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194 Cards in this Set

  • Front
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Accelerando
Getting gradually quicker
adagio
slow
allegretto
fairly quick (but not as quick as allegro)
allegro
quick (cheerful)
andante
at a medium, "walking" speed
cantabile
in a singing style
crescendo
getting gradually louder
da capo
Repeat from the beginning
dal segno
repeat form the sign
decrescendo/diminuendo
getting gradually quicker
fine
the end
forte
loud
fortissimo
very loud
legato
smoothly
lento
slow
mezzo
half
mezzo forte
moderately loud
mezzo piano
moderately quiet
moderato
moderately
allegro moderato
moderately quick
piano
quiet
pianomisso
very quiet
poco
a little
rallentando
gradually getting slower
ritardando
gradually getting slower
ritenuto
held back
staccato
detached
tempo
speed, time
a tempo
in time
ottavo
octave
a
at, to , by, for, in , in the style of
al, alla
to the, in the manner of
alla marcia
in the style of a march
allargando
broadening (getting a little slower and probably a little louder)
andantino
slightly faster than Andante (but may also mean slightly slower)
assai
very
allegro assai
very quick
con, col
with
dolce
sweet, soft
e,ed
and
espressivo
expressive
fortepiano
loud, then immediately soft
giocoso
playful, merry
grave
very slow, solemn
grazioso
graceful
larghetto
rather slow (but not as slow as largo)
ma
but
maestoso
majestic
meno
less
molto
very, much
mosso, moto
movement
meno mosso
slower
con moto
with movement
non
not
più
more
presto
fast (faster than allegro)
senza
without
sforzando / sforzato
forced, accented
simile
in the same way
sostenuto
sustained
tenuto
held
troppo
too much
non troppo
not too much
vivace, vivo
lively , quick
adagietto
rather slow (but faster than adagio)
ad libitum
at choice, meaning that a passage may be played freely
agitato
agitated
alla breve
with a minium beat, equivalent to 2/2, implying a faster tempo than the note valeues might otherwise suggest
amore
love, soul, spirit
amoroso
loving
con anima
"with feeling" or "spirited'
animato
animated, lively
animando
becoming more lively
ben
well
brio
vigour
con brio
with vigour, lively
comodo
convenient
tempo comodo
at a comfortablel speed
deciso
with determination
delicato
delicate
energico
energetic
forza
force
largamente
broadly
leggiero
light, nimble
marcato
emphatic, accented
marziale
in a military style
mesto
sad
pesante
heavy
prima, primo
first
risoluto
bold, strong
tenuto
held
troppo
too much
non troppo
not too much
vivace, vivo
lively , quick
adagietto
rather slow (but faster than adagio)
ad libitum
at choice, meaning that a passage may be played freely
agitato
agitated
alla breve
with a minium beat, equivalent to 2/2, implying a faster tempo than the note valeues might otherwise suggest
amore
love, soul, spirit
amoroso
loving
con anima
"with feeling" or "spirited'
animato
animated, lively
animando
becoming more lively
ben
well
brio
vigour
ritmico
rhythmically
rubato, tempo rubato
with some freedom of time
scherzando,scherzoso
playful, joking
seconda, secondo
second
semplice
simple, plain
sempre
always
stringendo
gradually getting faster
subito
suddenly
tanto
so much
tranquillo
calm
triste, tristamente
sad, sorrowful
volto
time
prima volta
first time
seconda volta
second time
affettuoso
tenderly
affrettando
hurrying
amabile
amiable, plesant
appassionato
with passion
calando
getting softer, dying away (and usually slowing down)
cantando
singing
come
as, similar to
come prima
as before
come sopra
as above
facile
easy
fuoco
fire
guisto
proper, exact
tempo guisto
in strict tome
l'istesso
the same
l'istesso tempo
at the same speed
morendo
dying away
niente
nothing
nobilmente
nobly
perdendosi
dying away
possible
possible
presto possible
as fast as possible
quasi
as if, resembling
sonoro
resonant, with rich tone
sopra
above
sotto
below
sotto voce
in an undertone
veloce
swift
voce
voice
à (f)
to, at (f)
animé (f)
animated, lively (f)
assez (f)
enough, sufficiently (f)
avec (f)
with (f)
cédez (f)
yield, relax the speed (f)
douce (f)
sweet (f)
en dehors (f)
prominent (a direction to make a melody stand out) (f)
et (f)
and (f)
légèrement (f)
light (f)
lent (f)
slow (f)
mais (f)
but (f)
moins (f)
less (f)
modéré (f)
at a moderate speed (f)
non (f)
not (f)
peu (f)
little (f)
plus (f)
more (f)
presser (f)
hurry (f)
en pressent (f)
hurrying on (f)
ralentir (f)
slow down (f)
retenu (f)
held back (f)
en retenant (f)
holding back, slowing a little (f)
sans (f)
without (f)
très (f)
very (f)
un, une (f)
one (f)
vif (f)
lively (f)
vite (f)
quick (f)
con sordini
with mutes
senza sordini
without mutes
what are mutes?
devices that string or brass instruments use to soften the sound
pizzicato
a direction to string players to pluck the strings with their fingers instead of a bow
arco
bow is to be used again
Sul G
play on the G string
sul ponticello
play near the bridge
violin
treble clef
viola
alto clef
cello
bass clef
double bass
bass clef
flute
treble clef
oboe
treble clef
clarinet
trebe clef
bassoon
bass clef
trumpet
treble clef
horn
treble clef
trombone
bass clef
tuba
bass clef
acciaccature
plural of an acciaccatura
appoggiature
plural of a appoggiatura