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120 Cards in this Set

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the organization of time in music
rhythm
an even oulse dividing the passing of time into equal segments
beat
the gathering of beats into regular groups; also called a measure; also called a bar
meter
measures are indicated by a vertical line
meter
consist of 2,3, or 4 beats
meter
the standard meters are duple, triple, and quadruple
meter
a numerical symbol indicating the meter
time signature
indicates what note value gets the beat
bottom number
identifies how many occur in each measure
time signature
1st beat in a meausre
downbeat
last beat in a measure
upbeat
a weak beat
upbeat
an upbeat that occurs prior to a composition's 1st downbeat
pickup
provides extra momentum
pickup
an emphasis or stress placed on a musical tone or chord
accent
the organization of time in music
rhythm
an even oulse dividing the passing of time into equal segments
beat
the gathering of beats into regular groups; also called a measure; also called a bar
meter
measures are indicated by a vertical line
meter
consist of 2,3, or 4 beats
meter
the standard meters are duple, triple, and quadruple
meter
a numerical symbol indicating the meter
time signature
indicates what note value gets the beat
bottom number
identifies how many occur in each measure
time signature
1st beat in a meausre
downbeat
last beat in a measure
upbeat
a weak beat
upbeat
an upbeat that occurs prior to a composition's 1st downbeat
pickup
provides extra momentum
pickup
an emphasis or stress placed on a musical tone or chord
accent
displacing the natural accent from a strong beat to a weak beat or between beats
syncopation
gives an exexpected bounce or lift to the music
syncopation
Haydn Symphony No. 4
syncopation
tempo = ?
speed
which one is faster: andante or lento?
andante
is tempo normally steady?
yes
what are the 2 basic instructions available to alter the tempo?
accelerando, ritardando, and allegro
a series of notes arranged in order to form a distinctive, recognizable unit
tempo
the lyrical voice for music
tempo
the relative position high or low of a musical sound
pitch
the exact duplication of a pitch at a higher or lower level
the octave
the organization of music around a central tone
tonality
the central tone or pitch that establishes tonality
tonic
what gravitates around the tonic and ends on it?
melodies
a specific tonal center built on a tonic scale
key
a sequence of musical symbols. sharps, and flats placed at the beginning of the musical score
key signature
identifies the specific tonality of the composition
key signature
changing from 1 key or tonality to another within a composition
modulation
an arrangement of pitches that ascend and descend in a fizxed and unvarying pattern
scale
a term describing a general type of scale: major, minor..
mode
a 7 note scale that ascends in the following order of whole and 1/2 steps: 1-1-1 2-1-1-1-1 2
major
associated with emtions of joy and confidence
major
a 7 note scale that ascends in the following order of whole and 1/2 notes: 1-1 2-1-1-1 2-1-1
minor
anxiety, sorrow, and despair
minor
the 7 notes tha make up the major and minor scale
diatonic
term derived from the Greek word chroma meaning "color"
chromatic
a scale that divides the octave into 12 half steps
chromatic
which one is more intense: chromatic of diatonic?
chromatic
how do melodies move?
conjunct motion moving by steps and without leaps or a disjunctive motion moving by leaps rather than by steps
the sounds that support and enrich the melody
harmony
what adds depth?
harmony
a group of 2 or more pitches that sound at the same time
chord
the basic chord in music
triad
distance between pitches
interval
what do triads consist of?
2 intervals of a 3rd placed one on top of the other
what are the 3 basic triads?
tonic, dominant, and subdominant
the triad built on 1st degree of scale
tonic triad
the chord that provides a sense of rest and arrival
tonic triad
built on 5th degree of scale
dominant triad
has strong tendency to move to the tonic
dominant triad
built on the 4th degree of music
subdominant triad
helps create strong cadence to tonic chord
subdominant
the purposeful movement of a sequence of chords
chord progression
playing the notes of a chord sequentially rather than simultaneously
arpeggio
chords that sound agreeale and stable and give a sense of rest
consonance
chords that sound discordant, tense, and unstable
dissonance
provides harmonic momentum to a consonance
dissonance
the tome quality of any sound produced by a voice or instrument
color
teacher LOVES this term
synonymous with timbre
color partially determined by vocal range
the voice
4 classes of voice?
soprano, alto, tenor, and bass
what is color partially determined by?
style of singing and individual characteristics
instrument-sound produced by a vibrating string
strings
the smalled of orchestral string instruments
violin
has the highest pitch of instruments
violin
slightly larger than the violin
viola
which instruments has a slightly darker, more sombre tone?
viola
which instrument has a deep sound and is the held between the performer's legs?
cello
which instrument has a rich, expressive tone?
cello
which instrument has a buzzing sound and is the largest of the instruments?
double bass
which instrument adds weight and power to the bass line?
double bass
which instrument is a common folk instrument throughout the world?
harp
what is a rapid run up or down a string
glissando
what is a controlled wobble in the pitch produced by shaking the hand that holds down the string?
vibrato
what special effect adds richness to the tone?
vibrato
what is plucking rather than bowing the string?
pizzicato
what is a musical tremor?
tremolo
what is made by rapidly repeating the same pitch with quick movements of the bow?
tremolo
what is a rapid alteration between 2 neighboring pitches?
a trill
what is a device played on strings?
mute
what classification of instruments have sound produced by a column of air?
woodwinds
what is the largest and most colorful ensemble?
the symphony orchestra
when was the symphony originated?
during the 17th century
what are the varioud levels of volume, loud and soft, at which sounds are produced in a musical composition?
dynamics
what is the density and disposition of musical lines?
texture
what are 3 primary textures in music?
monophonic, polyphonic, and homophonic
music that moves in parallel lines
monophonic
what are 2 types of counterpoint?
imitative and free counterpoint
which counterpoint enters separately and duplicates some portion of what the previous voice presented?
imitative
what is polyphony in which each line is melodically independent of any other? (a counterpoint)
free counterpoint
"same sounding"
homophony
what is the purposeful organization of music?
form
what are 3 principles of form?
repetition, contrast, and variation
which principle of form helps establish weight, balance, and symmetry?
repetition
which principle of form is variety and conflict?
contrast
what is a refrain that alternates with contrasting music?
rondo form
what is the most familiar music form?
strophic form
each repetition of the melody is varied in some manner
theme and variation
what is 2 contrasting units :a and b?
binary form
what form is 3 sections?
ternary form :ABA