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42 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Dan Emmett
1843; Mt. Vernon, Ohio - first intentionally organized minstrel band, Virginia Minstrels. Held a patent! Circuses, comedy routines. ("The Boatman's Dance")
Virginia Minstrels
None from VA -- named this way because VA was a slave state. Held a patent
Tony Pastor
Varitety performer and theater owner in Manhattan. Began his career with Bowery? One of founding forces behind American vaudeville.
Edward E. Rice & J. Cheever Goodwin
1875 - Evangeline, a burlesque.
Gilbert & Sullivan
Knighted by Queen Victoria. Operettas all told hte same story of people outwitting the class system. Americans liked the memorable music and silly songs. 1878 - HMS Pinafore. Also wrote The Pirates of Penzance.
Victor Herbert
Born in Dublin, educated in Germany. Between 1984-1910, created 40 operettas. Includes Naugty Marietta (1910) about a high born French woman who is mistaken for a prostitute in America after escaping her arranged marriage. Ship captured by pirates, saved by soldiers. Falls in love with ship's captain.
George M. Cohan
Long time vaudevillian (one of the Four Cohans). Wants do do musical comedy representative of US -- "American indigenous theater." Known as the "man who owned Broadway." Created the prototypical musical comedy. Includes Little Johnny Jones (songs "Give My Regards to Broadway," "Yankee Doodle Dandy," etc.), about an American jockey in England accused of throwing a race. Work had a patriotic sentimentality, not perfect, but very vernacular.
Reginald de Koven
1890 - (music) Robin Hood.
Ed Harrigan & Tony Hart
Ethnic burlesque Mulligan Guard Farces about the Irish. ("The Babies on Our Block" - Catholics with 100 thousand children)
Joe Weber & Lew Fields
Comic duo "Weber & Fields." Wrote German ethnic burlesque, known as "Dutch knockabout."
Jerome Kern
music for Show Boat (1927) and other Princess Theater shows, including Very Good Eddie (1915).
Eubie Blake & Noble Sissle
Blake (music) & Sissle (lyrics) wrote Shuffle Along - 1921. Blake a ragtime piano player. Shuffle Along about two men (Miller & Lyke, book's authors) competing to be mayor of Jimtown, Dixieland. Both lose to 3rd cand. "Real adult love story & song." Song: "Love Will Find a Way."
Richard Rodgers & Oscar Hammerstein II
Rogers self-taught, had a knack for melody. Oklahoma, Carousel, South Pacific, The King and I, The Sound of Music. Dominant Broadway team of 1940s and 50s. Created the cliche Broadway formula: dramatic source with its own integrity, musical interpretation of social/political issues, danging/productions, stand alone songs integral to drama.
Alan J. Lerner & Frederick Loewe
1956 - My Fair Lady. Also Camelot and The Little Prince.
Leonard Bernstein
West Side Story with Stephen Sondheim & Jerome Robbins. Composer, conductor and pianist.
Jerome Robbins
The King and I, West Side Story, Fiddler on the Roof (director/choreographer), directed Funny Girl.
Cole Porter
composer and songwriter for Kiss Me, Kate (1948).
Frank Loesser
Music and lyrics for How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying. Guys and Dolls.
Jule Styne
Music for Funny Girl, High Button Shoes, Gentleman Prefer Blondes, Bells Are Ringing, Gypsy.
Stephen Sondheim
Music and lyrics for Company, Follies, A Little Night Music, Sweeney Todd, Into the Woods, Assassins, Frogs, Passion, A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum,
Harold Prince
Directed Follies, Sweeney Todd, Phantom of the Opera and A Little Night Music; produced and directed Company.
Michael Bennett
Directed/choreographed Follies, choreography for Company. Story for/directed/choreographed A chorus Line.
Tom O'Horgan
Directed Hair, story for/directed Jesus Christ Superstar.
Galt MacDermot, Gerome Ragni, James Rado
Music by Galt, lyrics and story by Ragni and Rado for Hair.
Andrew Lloyd Webber
Music for Jesus Christ Superstar, Cats, Phantom of the Opera
Claude-Michael Schonberg & Alain Boubill
Les Miserables (1985), Miss Saigon (1987). Schonberg - music. Boubill - lyrics.
Jonathan Larson
music for Rent.
Ziegfeld Follies
by Florenz Ziegfeld. More elaborate than vaudeville. Started in 1900, 23 editions. Overriding theme of American womanhood. Introduced Fannie Brice. BROADWAY REVUE.
Rogers & Hammerstein (1943). Based on Lynn Riggs' play, Green Grow the Lilacs. Dark play about farmers and ranchers. MUSICAL PLAY.
French Canadian being butt out of LA. Men playe women, women played men. By Edward E. Rice & J. Cheever Goodwin.
1972 - About "simpler times." SATIRICAL MUSICAL COMEDY.
1927 - "a preview of where Broadway could go." Music by Kern, lyrics by Hammerstein. Most important musical theater event of the century. "American opera." Serious subject matters: race/discrimination, mixed marriages, alcoholism, gambling, single parents, etc. *FIRST EXAMPLE OF A MUSICAL PLAY.
The Black Crook
Robin Hood
by Reginald De Koven (music) and Harry B. Smith (lyrics) - 1890. Has had many revivals.
South Pacific
1949 - Rodgers & Hammerstein. Based on book of interviews of soldiers/sailors. Real time, war-like drama. Deals with racism. About a supply island with Polynesian population. Woman trying to marry off her daughter to a white man. Tons of love stories; war.
Pal Joey
1940 - atypical of Broadway at the time. Erotic. By Rodgers and Hart. "Traditional, white, romantic lyrical theater." Takes place in a bar, not a single character you'd want to know in real life.
1982 - Fantasy. By Andrew Lloyd Webber, based on a book by T.S. Eliot. Ran for 18 years. No plot; elaborate costumes, scenery, dancing. EXTRAVAGANZA.
minstrel show
Blackface minstrel show was America's first indigenous theater. Black stereotypical characters (Jim Crow, Zip Coon). Became minstrel bands with semi-circle shape on stage. Free variety show with everything rehearsed but the order. Included minstrel songs, dances, comic dialog and skits.
Book musicals (had a plot/storyline). Originated from the minstrel show. Examples: The Black Crook, The Wizard of Oz.
Not initially a strip show - dealt with parody of something serious. Originated from minstrel show. Includes Evangeline and ethnic burlesques, such as Mulligan Guard Farces.
series of variety acts connected by a theme. Originated in Paris with topical revues (politics, etc.). Examples: Ziegfield Follies, The Passing Show.
imported from Paris, Vienna, London. Humorous, heavy on the satire, NOT sung all the way through and in language of the common people. Sentimental play (boy meets girl type stories). Less sophisticated than opera, more than burlesque. For middle class. Set in exotic places. More musical than typical mysical theater production and the music was written FOR that particular play. Examples: Gilbert & Sullivan's HMS Pinafore, Pirates of Penzance; Robin Hood, Naughty Marietta, The Merry Widow. Declined in WWI with no time for frivolty; wanted American theater on stage. Plot secondary to showmanship.