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15 Cards in this Set

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Opera Seria
Tragic Italian opera
Ballad Opera
English comic opera, spoken dialogue with alternating songs
Opera Buffa
Italian comic opera; sung throughout
Opera Comique
French comic opera; some spoken dialogue
Aria
Lyric song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment; usually expresses intense emotion
Recitative
Solo vocal declamation that follows the inflections of the text, often resulting in a disjunct vocal style
Chamber Music
ensemble music for up to about ten players, with one player to a part
Mass
central service of the Roman Catholic Church
Requiem
mass for the dead
Oratorio
Large-scale religious drama; opera without costumes and action
Concerto
Instrumental genre in several movements for solo instrument (or instrumental group) and orchestra
Sonata
Instrumental genre in several movements for soloist or small ensemble
Fugue
Polyphonic form; one or more themes are develpoed by imitative counterpoint
Patronage System
Social events at court created a steady demand for new works that composers had to supply. This gave musicians economic security & provided a social framework
Singspiel
German comic opera; spoken dialogue.