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53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
AABA
Form of many standard tunes.
32 bars
4 sections of 8 bars
Includes a bridge
16 measures of music
Blues
A feeling. Also a form of music
12 bars
3 sections of 4 bars

Statement, Statement, Commentary
Bridge
The middle section of AABA tune. Different key area usually. It leads back to the A section. Also part of a stringed intrument that hold up the strings.
Chorus
One pass through the form of the tune. Similar to going around the board in monopoly. Most people play TOO many choures.
Solo-Break
A spot where the band stops playing in order to let the soloist get started.
Stop-time
the soloist is the only timekeeper. The rhythm section and/or band usually plays a note every two to four bars
Trading Fours
alternating four x bar phrases between the rest of the band and the drummer. A type of drum solo
Vamp
a short section (usually 2 bars)
repeated over and over
Verse
Introductory section of a popular song or ballad as distinguished from the chorus. Irregular # OF BARS
ASCAP
AMERICAN SOCIETY OF COMPOSERS, AUTHORS, AND PUBLISHERS. LICENSING AGENCY (BMI)
GIG
a musicians job, engangment (slang)
JAM SESSION
an informal gathering of muscians playing on their own time and improvising on one or two numbers. After hrs. not found anymore
** Where you learn the craft
SIDEMAN
A musican in the band, diff. from the leader. **makes less money
ATTACK
To start a note. Diff. shapes
BEAT
same as pulse (heartbeat)
stays the same
BLUE NOTE
A note, part of a particular scale, that gives a bluesy quality to the musical line. includes flat 3,5, and 7. Also a very famous Jazz Club in NYC
CALL AND RESPONSE
A generic term used in composition and improvisation, orginates from black church music
CHANGES
see harmonic progression; a series of chords, or harmonies. Reffered to as the changes
ANTIPONAL
A form of musical response, i.e. one choir answering another; music charaterized by the alternation of two or more parts.
CHOPS
Technical facility, endurance (slang)
CHROMATIC
Notes that are "foriegn" to a given key, and the free utilization of altered notes.

** notes that lend color to the sound of a chord or scale
CRESCENDO
Musical term meaning get louder
DIMINUENDO
Musical term meaning get softer
DISCOGRAPHY
A list of recordings, usually characterized by genre,player or band.
Flat
1. To play below the pitch
2. A chromatic alteration to pitch
Harmonic Progression
A series of chords, or harmonies. Referred to a changes
Head
The melody of a tune. A jazz performance usually begins with playing the "head"
Lick
Similar to a riff- a pattern of notes, in all keys, used as the basic vocab. of jazz
Measure
same as bar. A group of pulses.
Meter
The groupings of pulses or beats. It can be caused by accenting certain beats.
**Top # indicates # of beats/ measure
Bottom # indicates what unit recieves 1 beat
Mode
Similar to scale. A sequence of acoustic relantionships. Not the same as key
Mute
An accesory to a brass instrument, it changes the soud making it brassier, softer
Obligato
An accompanying line or part, used to enhance a melody
Pentatonics
a five note scale, with no 4th or 7th. Used as vocabulary for the jazz language
Pizz
"Pizzicato"- the strings are plucked instead of bowed(arco)
Plunger
A common rubber toilet plunger used as a melting device by trumpet and trombone players
Realease
1. to stop a note
2. The bridge
Riff
a short repetitive figure usually played by a section behind a soloist
Rythmn
The pattern that goes on top of the beat
Rubato
free in tempo
Scale
a series of acoustical relantionships that divide the octave into tones and semitones
Sharp
1. To play above the pitch
2. A chromatic alteration to pitch
Shake
An instrumental effect sounding like a trill but with a wider intervallic reange. Produced by "shaking" the mouthpiece against the lips
Syncopation
A temporary shifting or displacement of a regular metrical accent; emphasis on a weak or unaccented note so as th displace the regular meter.
Tag
A colloquial expression, meaning an added or "tagged" on ending
Tempo
Relative speed of the pulse
**measure in beats per minute reffered to with one of the following teri, slow,fast, medium, walking
Timbre
Tone color. Caused by relative strenght to the overtone series.
** This describes the sounds of diff. instruments
Tonality
Key area. Certain chords have more strenght and "pull" than others, setting up a hierarchy of chords.
** can be minor or major
Triplet
3 notes, played such that they equal two notes of the same value. 3 equal notes played within one beat, two beats, or four beats.
Turnaround
Term for that part of an improvised chorus during which the chord proggression returns to the intital chord of the piece or tonic. usually occurs at the last two bars of an 8 or 12 bar structure. Most jazz musicans have a # of patterns or "licks" that will fit these changes
Vibrato
Rapid up and down motion of the pitch. Give warmth to a sound. from the verb "vibrate"
**Jazz singers use it at the end of the note
Voicing
Manipulation of certain chord tones, putting in different order
Walking Bass
A bass line or quarter notes on the pulse, that just "walks alone" They can be stepwise or scalar
** the include steps or leaps