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60 Cards in this Set

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Motet
three different voices with different style?
Incipit
chant quotation such as "ky-ri-e" held for a long time by an instrument.
Franconian Motet
France of Colon, saught to make each voice independent and unique
Petronian Motet
lively, free, speechlike
Harmonic Vocabulary
used chords as dissonance, and used parrallell fifths instead of fourths
Hocket
"Hiccup" melody divided between two groups?
Franco of Cologne
developed the most modern notation.
Double Long-long box & stem
Long- half box & stem
Breve- half box no stem
Semi-breve-diamond no stem
Battle For The Pope
14th century Europe was an unstable time to live in; two popes were trying to reign in France & Italy. The Avignon Papacy- Avignon a city in Rome, a batlle for the pope seat in france.
Philippe de Vitry
inovator of the new art
Ars Nova
New art
Roman de Fauvel
satirical poem set to music about the six deadly sins: By Phillipe de vitry
Six Deadly Sins
Flattery, Greed, Villany, Fickleness, Envy, Cowardess
Isorythmic Motet
2 voices accompanied by a tenor
2 seperations of pattern-
1.)Talea- rythmic motion; repeating
2.)Color- succession of pitches that keep repeating
Guillaume de Machaut (ca 1300-1377)
great composer, last of the trouveres. Leading composer of Ars nova. (Clergy) made top voice dominant and lower voice less. Used lots of 3rds and 6ths for his music. "Compose from your soul and don't conterfeit your work"
(Secular) Works of G. de Machaut
1.)23 motets- traditional texture; tenor w/ 2 upper voices singing diff. texts; usually dealing w/ love. hocket; isorythmic techniques.2.)monophonic songs- continuation of trouveres tradition. 3.)19 Lais and 25 Vielais (ABBA Form)
4.)Baladdes- song in which treble voices dominant & only voices sang; 2 lower voices on instruments. 5.)Rondeau- 3 musical phrases & refrain. 2 voice framework singing same text & a tenor with slow contour. 6.)Messe de notre dame- one of the first polyphonic ordinaries for the mass.
Polyphonic Mass
unwanted in the church setting; was thought to be of a secular nature.
Madrigal
song based on love poems written for two voices with 3 line stanzas followed by a pair of lines
Ritornello
to return in a different meter
Caccia
Canon(hunt or chase) one voice follows as the other voice sings
Ballata
form of the ballade (italian version)
Francesco Landini (ca 1325-1397)
blind organist, contracted smallpx; virtuoso in composition and music theory
Works included:
1.) 90 2-part ballates
2.) 42 3-part ballates
3.) 1 caccia
4.) 10 madrigal
motet
a piece with words
Incipit
section of a text
Perotin
made 4 voice parts
1.) Duplum (Soprano)
2.) Triplum (Alto)
3.) Quadruplum (Tenor)
4.) Tenor (Bass)
Polyphonic Conductus
sounds and looks like gregorian chant, but it is non liturgical.
caudae
"tail" portion of a piece, with no words. Untexted passage at the end of a polyphonic conductus
clausula
section in which the textless contrapunal part proceeds in strict rythym along the note of the chant melody in which the organum is based.
Ligatures
used to designate modes.
Musica Ficta
unwritten practice of raising or lowering certain notes by a half step
Ars Subtilior
applies to music of the late 1300's in france...rythmically complex
Cadences
a.) Strict Modal Forms
b.) Chromatically altered forms
c.) Form with double leading tones
d.) Modal (phrygian) cadence on E
Two Accidental Types
Soft-(looks like a flat) lower half step
Hard-(looks like a boxey b) raise a half step
Used to avoid tritones and avoided notes that werent on the guidonian hand.
Franconian note values
Perfect-Triple
imperfect- Duple
Mode(Long)
Time(Hald Mode)
Prolation(Half Time)
minum
looks like a quater note
Semi Minim
looks like and eight note
9/8 (Circle with a dot)
Perfect time and mojor prolation
3/4 (Circle... no dot)
pefrect time and minor prolation
6/8 (Half Circle and Dot)
imperfect time and mojor prolation
2/4 (Hald Circle...no dot)
imperfect time and minor prolation
Haut
= Loud instruments
Shawms
Cornetts
Sackbuts
Bas
= Soft instruments
Harps
Vielles
Lutes
Psalteries
Portative Organs
Transverse Flute
Recorders
Percussion
Kettle Drums
Small bells
Cymbals
English Music in 1400's
composers prefered their own style (conservative)
Sarum rite-Salisbury Cathedral
developed melodies simlilar to the gregorian chants
Worchester Fragments
14th century music which contains tropes, motets, and rondellus
Rondellus
a motet using voice exchange
Fauxbourdon
(French for False Bells) elaboration of chant which creates a chain of parrallel 6 chords
Old Hall Manuscript
chief collection of 15th century english music
John Dunstable (ca 1390-1453)
foremost composer for english in the 1400's. 70 known compositions.
Worked under henry V
15th cenury motet
is not considered sacred instead of secular.
Carol
stylized 2 or 3 part setting of a religious poem in poplular style in english or both with rythmic text
Music In Burgundian Lands
Gurgundy (supported by england and france)
Included:
Phillip the Good (1419-67)
Charles the Bold (1467-77)
St. Joan of Arc (Morbid Loser)
Guillame du Fay (1397-1474)
Gilles Binchois
served for Grand Dukes- wrote "song" chanson: de plus en plus (treble dominated; very melodic)
-born in Cambrai (Sang as a choir boy)
-In the cathedral, worked in italian courts; malatesta family, and Papal Chapel
-Worked for courts or Burgundy and savoy
-Canon at cathedral of Cambrai and received the special honor of the pope.
Works of Binchois
(began the octave jumps at cadences)
1.) over 80 chansons
-almost always love songs
-s line refrains
2.) 13 isorythmic motets & Hymns (Non Mass)
90 sacred motets- outside ordinary of the mass
3.) Magnificats
4.) 8 complete masses/ 6 pairs of mass movements (most important compositions)
Ballade
any polyphonic setting of a secular poem
15th century mass types
Cantus Firmus Mass- uses a preexisting melody as a basis of polyphonic composition. gregorian chant melody as the basis.
2.) Plainsong Mass
3.) Motto Mass- all begin the same
4.) Missa L'Homme Armi- (Armed man about to fight demons)
polyphony
2 or more voices together where each voice holds its own individuality
Organum
each note of Gregorian chant melody was doubled by another note
magnus liber organi
composed by leonin, the collection of chantlike music
created at the notre dame cathedral.
Italian Trecento Composers
Francesco Landini, and Jacopo de Bologna.