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15 Cards in this Set

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Aria
simple melody either for a singer or an instrument
Cantata
multimovement composition for voice(s) and instrument(s) that is dramatic in content but is not staged
Chamber Music
Instrumental ensemble music where a single player performs each part
Chant
More than one voice singing the same line
Character Piece
Huge number of shorter pieces (often for piano)
Chorale
a hymn tune or sacred melody
Concerto Grasso
a concerto for an orchestra where parts of the orchestra become the soloist
Fugue
A composition written for 3 or more musical lines/voices where they may come in at different times creating counterpoint
Monody
a solo vocal composition
a single melodic line with instrumental accompaniment
Motet
an unaccompanied chorale composition with a Latin Sacred text
Opera
a staged drama with text sung throughout
Oratorio
Opera except not staged and it is sacred
Sonata
an instrumental composition for solo instrument with piano (sections are called movements)
Toccata
A piece of classical music for a key board instrument
Basso Continuo
The bass line and accompanying chordal instruments used to support singers in early opera and instrumental forms