Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/50

Click to flip

50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Pope Gregory
Gregorian Chant has it's name from him
Gregorian Chant
non-metric, monophonic, free flowing

Also known as: plainsong & plainchant
Neumes
signs, memory tools
Syllabic
Text setting with 1 note per syllable
Neumatic
Text setting with 2, 4, 6, notes per syllable
Melismatic
Text setting with many notes per syllable
Proper
Part of the mass - varies
Ordinary
Part of the mass - remains the same
Mass
The most sacred ritual in the Roman Catholic Church
Organum
Earliest polyphony of the late Middle Ages
Motet
Polyphonic choral composition

Middle Ages - sacred & secular
Renaissance - sacred only
5 sections of the mass
Kryie - ABA Form
Gloria
Credo
Sanctus
Agnus Dei - ABA Form
Requiem
Mass for the dead; Funeral
Jongleurs
Wandering minstrels
Troubadours
Higher musicians, finders & mentors, perform for aristocracy

South France
Trouveres
Higher musicians, finders & mentors, perform for aristocracy

North France

Females - Trouverettes
Psaltery, Vielle, Dulcimer
String instruments
Sackbut
Brass
Ancestor = trombone
Recorder
Woodwind, held vertically

Ancestor = flute
Lute
Plucked

Ancestor = guitar
Shawm
Long, nasal, penetrating woodwind
Nakers
Percussion (pitched & unpitched)

Ancestor = small drum
Tabor
Percussion (pitched & unpitched)

Larger drum then Naker

Ancestor = Bongo
Notre Dame School
Paris, preservation of knowledge.

Students = Leonin & Perotin
Leonin & Perotin
Developers of Organum
Machaut
French composer, Middle Ages, love song, first chanson
Ars Nova
New Art
Isorhythm
Short, rhythmic patterns that repeat
Cantus Firmus
Fixed melody
Strophic
Melody repeats with each stance of poem
Josquin Desprez
Burgundian composer, wrote hundreds of motets

Ave Maria
Monteverdi
One of the greatest writers of Italian madrigals & early opera's
Madrigal
Emulates word painting, secular, polyphonic. Originated in Italy, with or without instruments, set to lyric love poem
Chanson
French, polyphonic love song
Hildegard von Bingen
Nun, composer, mystic, historian
Palestrina
Composer who met the Council of Trents demands. Music genre was "Mass", sacred, a cappella
Council of Trent
Reform group for the Roman Catholic Church
Reformation
Church reform movement
Martin Luther
Led revolt for Reformation of church
Renaissance
Intellectual & scientific discovery era; Awakening, humanism

Learned from civil societies of the past
Humanism
Idea, art, thought, rather then divine
Word Painting
Words that mirror the music, expressive device (madrigals)

Ex: Lyrics = Johnny's running "up" the hill. Music/note = ascending
A cappella
No accompaniment
Continuous Imitation
Soprano to alto; Wander line to line, voice to voice
Salterello
Italian jumping dance
2 Important Genre's from the Renaisannce Period
Chanson & Madrigal
Josquin - Ave Maria
Listening
Genre: Motet
Sacred
Texture: Polyphonic
Period: Renaisannce
Farmer: Fair Phylis
Listening
Genre: Madrigal
Secular
Texture: Polyphonic
Period: Renaissance
Gregorian Chant aka Plainsong, Plain Chant
Listening
Genre: Chant
Sacred
Texture: Monophonic
Period: Middle Ages
Chanson
Listening
Genre: Chanson
Secular
Texture: Polyphonic
Period: Middle Ages