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12 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Phrase
The shortest musica unit that ends with a cadence
Period
A two-phrase unit; the 1st has a weaker cadence than the 2nd. Normally, 1st ends on dominant (V=half cadence) and 2nd ends on tonic (I=authentic cadence)
Parallel Period
The melodies of both phrases are similar
Contrasting Period
The melodies of both phrases are contrasting
Double Period
A four-phrase unit; the dominant cadence (V=half cadence) is at the end of the 2nd phrase, the tonic (I=authentic cadence) at the end of the 4th
Parallel Double Period
If phrases one and three are similar melodically
Perfect Authentic Cadence (PAC)
Root-position V or V7 to root-position I (or i) with the tonice note in the outer voice in the tonic chord.
Imperfect Authentic Cadence (IAC)
Not as trong as PAC. One or both of the chords may be inverted. The tonic chord may have something other than the tonic in the highest voice.
Plagal Cadence
Subdominant to tonic (IV-I or iv-i)
Deceptive Cadence
Dominant to something other than the tonic, usually the submediant (V-vi or V-VI)
Half Cadence
Usually supertonic to dominant or subdominant to dominant (the final chord of the cadence is the dominant -V)
Phrygian Cadence
A specific type of half cadence found only in minor mode (First inversion subdominant to root poisition dominant - iv6 to V)