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45 Cards in this Set

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Accompaniment
Performing with another performer or performers, usually in a less prominent role (generally the R-Section, bass, piano and drums)
Arco
The technique of playing upright Bass with a bow
Ballad
A simple song, usually romantic in nature that uses the same melody for each stanza
Big-Band
an ensemble of ten or more players
Blue note
A pitch somewhere between a major third and a minor third (a bent note)
Bridge
The name given to the third 8-bar section in the most common form, AABA.. Also known as the B section, in AABA.
Call and Response
musical pattern common to much jazz and African music in which a "call", is usually followed by a solo singer or instrumentalist, is then followed by a response from one instrument, an ensemble, or the assembled participants in a religious ceremony, the congregation may respond to the call of the preacher.
Chord
The simultaneous sounding of three or more tones
Chord Changes
A series of successive chords; also called a chord progression
Chorus
The main body or refrain of a song as distinct from the verse, which comes first. Very often an arrangement contains many choruses played by individual instrumentalists.
Collective improvisation
situation where all members of a small group improvise simultaneously.
Combo
A small instrumental group consisting of 3 to 7 players
Comping
The rhythmic pattern used by a keyboard or guitar as they accompany soloists.
Pizzicato
A manner of playing the bass by plucking the string rather than bowing
Repetition
Presentation of the same musical material in two or more parts of a composition.
Ride-Cymbal
The cymbal suspended over a drum set, usually to the player’s right, struck by a stick held in the drummer’s right hand. Used for playing timekeeping patterns called ride rhythms.
Riff
A short pattern of sounds repeated and played by a soloist or group
Samba
dance of Brazilian and African origin. It has a two-beat feel (or duple beat), which creates a lively tempo.
Scat Singing
The use of nonsense syllables while improvising vocally.

Swing - The feeling projected by a jazz performance, which successfully combines constant tempo, syncopation, swing eighth notes, rhythmic lilt, liveliness and rhythmically cohesive group playing.
Swing
The feeling projected by a jazz performance, which successfully combines constant tempo, syncopation, swing eighth notes, rhythmic lilt, liveliness and rhythmically cohesive group playing.
Syncopation
Accenting a normally weak beat or the weak part of a beat (accenting just before or just after a beat).
Tempo
to the speed of the underlying beat. The speed is determined by the number of beats counted over the span of sixty seconds.
Two-Beat Style
A rhythm section style that emphasizes the first and third beats of each four-beat measure, often leaving the second and fourth beats silent in the bass; sometimes called boom-chick style.
Contrast
The introduction of new material
Double-Time
when the music gives you a sense of moving twice as fast
Ensemble
collection of various instrumentalists that will vary in size
Form
denotes the order of things to come (i.e. 12 bar blues form, AABA song form, Through composed form).
Harmony
musical combination of tones and chords or fundamental chords to a key

Head arrangement-- a band arrangement that was created extemporaneously by the musicians and is not written down
Head arrangement
a band arrangement that was created extemporaneously by the musicians and is not written down
Hi-Hat
the sock cymbal makes "chick-chick" sound
Horn
general label for any wind instrument
Improvisation
to perform and compose at the same time
Intonation
to match a pitch (i.e. in tune or out of tune)
Jam-session
a musical get-together where improvisation is stressed and prewritten music is rare
Laid back
an adjective used to describe a feeling of relaxation, slowness, or laziness, when a performer plays the music a little later than expected
Lick
a phrase or a fragment of music
Measure
unit of time or a metrical unit in a composition
Meter
type of group (of beats) arranged in groups of 3, 4, 5, etc..
Pizzicato
method of plucking the string rather than bowing
Rhythm-Section
a group of players whose job is to accompany
Rhythm
arrangement of sound in time: it encompasses beat, tempo, and meter
Stop-Time
when the accompaniment stops or breaks up the existing time
Two-beat style
a rhythm section style that emphasizes every other beat
Vibrato
The pulsating effect produced by small, rapid variations in pitch. Most jazz uses vibrato for warmth and interpretation in imitating the human voice.
Walking Bass
The bass part that was originally introduced in boogie-woogie in ostinato form. It concisely spells out the notes in the chords being used and is usually played in eighth notes