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18 Cards in this Set

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an idea that a population of organisms can change over the generations if individuals having certain heritable traits leave more offspring than other individuals
natural selection
a prevalence of ingerited characheristics that enhance organisms' survival and reproduction in specific environments
evolutionary adaptation
the genetic composition of a population changing over time
evolution
a philosophy dedicated to discovering the Creator's plan by studying nature
natural theology
the branch of biology concerned with naming and classifying the diverse forms of life
taxonomy
relics or impressions of organisms from the past, preserved in rock
fossils
rocks formed from the sand and mud that settle at the bottom of lakes, seas, and marshes
sedimentary rock
the study of fossils
paleontology
the speculation that each boundary between the strata corresponded in time to a catastrophe
catastrophism
the theory which holds that profound change is the cumulative product of slow but continuous process
gradualism
Lyell's idea that geologic processes have not changed throughout Earth's history
uniformitarianism
Darwin's initial phrase for the general process of evolution
descent with modification
the breeding of domesticated plants and animals
artificial selection
similarity in characteristics resulting from common ancestry
homology
structures in different species that are similar because of common ancestry
homologous structures
structures of marginal, if any, importance to the organism
vestigial organs
the geographic distribution of species
biogeography
plants and animals that are found nowhere else in the world
endemic