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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the two terms used in reference to the relative harmonic stability of intervals?
Consonance; Dissonance
What are consonant intervals?
stable intervals; usually used as starting and ending points
How do consonant endings make a work sound?
What are dissonant intervals?
unstable intervals; rarely used as starting and ending points
What feeling do dissonant beginnings give a piece?
unsettled; disorganized
What feeling do dissonant endings give a piece?
unfinished feeling; leaves listener expecting more
Who was said to be from antiquity?
Who was said to be of the medieval period (c. 480-24/26)
What did both say?
one should use mathematics rather than the ear to determine consonance or dissonance of an interval
What were considered dissonant?
thirds, sixths, and seconds
In the Renaissance, composers began to judge consonance and dissonance by _______ rather than by _______.
human ear; mathematics
Who held the view that consonance and dissonance should be judged by the human ear rather than by mathematics?
Aristoxenus of Antiquity
Aristoxenus's approach was consistent with what movement?
humanist movement--emphasis on human insight
Who was born in 1435 and died in 1511?
Johannes Tinctoris
What did he write?
wrote that the third and the sixth were consonant just because they sounded consonant
How did Tinctoris refer to the third in response to what?
referred to the "sweetness" of the third; response to humanism
What were considered to be "perfect" consonances?
octave and fifth
What were also now considered consonant?
thirds and sixths
Where/When did Tinctoris discuss the development of the trend of contenance angloise in the music of French composers?
1477 in his treatise Liber de arte contrapuncti
______ were still considered to be dissonant, but ______ were now thought dissonant too.
seconds; fourths
Due to changing views on ____________, many Renaissance pieces had a strong emphasis on the use of ______ and ______ as consonances.
consonance and dissonance; thirds and sixths
Name some French composers.
Guillaume Du Fay; Gilles Binchois; Johannes Ockeghem; Antoine Busnois; Johannes Regis
treatise Proportionale musices
Johannes Tinctoris; 1476; trend said to have begun in England and spread to France and northern Europe
Who was the main composer of this movement?
John Dunstable; named so by Tinctoris in his Proportionale musices
John Dunstable
Guillaume Du Fay
Gilles Binchois
Johannes Ockeghem
Antoine Busnois
Johannes Regis
Johannes Tinctoris
Who named the style contenance angloise?
Martin le Franc; french poet
What does contenance angloise mean?
Literally "English guise;" refernce to the fact that the style was English in origin
What is pervading imitation?
when voices enter in sequence with very similar or identical melodies and rhythms
By the ______ century, pervading imitation had become ___________ in Renaissance music
late fifteenth; regular fixture
What is an example of pervading imitation?
opening section of the Kyrie in Josquin des Prez's Missa pange lingua
Describe the pervading imitation in the aforementioned.
voices enter in sequence at different pitch levels and sing the same melodic and rhythmic material on the word "Kyrie"
What is the correct sequence after the opening?
tenor, bass (bassus), soprano {superius), alto (altus)
The ______ and ______ are a fifth below the ______ and ______ respectively.
bassus, altus; superius, tenor;
What are points of imitation? What do they usually do?
places where the voices enter separatedly; lend a sense of muical structure to text by starting a piece or by setting off new sections of the text