in the experiment is a split brain patient you would exhpect him/her to report seeing
a. HE only
b. ART only
c. ART HE
d. HE ART
a. HE only
2-103
When using covert sensitiation to treat a sexual fetish, the fetish objects acts as a(n):
a. US
b. CS
c. primary reinforcer
d. secondary reinforcer
b. CS
2-107
An advocate of a Japanese managemnt philosophy is most likely to advocate which of the following:
a. encouraging employees to try out more than one job within the company
b. encouraging each employee to come up with ways for increasing opportunities for individual responsibility and autonomy
c. closely supervising employees
d. rapidly promotin employees who demonstrate superiority
a. encouraging employees to try out more than one job within the company
2-108
For women suffering from PMS, the most severe physical and emotional symptoms usually occur:
a. during the last days of menses
b. 4-10 days prior to menses
c. during the week prior to and first few days of menses
d. during the first three to fourd days of menses
c. during the week prior to and first few days of menses
2-110
An effective interention for hyperactive children would probably include which of the following:
a. the child will decide on appropriate tasks and rewards for completing tasks
b. the parents will setup a bheavioral routine and enforce it consistently
c. both parents and child will determine appropritae pusnishments for misbehaviors
d. the parents will determine a behavioral reoutine but be flexible in it enforcement
b. the parents will setup a bheavioral routine and enforce it consistently
2-113
Research on the effects of maternal employment suggests that it
a. has positive ffects on the cognitive development of all children
b. has negative effects on the cognitive development of all children
c. may have negative effects on the cognitive development of middle class boys
d. may have negative effects on the cognitive development of middle class girls
c. may have negative effects on the cognitive development of middle class boys
2-114
In vivo flooding has been found to be an effective treatment for Agoraphobia. tudies investigating the effects of in vivo flooding for this disorder suggest that:
a. frequent brief exposures are more effective than less frequent, longer exposures to the feard stimuli
b. people with high arousability aremore repsonsive to in vivo treatment that people with low arousability
c. high anxiety provocation is not the key factor in the effectivenss of in vivo vlooding
d. counterconditiong is a necessary component of in vivo flooding as a treatment for agoraphobia
c. high anxiety provocation is not the key factor in the effectivenss of in vivo vlooding
2-115
The target of an organizational development (OD) intervention depends, of course, on the nature of the organization's problems. However, most OD interventions hsare in common an overarching concern with:
a. structure
b. function
c. task and technology
d. human/social relationships
d. human/social relationships
2-116
The presence of which of the following symptoms would suggest a diagnosis of Conduct Disorder rather than a diagnosis of Oppositional Defiant Disorder:
a. frequent lying and running awary from home
b low frustration tolerance and temper outbursts
c. drug use
d. onset of symptoms after age 11
a. frequent lying and running awary from home
2-120
A 19 year old male who grup in the inner city receives a WAISR Verbal IQ score that is 20 points higher than his Performance IQ score. This discrepancy suggests:
a. learning disability
b. educational deficit
c. right hemisphere damage
d. an invalid test
c. right hemisphere damage
2-132
1st and 2nd grade children have been identified as being at risk for academic undersachievement are provided with a special after school program. Thsi is and example of :
a. primary prevention
b. secondary prevention
c. tertiary prevention
d. crisis intervention
b. secondary prevention
2-139
Withdrawal from which of the following substances is LEAST likely to invlve hallucinations:
a. a sedative
b. an anxiolytic
c. cocaine
d. alcohol
c. cocaine
2-149
Research suggest that in comparison to opular children, less opular children to beall of the following excet:
a. less intelligent
b. less physically attractive
c. less friendly and sociable
d. less cooperative
c. less friendly and sociable
2-153
To be consistent with the Federal Edcational Reights and Privacy Acts (AKA the Bucklyey Amendment) a school psychologist must keep in mind that:
a. it is necessary to obtaine the signed consent of a student's parents efore releasing any information from the students file to officials of another school where the student in alnning to enroll
b. student records, inclduign identifying information, must br released to designated federal and stae educational authorities if needed in connection with the evaluaton of a federally-sponsored educational program
c. parent have the right not only to inspect and review their children's school reocrds but also to challenge the cotnents of records
d. all of the above.
c. parent have the right not only to inspect and review their children's school reocrds but also to challenge the cotnents of records
2-154
An 12 year old who has received a diagnosis of Oppositioanl Defiant Diorder is LEAST ikely to be exhibiting which of the following symptoms:
a. swearing
b. low frustration tolerance
c. alcohol use
d. lying and cheating in games
d. lying and cheating in games
2-155
In contrast to traditonal psychodynamic psychotherapy, the brief psychotherapies:
a. focus on curent phenomenon only
b. discoruage the development of transference
c. focus on specific conflicts
d. all of the above
c. focus on specific conflicts
2-160
Recent research on goal-setting in organizations has shown that all of the following are true except:
a. providing feedback on goal achivement is necessary but not sufficient condition for improved job performance
b. overall, participation in goal setting is not as important as acceptance of goals
c. employees who are told to "do their best" will usually exhibit lower levels of productivity than employees who are given difficult goals
d. participation in goal-setting is more important for educationally advantatged workers
d. participation in goal-setting is more important for educationally advantatged workers
2-162
Research on Maslow's need hierarchy theory has demonstrated all of the following except
a. line managers perceive greater fulfillment of needs thatn staff managers, especially esteem and self actualizaton needs
b. older workders have greater deficiencies in fulbilling esteem and self actualization needs than younger workers
c. race seems to be related to fulfillment of needs with minority managers experiencing less fulfillment than non-minority managers
d. managers who work fr samll compairens are less deficient in meeting their needs than mangers at large companies, espcially at lower levels of management
b. older workders have greater deficiencies in fulbilling esteem and self actualization needs than younger workers
2-163
Youare using in vivo aversive conditioning to reduce alchol consuptimon in chronic alcohlics. To maximize the effectiveness of th treatment, the aversive stimulus (electric shock) whould be applied:
a. while the client is thinking about taking a drink
b. right before the client takes a drink
c. immediately after the client begins drinking
d. after the client has finished a drink
c. immediately after the client begins drinking
2-168
The best way to reduce the likelihood fot eh development of PTSD following crisis or unusual event is:
a. stress incoudlation training prior to the event
b. immediate debriefing with opportunities to reporcess the event
c. in vivo or iaginal exposure with response prevention
d. systematic desensitization
b. immediate debriefing with opportunities to reporcess the event
2-178
In avoidance conditioning, the initial fear that causes the avoidance resonse is the result of which of the followng:
a. neative reinforcement
b. punishment
c. stimulus geralization
d. classical conditioning
d. classical conditioning
2-181
You are working as an industrial psychologist are are hired as a consultant by the owner of a medium-sized company who says she is having problems with employee prodcutivity. As an advocate of goal-setting theory, you are most likely to tell the ownder that to maximize the productive of her workers, she should
a. let the workers set their own goals
b. let the workers set their own goals when the task is simple and structured, but assign goals when the task is complex and unstructured
c. assign the workers moderate goals that are withn the capabilities of the least proficient workers
d. assign the workers relatively dificult goals and give them feedback about their attainment of those goals
d. assign the workers relatively dificult goals and give them feedback about their attainment of those goals
2-182
A test developer desings an arithmetic achievement test to be used with junio high school students. When assessing the test's reliability, the test developer is likely to get an overestimat of its reliability if:
a. the tst contains itmes tthat ar eprimarily of a moderate difficulty level
b the examinees in the samplea remore heterogensous in terms of arithmetic achivement than the examiness the test was designed for
c. the test is a speeded test and the test developer uses the alternate forms method to assess its reliability
d. all of the above
b the examinees in the samplea remore heterogensous in terms of arithmetic achivement than the examiness the test was designed for
Privilege refers to a client's legal right to have confidential communciations protected from disclosure. The situations that legally allow a waiver of privilege vary, from state to state. However, generally speaking, which of the following ist rue about privilege:
1. Privilege is waived when the information isn requested at a proceeding initiated by the client in a criminal action todetermine his/her sanity
2. Privilege is waivd when the therapist suspects that minor (e.g., the client or child of the client) has been the victim of child abuse
3. Privilege is waived when the therapist has reasonable suspicion to belive that the client is a danger to another person
a. 3 only
b. 2 and 3
c. 1,2,and 3
d. none of the above
c. 1,2,and 3
2-198
A researcher designs a study in which subects will be hospitalized mental patients. THe hospital research committee has approved the project, which inovlves several treatments, some of which include experimental drugs that may cause harmful side effects. Before beginning the study, the researcher should:
a. obtain informed consents from the pateints if possible
b. obtain informed consents from the patietns' guardians
c. obtain informed consents from teh aatients' guardies and assent from the patients
d. noen of the above are necessary since the study has been aproved by the hospital's research committee
c. obtain informed consents from teh aatients' guardies and assent from the patients
3-1
A number of investigatiors have looked at the impact of expressed emotion on rates for individuals with schizohrenia. Studies comparign individuals form Mexican American and Anglo American families have found that:
a. family warmeth and criticism are not predictive of relapse for MS but are predictive for AA patient
b. a lck of family warmth is mre predictive of relapse for MA patients while criticism by family members if more predictive for AA patients
c. criticism by family members is more predictive of relapse for MA while a lack of family warmth is more predictive for AA patients
d. ffamily warmeth and criticsm are about equally predictive of relapse for MA and AA patients
B
3-21
Inspection of the data collectedfrom the WAIS III standardization sample revelaed that, with regard to the impact of increasing age on intelligence:
a. VERbal IQ and Perfromance IQ decline at about equal rates beginning in the mid 40s
b. of the four WAIS III factors Perceptual organization is most stable over the lifespan
c. the LNS subtest shows a profile of scores over the lifespan that is very similar to the profile for Performance IQ
d. older adults show a greater improvement on retesting with the WAIS III than do younger adults
C
3-23
A psychologist is hired to perform a ourt ordered evaluation of a defendant in a criminal case The psychologist discusses the purpose of the evaluation with the defendant who then says he does not want to cooperate. According to the Speciality guidelines for forensic psychologists, the psychologist should
a. remind the defnendant that he has no choice since the evaluation is court-ordered
b. refuse to conduct the evaluation unless he obtains an informed consent from the defendant
c. refuse to conduct the evaluation unless he obtains an infromred consent from either the defendant or the defendant's attorney
d. postpone the evaluation and contact the defendant's attorney
D
3-24
The standard error of the mean, an index of sampling error, increases as:
a. the population SD increases
b. the population SD decreases
c. the sample size increases
d. the number of samples decreases
A
3-25
You design a study to compare the effectivenss of three different treatment for stress. you decide to assign 30 EPPP candidates to one of the three treatments and measure their stress level before the treatment begins and one week and sixe weeks after the treatmetne has been applied. The design of your study is best described as :
a. counterbalanced
b. mixed
c natural groups
d. between groups
B
3-36
Stroke resulting from occulsion of the middle cerebral artery is likely to produce contralesional hemiplegia and hemianesthesia involving the arm, leg, and face as well as contralesional visual field loss. In addition, if the stroke affected the dominant(left) hemisphere, the individual is likely to exhibit global aphasis, but if stroke affected the nondominant (right) hemisphere, the individual is more likely to exhibet:
a. conduction aphasia
b ideomotor apraxia
c. gerstmann's syndrome
d. unilateral neglect
D
3-37
Damage to the hipocampus will have the greatest impact on
a. sensory memory
b. spatial memory
c. primary memory
d. working memory
B
3-28
In an adult, damage to the medial temporal area is least likely to have an adverse effect on
a. short term memory
b. autobiographical memory
c semantic memory
d. spatial memory
A
3-39
Studies investigating the relationshp between an infant's basic temperament at 6 months of age and ater aggressiveness indicate that
a. easy children with authoritatian parents are most likely to exhibit high levels of aggressiveness at age 3
b. difficult children with laissex faire parents are most likely to exhibit high levels of aggressiveness at age 3
c. difficult children with authoritarian parents are most likely to exhibit high levels of aggrssiveness at age 3
d. there is little or no relationshp between temperament at 6 mnths and evel of aggressiveness at age 3
C
3-40
Longitudinal research has shown that the Big Five personality traits remain relatively stable from midlife until later adulthood. However, when individuals reach their 80s and 90s status on 3 of the 5 triats often shifts. Specifically:
a. agreeableness, sociability, and acceptance of change all increase
b. agreeablessness and sociability increase, whie acceptance of change decreases
c. acceptanc eof change increasses, while agreeableness and sociability decrease
d. agreeableness and acceptance of change increase, while sociability decreases
D
3-42
From the perspective of Holland's approach to career choice and career counseling a highly differentiated person:
a. resembles one persnality type and no other type
b. has obtained a personality profile that is unusal or unique
c. has scored highly on 2 personality types that are on opposite sitdes of the personality/occupational hexagon
d. has vocational aspirations that beong in diverse RIASEC categoris
A
3-44
An IO psychologist will most likely aply the concept of identical elements originally proposed by Thorndike and Woodworth (1901) to which of the following
a. job redesign
b. employee selection
c. criterion development
d. employee training
D
3-49
Lab and dorm studies have consistently shown that males and females react differently to crosding. Specifically, lab studies suggest that crowding is more detrimental for males, and dorm studies indicated that:
a. this gender difference is even more pronound in real life settings
b. males utilize less effective coping strategies than females in crowded situations
c. females utilize less effectivecoping strategies than males in crowded situations
d. the gender difference occurs but is less pronounce in real life settings
C
3-57
15-20% of peope in the advances stages of HIV infection develop AIDS dementia complex or HIV dementia. Common eaerly signs of this form of demential include:
a. irritability, fidgeting, disorganized speech and lack of initiative
b. lapses in concentration, forgetfulness, diffciutly walking and social withdrawal
c. distractibility, behavioral disinhig gion, reduced speech production, and neglect of personalyhygiene
d. fatigue, anxiety, concentration problems, and sleep disturbances
B
3-61
Recent research comparing the personality characteristics and psychiatric symptoms of women reporting repressed versus continuous memories of childhood sexual abuse has found that:
a. the 2 groups of women do not differe significantly in terms of personality characeteristics or psychiatric symptoms
b. women reporting repressed memories differe from those with continuous memories in terms of disscociations but not with regard to toher charcetristics or symptoms
c. women reporting cntinuous memories exhibit more symptoms of TPSD than those reporting repressed memories but the 2 groups do not differ with regard to other characteristics or symptoms
d. the two groups of women show sigificant differences with regard to both peresnoalitycharacteristics and psych symptoms
D
3-63
ADHD has been most consistently linked to:
a. reduced blood flow to the frontal lobes
b. increased blood flow to the basal ganglia
c. higher than normal levels of dopamine in the frontoal lobes
d. lower than normal levels of dopamine in the parietal occipital region
A
3-65
Research comparing the impact of unilateral brain damage on emotion has shown that damage to the right hemispher is most often associated with 3 behavioral patterns - indifference, verbal disinhibition, and
a. denial of paraylsis or other symptoms resulting from the brain damage
b. depressed mood and irritability
c. pathological laughing and crying
d. transitory visual and/or adutitory hallunciations
A
3-66
From th perspective of attachment theory, a therapy client's transference is a manifestaion of:
a. insecure attachment
b. disorganized attachment
c. an internal working model
d. a reflexive schema
C
3-67
Longitudinal research on the impact of early temperament on adjustment at age 21 has found that:
a. termperament predicts behavior at age 21 only for children classified as undercontroled at age 3
b. tempereament predicts behavior at age 21 only for children classified as inhibited at age 3
c. temperament predicts behavior at age 21 only for children classified as well adjusted at age 3
d. temperament predeicts behavioar at age 21 for children classified as either undercontrolled inhibited, or well-adjusted ag age 3
D
3-69
A tranactional leader is LEAST likely to agree with which of the followign:
a. employee behavior is goal directed and employees will act rationally to achieve their goals
b. contingent rewards are effective for motiavating good performance
c. the best idea for a boss is to adopt a laissez faire leadership style
d. each employee will function best if hw/she is viewed as an individual and is given personal attention
D
3-70
Which of the following work shifts is likely to be associated with the least amount of job related stress:
a. permanent day shift
b. permanent night shift
c. rotating shifts
d. compressed workweek with rotating shifts
A
3-72
As defined by Aaron Beck, automatic thoughts are:
amore accessible and less stable than voluntary thoughts
b. spontatneously trieggered by a specific circumstance and accompanied by an emotional reaction
d. systematic errors in reasonsing that are evident during times of psychological distress
d. always irrational
B
3-74
Before conducting a court-ordered evaluation of a minor, you should
a. obtain an informed consent from the inor
b. obtain an informed consent frome the minor's legal guardian
c discuss the purpose fot eh evaluation with the inor
d. make sure the minor's legal guardian is present during th evaluation
C
3-76
The presence of multiple motor and vocal tics that had an onset at age 20 and a duration of 13 montsh is most sugggestive of which DSM IV diagnosis:
a. Chronic Motor/Vocal Tics
b. Tourette's
c. Atypical Tic Disorder
d. Tic Disorder NOS
D
3-78
A diagnosis of Reactive Attachment Dsroder cannot be assigned without the prsence of which of the following;
a. evidence of pathogenic care
b. ddevelpmentally inappropriate social relatedness hta began prior to age 2
c. excessively inhibited hyperivgalnat or ambivalent responses
d. one or more developmental delays
A
3-80
Providing social skills training to children whose aggressive behaviors have had an adverse imact on their family and peer relations, and school performance is an example of:
a. primary prevention
b. secondary prevention
c. tertiary prevention
d. behavioral prevention
C
3-83
In children with ADHD the most common side effect of Ritaline is:
a. apetitie loss
b. dizziness
c. pruritus
d. headache
A
3-87
In their three year study of 10 4th, 6th, and 8th graders in four states and the District of Columbia, Sadker and Sakder (1994)loooked at teacher interactions with male and female students. They found that:
a. while boys are much more likely to call out answrs in class, teachers call on boys and girls at about equal rates
b. while boys receive more negative attention, girls reciev emore porsitive attention from their teachers
c. girls experience sexual harassment from their teachers more often than boys do
d. white males and females get more attention from their teachers han males and females from minority groups
C
3-90
The lack of a relationship between a student's confidence about her ability to succeed on a task and her actual success on the task reflects problems related to:
a means-end analysis
b. equilibration
c. resolution
d. calibration
D
3-92
Which of the following best describes Abramson, Metalsky and Alloy's 1989 theory of hopelessness deepression?
a. hopelessness is the predominant symptoms of hopelessness depresion
b. hopelessness contributes to hopelessness depresion to the extent that it fostsers stable, global attributions for negative evnets
c. hopelessness is a sufficient cause of hopelssness depression, but is not included as one of its symptoms
d. hopelessness is a necessary but not sufficient cuase of hopelessness depression that increases the risk for the disorder only when there is also a biological predisposition for it
C
3-93
In a recent study, Foa et al (1999) compared prolonged exposrue, stress inoculation training, and a combination of the two treatment for alleviateng the symptoms of PTSD> Consistent with the findings of previous studies, therir results indicated that, at follow-up:
a. prolonged exposure alone was the most effective treatment
b. stress inoculation training alone was the most effective treatment
c. the combination of prolonged expousre and stress inoculation training was the most effective treatment
d. all treatemtns were effective but there was no difference between them
A
3-94
For individuals with Autistic Disorder, a disturbance in the pragmatic use of language is manifested by:
a. an inability to integrate words with gestures
b. abnormaliaties in the pitch, intonation, and rhythm of speech
c. limited vocaabulary, vocabulary errors, and difficulty acquiring new words
d. repetition of words and phrases regardless ofmeaning
A
3-95
Which of the following has been found to be most rapid and most effective for suppressing the symptoms of tardive dyskinesia:
a. anticholinergic agents
b. lithium
c. SSRIs
d. benzodiazepines
D
3-99
Which of the following techniues would be least useful for assessing the perceptual abilities of a 3-4 month old nfant?
a. sucking
b. heart rate
c. head turning
d. reaching
C
3-100
The research has shown that aong children, categorization or distinction on the basic of which of the following develops prior to 2 years of age
a. age
b. age and gender
c. age andd race
d. race
B
3-107
You have been seeing a couple in therapy for several months. You receve a call from a social worker who request that you work collaboratively with him in treating the wife who has just started seeing him in individual therapy. Your best course of action is to:
a. agree to collaborate withthe social worker as long as the wife has signed a waiver
b. agree to collaborate with the social worker as long as the wife has signed a waiver and you take steps to maintain the husband's confidentiality
c. agree to colalborate with the social worker only after you have discussed the issue with the couple
d. refrain from callaborating wtih the social worker
D
3-110
Dr. Agape uses a dismangling strategy to identify the active ingredient of systematic desensitization. He is most likely to find that which of the following is the critical component:
a. stimulus control
b. reciprocal inhibition
c. extinction
d. gradual exposure
C
3-112
A structural family therapists' intevention when working with a triangulated family will be designed to:
a. foster isnight in order to establish mroe appropriate hierarchies and boundaries
b. create stress in order to unbalance the family's homeostasis
c. dilute the tension between family members in order to reduce triangulation
d. alter the family's implicit and explicit rules in order to re-align boundaries
B
3-115
Dr. Dilemma is contacted by an insurance company which wants information about a previous client of hers. The client's fee was paid by the insurance company when he was seeing her, and the insurance copany now wants information for part of its regular peer review process. Dr. Dilemma's best course of action would be to:
a. provide the insurance company =with the information it requests
b. provide the insurance company with the information it requests only after ensuring that the company will tkae steps to protect the client's confientiality
c. provide the company with the info it requests in a way that allows the client's identity to be concealed
d. ruse to release any infromation to the company unless she feels it in the chlient's best interests
B
3-118
While patients with depression or dementia may share certain cognitive characteristics, a close eexamination of their performance on memory tasks shows some important differences. Fro instance, patient with dementia have deficits on both recall and recognition tasks, while depressed patients typically have impaired recall but normal recognition. In addition
a. patients with Alzheimer's dementia have deficits in declarative but not procedural memory, while the reverse is true for depressed patients
b. patients with Alzheimer's dementia have deficits in procedural but not declarative memory while the reverse is true for depressed patients
c. patients with Alzheimer's dementia have deficits in both procedural and declarative memory while depressed patients have deficits in procedural memory only
d. patient with Alzheimer's have deficits in both procedural and declarative memory while depressed patients have intact procedural and declarative memory
A
3-120
Tranformational leders
a. apeal to the self interest of their followers
b. help followers recognize that their goals are compatible with the organizations goals
c. induce followers to transcend self-interest for the sake of the organization
d. redefinte the organization's goals to beter coincide with the self-interest of followers
C
3-123
A client of yours is currently suing her employer for race discrimination. You recieve a subpoena from the employer's attorney requiring you to appear at a depositionto provide infoamaiton about the client. When you discuss this with the client, she tells you she does not wwant you to provdie the emplyer with an y information from her therapy session You should:
a. rovde the requested information at the deposition sicne privilege is waived in this situation
b. attend the deposition but provide only that information you believe to be germane to the case
c. refuse to attend the deposition without a court order
d. ask your attorney to contact the employer's attorney to discuss the situation
D
3-124
To identify critical incidents you would most likely
a. have employees fill out a standardized self-report inventory
b. ask employees what they typcially do on the job
c. ask superivors to identify empployee behaviors that ar associated with outstanding and inferior performance
d. ask supervisors to identify specific supervisor behaviors that are associated with outstanding employee performance
C
3-125
A pateinet who has been recently prescribed Prozac as a treatmetn for depression
a. should be warned that she may temporarily experience some minor cognitive impairment
b. should be advised that she may experience dry moouth consitatio, blurred visio, and other anitcholinergic effects
c. should be warned that sleep and anxiety problems may temproarilty increase
d. must avoid tyramin-rich foods
C
3-126
Reserach on prejudice indicates that certain conditions can reduce itnergroup hostilities. Which of the following conditions would be MOST effective for reducing racial prejudice displayed by groups of Wite and Black children:
a. the children are required to cooperate in order to achieve a common goal
b. the children are confronted with a common enemy
c. contact between the children occurs dialy over n extended period of time
d. the children are provided with norms that prescribe courtesy and friedlineess
A
3-127
A strategic family therapist is working with a family in which the husband and wife have avoided their own conflicts by focuting their attention on the problems of their 9 year old son. The therapist in this situation is most likely to
a. educate the parents about triangulation
b. obtain a detailed famly history from the husband and wife to identify the pattern of interactions in their fmilies of origins
c. give the husband and wife a homeowrk assignment designed to foster recognition sof the conflicts that exist between them
d. have the family members adopt the roels of each other and roel play a typeical family interaction
C
3-128
In compairson to bilateral ECt, uilateral ECT to the right hemisphere:
a. produces simlar levels of antergorage and retrograde amnesia
b. produces greater anterograde amnesia for nonverabl tasks only
c. produces greater anterograde and retrograde amnesia for both verbal and nonveral taks
d. produces less anterograde amnesia for both verbal and nonverbal tasks
D
3-130
Among elderly psychiatric patients, ____ is the most common disorder
a. depression
b. dementia
c. schizophrenia
d. Bipolar
B
3-131
Studies designed to identify the factors associated with fear of death suggest that middle aged people are more anxious about death than elderly ones. Moreover, these suggest that:
a. the fear of death, at least among college students, is associated with a rejection of the elderly
b. the fera of death is less for moderatley religious people than for devoutly and irreligious people
c. the fear of death is more related to age than to sex, race, or SES
d. all of the above
C
3-132
Research investigating the effects of work team composition on productivity and other outcomes suggest that heterogeneity in terms of experience, geneder, personality, attitudes, and so on is associated with
a greater productivity and reduced turnover
b. greater productivity but increased turnover
c. greater productivity only
d. reduced prodctivity except on simple tasks
B
3-134
Which of the following is least characteristic of infants who were exposed to coaine in utero:
a. they are abnormally insensitive to tactle, visual, and auditory stimulation
b. they are excessively irritable and unresponsive to attempts to comfort
c. they often crawl, stand and walk early
d. they often have a low birthweight and small head circumference
A
3-135
Which of the following best describes the effects of overlearning:
a. good long term recall and resistance to extinction
b. good shrot term recall but no effect on long term recall or extinction
c. slight detrimental effects on recall
d. no significant effects on short or long term recall
A
3-139
The reviewere for a managged health care organization decides that additional services for one ofyour clients are not medically necessary. You strongly disagree with her decision because you believe your client's condition is likely to worsen without additioanl therapy sessions. The client cannot afford to pay for therapy session himself. To act ethically and minimize your lgal liability in this istuation, you ahould:
a. carefully explain tot eh celinet the reason for termination and have him sign a waiver of responsbility
b. provide the client with the names of seeral therapists who you know provide services at a low fee
c. see the client at no fee for several sessions before terminatng therapy
d. file an appeal with the managed health care organization
D
3-142
Lithium is most effective for
a. Bipolar Disorder with rapid cycling
b. classic bipolar disorder
c bipolar disorder with prominent anxiety symptoms
d. bipolar disorder wtih prominent depressive symptoms
B
3-143
Rational deicison making in organizations most often fails because
a. decisions are ffected by social desirability and other deicison biases
b. decisions are typically guided by economic concerns only
c. too many people are involved in the decision making process
d. there is insufficient information, time and money
D
3-148
The effects of a teratogenic agent on an organ system is adverse in fetal development only during the period in which the organ system grows most rapidly. This fact can be viewed as confirmation of whih of the followign
a. fixed action periods
b. maturation
c. critical period
d. sensitive periods
C
3-149
A 7 year old says she deosn't want to go to school because she is afraid some of the chidlren in her calass will bemean to her She is also a perfectionist and sessm overly concerned about her ability to perform well at school and in social sitauations. She frquently says whe has a sheadache or a stomachache. Based on these symptoms, the best diagnosis is
a. Separation axniety - schol refusal
b. oppositional disorder
c. GAD
d. social phobia
C
3-155
For Carl Jung, transference is
a. a form of projection
b. sexual acting out
c. symbolization
d. a fantasy
A
3-156
Several subcortical structures are involved in the mediation of emotions. Studies of decoticate animals, for instance, suggest that ____ is responsible for a violent rage response to even trivial stimuli
a. hypothalamus
b. medulla
c. hipocampus
d. RAS
A
3-159
A change is the relationship between time and life that refelcts a shift in perspective from time form birth to time until death usually occurs between the ages of
a. 30-35
b. 40-45
c.50-55
d.60-65
B
3-162
After a therapy group has been together for several months, its members start criticizing the group leader for not disclosing any info about her self. Yalom, a well-known authority on group therapy, would most likely recommend to the theratpist that she
a. explain to group members that self discolosure on her part would be counterproductive
b. ask the members why they want her to disclose information about herself
c. begin to self-disclose information about herself in a responsible manner
d. recognize that this is a normal stage in group therapy and ignore the criticisms
C
3-163
Incremental validity refers to the gain in hirign effective employees by using a predictor as opposed to not using it. The most important cotnributor to a predictor' incremental validity is its criterion reladed validity coefficient. The higher the corfficient, the greater the validity. Howeer, the incremenal validity of a predictor is affected by other factors. Specifically, a predictor will have the highest incremental validity when:
a. the selection ration is moderate and base rate is high
b. the selction ratio is low and the base rate is moderate
c. the selection ratio is high and the base rate is moderate
d. the selection ration is moderate and the base rate is low
B
3-169
As you eat a hot fudge sundae, a friend describes what the sundae reminds him of in the most disgusting terms he can think of. Eventually, you cannot continue eating the sudnae because it maeks you feel sick. This situation is most similar to which of the following techniques:
a. operant shaping
b. prompting and fading
c. paradoxical intention
d. covert sensitization
D
3-178
You suspect a colleague of violating ethical guidelines. To be consistent with the provisions of the EThics Code you should
a report the colelague to the local Ethics committee immediately
b. report the colleague to the local ethics committee only if the ethical violation is a serious one
c. attempt to handle the situation informally by discussing the violate with the colleagues and file a report only if he is uncooperative
d. either handle sthe situation informally or file a report, dpending on which course of action you believe is most appropriate
D
3-179
Use of the technique known as meta analysis entails calculating an effect size, which can est be defined as
a. a statsttfall significnat difference between experimental and control groups
b. a standardized mean difference between experimental and control groups
c. a zero order correlationd
d a partial regression coefficient
B
3-180
All other things being equal which of the following types of tests would be expected have the lowest reliability
a. 7 response multiple choice
b. 3 response MC
c. true false
d. free recall
C
3-181
As defined by DMS IV primary gain is a goal of which of hte following disorders
a. conversion
b. factitious
c. malingering
d. hypochondriasis
A
3-182
Research on therapy utilization by hetero and homosexual adults suggests that
a. gay men and lesbian women are more likely to see a therapist than heterosexual men and women
b. hetero men and women are more likely to see a therapist than gay men and lesbian women
c. heter men are more likley to see a therapist than gay men, while lesbian women are more likely to see a therpist than hetero women
d. hetero women are more lkely to see a therapist than lesbian ahile gay men are more likely to see a therapist than hetero men
A
3-183
According to Herzberg's two factor theory
a. job motivation increases as job responsibility and autonomy increase
b. job performance in determined by the interaction of 2 factors, job content and job context factors
c. job motivation is a direct result of job outcomes
d. the factors than ncrease an employee's motivation depend on the employee's level of growh need
A
3-187
A menopausal woman who is considering estorgen replacemtn therapy should be advise that thei treatment may do all of the following except
a. reduce the risk for osteoporisos
b. cause nausea, vomiting and anorexia or increased appetitie
c. increase sex drive
d. reduce mood symptoms
C
3-192
Recent research on neurotransmitter abnormalities in schizophrenia sugggests that
a. some schizophrenics, especailly paranoid schizophrenics, have abnormally high levels of norepinephrine
b. some scizophrenics, especailly paranoicd schizophrenics, have abnormally low levels of sertotonin
c. thei sdisorder is associated with abnormally high levles of MAO, espeically among males
d. this disorder is associated with increased GABA actvity especially during the acute phase
A
3-195
At the end of her first therapy session, a middle aged women tells you she is presently receiving treatment from a psychatrist. You, as an ethical psychologist, should
a. inform the women that it would be unethical to continue seeing her while she is seeing another professional
b call the psychiatrist to inform him of the situation and obtain his ermission to continue therapy with her
c. in the next session, discuss the issues related to the women's relationship siwth the psychiatrist
d. allow the oman to decide when to terminat treatment with the psychiatrist
C
3-196
In contrast to conventional antipsychotic drugs, the atypical drug, clozapine:
a. is more likely to alleviate symtpoms of depresison and hostility
b. is more likely to produce irreversible tardive dyskinesia
c. increases both dopamine and serotonin activity
d is less likely to cause agranulocystos
A
3-200
Research looking at the self esteem of children suggest that:
a chilfen with a hetero mom have somewhat higher SE than kids with a lesbian mom
b. children with a lesbian mother have somewhat higher SE than kids with a hetero mom
c. children with a lesbian or hetero mom have comparable levels of SE with chilfen in both group shaving higher SE when mom is livng with a artner
d. children with a lesabian or hetero mom have ocmarable levels of SE when their mother is living only, but only children with a hetero mom have higher SE when mom is living with a partner
C
EXtra
extra
4-5
Bartlett Barmicide says he's continued having hallucinations ("flashbaks") several months after he stopped using a drug He also states that he realizes that this is probably due to the drug. Barltet most likely used which of the following:
a. PCP
b. methamphetamine
c. coaine
d. mescaline
D
4-6
Research investigating the relationship between ADHD and substance abuse has found that:
a. a diagnosis of ADHD in childhood is not associated with an increased risk for substance abuse in adulthood
b. a diagnosis of ADHD in childhood is associated with an increased risk for substance abuse in adulthood
c. a diagnosis of ADHD in childhood is associated with an increased risk for substance abuse in adultood only if the individual was treated with stimlant drugs in childhood
d. a diagnosis of ADHD in childhood is associated with an increased risk for substance abuse in adulthood only in the individual had comorbid conduct symptoms
B
4-9
Children are most likely to be resilient (i.e., to bounce back from high-risk or traumatic events) when their parents are:
a. high in warmth, structure and expectations
b. high in warmth and structure but low in expectations
c. moderate in warmth, structure, and expectations
d. moderate in warmth, but low in structure and expectations
A
4-11
Which of the following drugs are most effective for individuals who have recieved a diagnosis of Major Depressive Disorder with Atypical Features:
a. MAOIs or SSRIs
b. MAOIs or tricyclics
c. SSRIs or tricyclics
d. tricyclics or neuroleptics
A
4-16
The 2 separate scores provided by the Mental Processing scale of the Karufman Assessment Battery for Children (K-ABC) reflect ______ theory of intelligence
a. Spearman's
B. Luria's
c. Binet's
d. Sternbergs
B
4-14
Studies on concurent schedules of reinforcement have found that an organism's relative frequency of responding to one alternatie corresponds to the relative frequencey of responses to that alternative. This phenomenon is referred to as:
a. the law of effect
b. the matching law
d. Rescorla-Wagner theory
d. the Premack principle
B
4-22
Lewin's field theory predicts that:
a. human behavior is due more to physical than to psychological factors
b. a leader's power is directly affected by the characteristics of the task and environment
c. human behavior is a function of both the person and his/her environment
d. a group can be no more effective than its least effective member
C
4-23
Hostile masculinity and promiscuous impersonal sex are central concepts in
a. Malamuth's confluence theory
b. Dollard's frustration-aggression hypothesis
c. Plutchik and Kelleran's cirumplex model
d. Walker's cycle of violence
A
4-25
A researcher wants to compare the immediate and long term oeffects of three different treatments for PTSD. Consequently, she randomly assigns individuals who were recently exposed to the same trauma to either the EMDR stress incoulation or invivo exposure group and then assess their symptoms one week, one month, and 3 months after the end of treatment. The researcher is using which of the ofllowing research desings
a. between groups
b. within subjects
c. counterbalanced
d. mixed
D
3-26
Which of the following techniques wold be most useful for investigating a person's cognitive processes while working on a complex task"
a production interview
b. protocol analyseis
c. behavioral systems assessment
d. event coding
B
4-32
According to the Cross model of Nigrescence, an AFrican American in the ____ stage begins to develop a nonsterotypic African American perspective
a. immersion
b. emersion
c. redefinition
d. commitment
B
4-33
Although stuttering in children is often difficult to treat, there is some evidence that ____ is the most effective approach
a. stress inoculation
b. covert senesitization
c. regulated breathing
d. dialectical behavior therapy
C
4-34
One approach to distinguishing between depression and anixety involves considering three dimension of emotion - negative affect, positive affect, and autonomic arousal. From this perspective compared to depression, anxiety involves:
a. a imilar level of negative affect and autonomic arousal but a higher level of positive affect
b. a similar level of negative affect but a higher level of both autonomic arousal and positive affect
c. a lower level of negative affect, a similar level of autonomic arousa., and ahigher level of positive affect
d. a similar level of both negative and positive affect but a higher level of autonomic arousal
B
4-35
On a measure that asseses the Big Fie perosnality factors, a high score on neuroticism, a low score on agreeableness, and a low socre on conscientiousness are most likely to be obtained by a person with _____ personality disorder
a. Obsessive compulsive
b. Narcisstic
c. Schizoid
d. antiscocial
D
4-37
Which of the following represents a phoneme
a. c
b. ing
c. mama
d. mom
A
4-38
Harvey's (1999) re-analysis of the 1994 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) data found that, in terms of futurre effects, maternal employment during the first 3 years of a child's life is most likely to have
a. a signifcant and long term negative impact on the child's emotional, cognitive, and behavioral functioning
b. a small negative impact on the child's cognitive functioning but no consistent impact on emotional or behavioral development
c. a small negative impact on the dchild's emotional and behavioral functioning but no conistente impact on cognitive development
d. a significant negative impact on the child's behavioral functioning but no consistenet impact on cogntivie and emotional development
B
4-39
People with Korsakoff's syndrome exhibit anterograde amnesia, retrodgrade amnesia, and confabulation. Research investigating the location of brain damage underlying these symptoms suggests that which area is most affected:
a. temporal lobes
b. hippocampus
c. mammillary bodies
d. basal ganglia
C
4-40
There is now evidence that nicotine enhances alterntnes and memory by mimicking _____ at nicotine receptor sites.
a. endorphins
b. GABA
c. serotonin
d. acetylcholine
D
4-45
Zajon's confluence model predicts that children's intellectual growth can be either enhanced or hindered by their immediate family circumstances. Specifically, Zajonc considers ______ to be a critical factor in intellecutal development
a. burth order
b. parental marital status
c. parenting style
d. culture
A
4-48
Which of the following indiviudals has proposed that organizational culture acts, at least in part, as a defense mechanism that helps organiational members avoid uncertainty and ankiet
a. Herbert simon
b. Edgar Schein
c. Leon Festinger
d. Geert Hofstede
B
4-49
To use the Taylor Russell tables to evaluate a new selection test, you need information about which of the following
a. predictor cutoff, criterion cutoff, and hit rate
b. base rate, hit rate, and selection ration
c. base rate, selection ration, and validity coeffiecnet
d. base rate, hit rate, and predictor cutroff
C
4-50
In addition to identifying bounded rationality as an impediment to rational decision making, Herbert Simon is known for his work on
a. artifical intelligence
b. job burnout
c. groupthink
d. organizational culture
A
4-52
According to ____"consistency paradox" whie most people view behavior as being relatively stable over different situations, the empirical research has found it to be quite variable
a. Solomon Asch's
b. Stanley Milgram's
c. Albert Bandura's
d. Walter Mischel's
D
4-54
Sampling error is due to
a. the unreliability of the test
b. the invalidity of the tes
c. random factors that produce a nonrepresentative sample
d. non-random factors that produce a nonrepresentative sample
C
4-55
In a research study investigating the possible genetic transmission of ADHD, the proband is
a. the individual who has received a diagnosis of ADHD
b. abiological parent of the individual who has received a diagnosis of ADHD
c. a non-affected biological sibling of the individual who has recieed a diagnosis of ADHD
d. a member of the control group who has been matched to the individual who has recieved a diagnosis of ADHD
A
4-58
A solution focused therapist is working with ahusband and wife whose converstations frequently escalate to bitter fights. The therapist will most likely
'a. reduce tension during therapy sessionb sy having the husband and wife talk directly to her than to each other
b. nstruc tthe couple to take a 10 minute time out whenever they begin to argue at home
c. ask the couple if they can remember a time when they were able to tlak for an extended period without arguing
d. ask the couple what rewards they derive from arguing
C
4-61
Which of the following is true abou the difference between OCPD and OCD?
a. obsessions and compulsions in OCPD are less severe than those in OCD but gegan in early adulthood are are present in a variety of contexts
b. obsessiona and copulsions in OCPD (but not in OCD) are experienced by the individual as ego sytnonic
c. the diagnosis of OCPD (but not OCD) requires the presence of obsession adn compulsions prior to age 21
d. the diagnosis of OCD (but not OCPD)requries the presence of obsessions and/or compulsions
D
4-64
According to Piaget, which of the folloiwng is a necessary prerequisite for the development of reversigility
a. self awareness
b. meta cognition
c. symbolism
d. hypthetico deductive reasoning
C
4-66
Gerard Patterson and colleagues have developed a model to explain the origins of adolescent delinquency. Their approach is most consistent with which of the following:
a. object relations theory
b. social learning theory
c. cognitive developmental theory
d. social comparison theory
C
4-68
Research by Walter Kaye and other suggests that Anorexia Nervosa is associated with higher than normal levels of
a. serotonin
b. acetylcholne
c. dopamine
d. glutamate
A
4-70
A number of inestigators have studied learning processes in non-human animals which of the following does not accurately pair an investigatior with the aspet of learning studied
a. tolman/cognivite maps
b. Koher/the aha experience
c. thorndike/reinforceent
d. Kandel/taste aversion learning
D
4-72
Research on age related changes in cognitive abilities suggests that normal aging is LEAST likely to have a negative impact on which of the following
a. working memoery
b. cued recall
c. free recall
d. picture recognition
D
4-80
In their study of outpatient mental health servies in LA county, Sue et al (1991) found that while clients from all groups showed improvement at the end of therpay, _____ had the best outcomes
a. African Americans
b. Anglos
c. Asian American
d. Hispanic Americans
D
4-81
A nine year old with Panic Disorder
a. has been misdiagnosed because PD does not occur in preadilescent children
b. is mostlikey to manifest his disorder as cryng, freezing, and clinging to his parents
c. is most likely to manifest his disorder as shornteness of breath, chest pain, and heart palpitations and saying that he feels like he's going crazy
d. is most likely to manifest his disorder as shortness of breath, chest pain, tachycardia, and school refusal
D
4-83
Ottitis Media (OM) is a freqntly diagnosed childhood disease. Research on teh lng-term consequences of chronic OM has found that, in gerneal:
a. it does not affect hearing ability
b. it is associated with mild hearing loss that has little or no impact on school achievement
c. it is associated with mild to moderate hearing loss that may have a negative impact on school achievment
d. it is associated with profound hearing loss
C
4-85
A survey conducted by Buhrmester and Furman (1990) of 3rd, 6h, 9th, and 12th graders found taht as children moved toward teh end of middle childhood, relationships between siblings become more
a. distant
b. egalitarian
c. conflictional
d. complementary
B
4-86
Petit mal (absence) seziures appear to have their origin in which area of the brain
a. motor cortx
b. occipital lob
c. amygdala
d. thalamus
D
4-87
Recent research indicates that people with parkinson's have lost at least 80% of ____ producingcells in the substantia nigra
a. norepinephrine
b. dopamine
c. serotonin
d. glutamate
B
4-90
In the 1950s researchers at Ohio State university developed an inflential theory of learship that foused on aleaser's
a personality traits
b. behaviors
c. attitudes toard subordinates
d. power
B
4-91
For patient's with Alzheimer's dmentia, deficits in semantic memory:
a. are apparent prior to deficits in episodic memory
b. are not apparent til the final stages ot the disorder
c. are apparent in the early stages of the disorder but may be more subtle than deficits in episodeic memory
d. are intiaully indistinguishable from deficits associate with normal age-related cotnitive decline
C
4-92
Diabets has been identified as a risk factor for VaD. With regard to Alzheimer's dementia, diabetes:
a. is not assciated with an increased risk
b. is associated with an increased risk only for those ho do not recieve insulin treatment
c. is associated with an increased risk even among those who did receive insulin treatment
d. is associated with an increased risk only for the arly onset type of Alzheimer's
C
4-93
When using the adult attachment interview, a mother will be classfied as ___ if she descirbes her parents in positive terms (e.g., Dad was a very lovign peson) but either reports negative interactions with her parents or says that she can't remember any early interactions with them
a. dismissig
b. preoccupeied
c. unresolved/disorganized
d. resistant
A
4-96
Recent research using brain imaging techniques has found that significant atrophy in the ____ distinguishes peoples wth AD form health peers
a. vestiblar nucleus
b. hyptohalamus
c. entorhinal cortex
d. somatosensory cortex
C
4-99
Researchinvestigating the impact of family charactritiscs on alturism and other prosocial behaviors has shown that
a. children from high income families are more proscoical than children from low income families both outsie and isnide the home setting
b. children from larger families are more proscioal than those form smaller fmailies
c. younger siblings are more proscial than firstborns
d. it is difficult to draw general conclusions about hte relationship between family income, number of children, or ordingal position in the family and prosocial behaviors
D
4-100
A family therapis whose approach incororpates social learning theory is likely to commbine behavioral teachniques with which of the folliwng
a. insight oriented exercises
b. modfication of the family's environment
c. cogntive restructuring exercise
d enhancing problem solving and communciation skills
C
4-102
From the perspective of Beck's cognitive therapy the information processing of suicidal individuals is characterized by a high degree of hopelessness and:
a. equivocation
b. dichotomous thinking
c. personalization
d. automatic thinking
B
4-103
Children at risk for antisocial behavior are most likely to have positive outcomes when:
a. they have higher IQs
b. they are physically attractive
c. they have a special talent
d. they have higher self-esteem
A
4-104
The changes in cognitive flexibility, memory, and everydya behavior (e.g., loss of spontaneity and lack of initiative ) that are characteristic of Parkinson's Disease lend supprt to the hypotheses that this disorder involves subcortical systems that influence the:
a. frontal lobes
b. temporal lobes
c. occipital lobes
d. parietal lobes
A
4-106
ADHD is usually not diagnosed during eaerly childhood be ause:
a. DSM IV requires a duration of symptoms for at least 2 years for the diagnosis
b. S=DMS IV requrires a disturbance in academic functioning for the diagnosis
c. it is difficult to distinguish symptoms of ADHDfrom age-appropriate bheaviors during these years, especially in actve children
d. parents are often unaware that their child is exhibiting problematic behaviors
C
4-107
You would be most concerns about a child with ADHD being presecribes methylphenidate if he has a co-diagnosis of
a. Tourett's
b. conduct disorder
c. major depression
d. metal retardation
A
5-108
From the perspective of 2 factor theory the avoidance response in a phobic reaction is maintained by
a. negative reinforcement
b. positive reinforcement
c. intermittent reinforcement
d. vicarious reinforcement
A
4-109
Research investigating the effects of increasing age on metamemory suggest that
a. metameory skilsl continue to improve thorughout the lifespan
b. oler adults are more likely than younger adults to underestimate the difficulty of a memory task
c. older oldres are as profient as younger adults at estimating their ability to recall information they have just studied
d. all aspects of metamemory begin to declien in the 4th r 5th decade of life
C
4-111
To estabilhs a behavior that an individula does not naturally emit you would use
a. intermitten reinforcement
b. shaping
c. resonse generalization
d. priming
B
4-112
The authors of DMS IV attempted to overcome the difficulties associated with a categorical diagnsotic classification system by
a. using a dimensional system
b. using a combined imensional-categorical system
c. including polythetic driteria for some disorders
d. incodluding nomotheteic criteria sets for some disorders
C
4-117
Coeffiicent alpha is most associated with whichof the following
a. internal validity
b. the robability of making a Type I error
c. internal consistency
d. incremental validity
C
4-119
For miller and dollard, the approach approach conflict
a. is a dilemma because as soon as the individual aproaches on epositive goal, the ull of the other positive goal increases in strength
b. is a dilemmas that is often resolved by leavng the fiedl and chooisng a third goal
c. is not really a dilemma sinced, once the individual begins to approach one positive goal, the strength of the pull of the other positive goal decreass
d. is an unpredictable dilemma because it is impossibe to eer know if the appropriate goal has been selected
C
4-121
A 50 year old man with a frontal lobe tumor has discrepant motor and verbal behavior, occasional episodes of aggression, and problems in initiating behavoral activities. Other symptoms likely to be exhibited by this man include
a. impulsivity and inappropriate euphoira
b. impaired sustained attention and motor perseveration
c. sparse verabl output and lower extremeity weakness
d. occasional hallucinations and a daxed feeling
B
4-124
Damage to the cerebellum is associated with all of the following except
a. apraxia
b. ataxia
c. dysarthria
d. nystagmus
A
4-126
Which of the following theories would predict that job enrigchment would have a deterimental efect on job performance
a. 2 factor
b. acitivation
dc. equity
d. scinetific management
D
4-127
Which of the folloiwng individuals is incorrectly matched with his view of develelopment
a. Rogers - As long as a person doesn't experience disotroiton of denial of his/her self-structure the persona will naturally grow toarrd self actualizaton
b. Erikson People are propeeled by psychologicla and social forces and will develop in health y ways as long as they are provided with appropriate social experiences
c. Skinner Maladjustment is psecidifc to the cuture, the time, the social class dn the situaiton
d Beck Personality reflects cognititions that developh through a process of reciprocal determinism
D
4-128
Developmental research has most consistenly linked anxiety in an expectant mother to wich of the following
a. premature birth
b. childhood autism
c. increased crying in the newborn
d. decereased activity levels in the newbord
c
4-129
When attempting to determine the likelihood that workers will stay on the job it is important to keep in midn that job turnover is LEAST related to
a. job satisfcation
b. job performance
c. job interest
d. availability of other jobs
B
4-131
You are working as a consultant at a factory and your job includes interviewing executive and assembly line workers about the changes they would like to see in their jobs in order to make them more meaningful. Whcih of the following describes the most likely results of your interviews:
a. both executives and assembly line workers will say they would like more status in their jobs
b. executives will say they want more status in their jobs, while assembly line workers will say they want higher pay
c. executives will say they want higher pay, while assembly line workers will they want more status
d. both will want higher pay
B
4-133
Which of the following disorders is known to be cause by brain lesions
a. myasthenia gravis
b. cerebral palsy
c. ystic fiboris
d. Parkinson's
B
4-136
After one year of therapy about ___ percent of clients can be expected to show measurable improvement in symptoms:
a. 90 to 95
b. 75 to 85
c. 55 to 65
d. 40 to 50
B
4-143
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome is characterized by
a. ataxia, cardia arrhytmia and delirium
b. ehadache, tremor, and confusion
c. nausea and voiting, loss of cocordination, and sexizures
d. muscle rigidity, hyperthermia, and stupor
D
4-144
The most recent edition of the Stanford)Binetrepresents an extensive revision of this test. Among other things, when using the new fourth edition:
1. it is no longer necessary to score items as they are administerd
2. performance on the vocabularly subtest is used to help dertmine entry leel on all other subtests
3 fifteen different subtests are administered to each examinee
4. raw subtest scores for each subtest are converted to standard scores that have a mean of 50 and a SD of 8
a. 1 and 4
b 2 and 4
c. 1,2,3
d. all of the above
B
4-145
Which of the ofllowing patient characteristics has been foudn to most consistently correlated with therapy outcome
a. gender
b. ntelligence
c. social class
d. age
B
4-158
Problem drug use among adolescents is mos tlinked to
a. peer pressure
b. lack of information/education
c. alienation
d. early experimentation with drugs
C
4-159
Research on sex differences in leadership style suggest that actual differences between male and female leaders are far less than what might be expected. The research has also shown that
a. males and females are evaluated similaryby group members regardless of their erceived leadership style
b. males are evaluated more favorabley than femalses by group members regardless of their perceived leadership style
c. although males and females are evaluated similarly by group members when they are perceived to have an autcratic leadership styles, malese are evaluated more favorably than femalse when they are perceived to have a participative leadership style
d. although males and females are evaluated similarly by group members when they are perceived to have a participative leadership style, males are evluated more favorably than females when they are perceived to have an autocratic leadership style
D
4-163
African-American adolescents who exhibit a bleded bicultural behavioral pattern
a. are situated midway between ethnic and American culture andare part of neither
b. acknowledge their American heritage but are more strongly influenced by their ethnic background
c. do not distingusih between ethnic and American cultures but have characteristics of both
d. view themselves as equally American and ethnic or as more American
D
4-167'When evaluating a treatment for children suffering from serious behavioral disorders to overcome th ethical problems associated with the use of a wait list control group the best research design would be which of the following
a. single subjce
b. cross section
c. placebo control
d. clinical trials
A
4-170
The problem solving and deicion making abilities of a team of employees who have been working together for several months are beginning to decline. Which of the following would be least useful for improving the performance of this team:
a. having members come up with solutions alone before discussing them with each other
b. dividngn their tasks int o subtask and having sgroups works on those tasks they are best susited for
c. encouraging members of the tam to express more dissent and to be more openly critical abou tthe soluations expressed by other members
d. adding members to the group who are known to be low in dominance
D
4-172
According to Herzberg's two factor theory, a disgruntled blue collar woker is most likely to say he is satisufed with his job if he is
a. given a raise
b. given fewere tasks to do
c. put on a piece rate pay system
d. given more responsibility
D
4-183
A securely attached infant
a. may or may not beocme upset when the parent leaves the room, is conforted by a stranger and seeeks contact wth the parent upon reunion
b. becoes upset when the parent leaves the room, is unlikely tto b e comforted by a stranger and seeks comfort from the parent on reunion
c. becomes upset when the parent leaves the room is comfoted by a stranger and may or may not seek contact with the parent on reuinion
d. becomes upset when the parent leaves the foom, seeks comforta froma a steragner if upset and resumes play when the parent returns
B