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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
beating tones
acoustical phenomenon perceived as shimmering quality
clave
instrument and rhythmic pattern
charanga
a type of cuban dance music that involves the flute and violin. Charanga orchaestras.
congas
tall, narrow, single headed drum from cuba but of African origin
danzon
official music of cuba, european ballroom influence
gamelan
a large indonesian ensemble consisting mainly of metallophones
gamelan gong kebyar
a type of balinese gamelan, known particularly for its shimmering sound and interlocking parts
montuno
repeated part of song in salsa music and style of piano playing in cuban/salsa music
pelog
gamelan tuning system / scale
slendro
common scale used in indonesian gamelan
timbales
single headed drums, highly tuned shallow tom toms of
cello
bowed, stringed instrument... lowest sounding violin family
erhu
chinese violin, 2 string fiddle
glissando
continuous sliding from one pitch to another
pipa
pear shaped lute, chinese lute... father of the biwa, bipa
pentatonic
5 note scale
sheng
mouth blown reed instrument consisting of vertical pipes
tabla
popular indian percussion instrument, pair of hand drums
tremolo
regular, rapid repitition of a regular note
bandoneon
a button accordian associated with the Tango
bhangra
A tightly choreographed men’s group dance, originally from the Punjab region of North India, with pronounced leg and shoulder movements and occasional waving of arms high overhead; bhangra has become a popular competitive dance in the Asian diaspora
compadrito
a type of urban gaucho reputed to be both Don Juan and pimp
dhol
a double-headed South Asian membranophone associated with bhangra
giddha
a dance performed by the Punjabi women that is equivalent to the male bhangra
habanera
musical style or genre from Cuba with a characteristic "Habanera rhythm"; it is one of the oldest mainstays of Cuban music and the first of the dances from Cuba to be exported all over the world
Kathak
one of the classical dance forms of India (originally from North India). It is a narrative dance form characterized by fast footwork (tatkar), spins (chakkar) and innovative use of bhav in abhinaya
Milonga
an Argentinian and Uruguayan form of music, as dance, as the term for the place where tango is danced
new tango
a tango composed expressly for listening
syncopation
a rhythmic effect that provides an unexpected accent, often by temporarily unsettling the meter through a change in the established pattern of stressed and unstressed beats
tango
an Argentinian derived style of song and dance
chant
a musical setting of a sacred text, or a repertoire of such works
dabtara
Ethiopian church musicians who are also scribes and healers
dbyangs
a type of biphonic Tibetan chant characterized by sustained notes in a low register and audible harmonics
Ge’ez
The Ethiopian Christian liturgical language – in lower case it means the most important of 3 categories of mode in Ethiopian Christian ritual music
Kebaro
Ethiopian double-headed conical membranophone
Liturgy
the content of a religious ritual
Melekket
The motivational symbols in Ethiopian Christian chant, derived from Ge’ez language characters, each representing a short melody
Mode
a flexible term that can refer, depending on the context, to a musical system or a particular series of pitches. Examples: ge’ez, major mode, minor mode, tizita
Rekrek
the vocal slides characteristic of the ge’ez mode in Ethiopian Christian chant
Sadhana
A Tibetan Buddhist ritual meditation text
sistra
A sistrum is a musical instrument of the percussion family, chiefly associated with ancient Egypt

used in rites of Ethiopian churches
Sunday school songs
a repertory of Ethiopian Christian songs that emerged in the early 1990s with texts primarily in Amharic instead of Ge’ez
Ululation
A vocal sound of joy or celebration commonly produced by women in Africa and the middle east
zema
Ethiopian Christian chant; the music of the Ethiopian Christian liturgy
harmony
the collective sound of a series of chords, serving as a support to a melody. The term also refers to a set of rules that govern the progression of sound in Western Classical music
homophonic texture
A musical texture, as in the western hymn, where the parts perform different pitches but move in the same rhythm
mbube
a South African vocal genre popularized in recordings and spread internationally, featuring falsetto singing and Western style harmony
Rasta subculture
A religious movement from Jamaica whose adherents venerate the Ethiopian emperor Haile Selassie
Reggae
A style of urban Jamaican popular music that originated among the Rastafarians of Jamaica in the 1960s
Riddim
Insider term for the various marked rhythmic properties of reggae that convey, in coded form the subversiveness of the Rastafarian subculture and its associated soundscape