Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Key refers to...
a central tone, chord, and scale
Another term for key is...
A shift from one key to another is called a...
Harmony refers to...
the way chords are constructed and how they follow each other
The triad built on the fifth step of the chord is called the...
Dominant chord
____ adds support, depth, richness to a melody?
Traditionally, a composition would always end on a...
Tonic chord
A series of chords is a called a....
The repetition of a melodic pattern at a higher or lower pitch is called a...
A resting place at the end of a phrase is called a...
A melody is said to move by steps if it moves by...
Adjacent scale tones
The lowest instrument in the orchestra is the...
Systems of electronic components that generate, modify, and control sound are...
A part of an instruments total range is called its...
The highest woodwind instrument is...
Woodwind instruments are so named because they...
were originally made of wood
The range of a singers voice depends on...
Training AND physical makeup
The main tool of composers in the 1950's was the...
tape studio
MIDI was a...
Standard adopted by manufacturers
Digital synthesis...
represents physical quantities as numbers
Analog synthesis...
Represents data in terms of measurable physical quantities (sound waves, for example)
Puts brief digital recordings of live sounds under a control of a synthesizer on a keyboard
Loud and softness in music is....
The relative High/lowness of a sound is called
The distance between the lowest and highest tones that a voice or instrument can produce is called...
Pitch Range
The pitch of a sound in decided by the....
Frequency of its vibrations
The frequency of vibrations is measured in...
Cycles per second
Music can be defined as...
an art based on the organization of sounds in time
Acoustics can be defined as...
the study of sound
Diminuendo and decrescendo both mean...
to Decrease in dynamics
Physical makeup on an instrument decides...
tone color
What are the 5 parts of Music?
Melody, Rhythmn, Harmony, Texture, and Form
What are the 5 instrumental groups?
String, Woodwind, Brass, Percussion, and Keyboard
Sulfege syllables were invented...
in 1000 AD by Guido of Arezzo
G-Clef is also called...
Treble Clef
Bass clef is also called...
Minor scales differ from Major keys in that their sulfege is...
different, with different words for the different half-steps
Half steps occur in the major scale at which intervals?
3&4 along with 7&8
In natural minor scales, where do the half steps occur?
2&3 and 5&6
In an A minor scale, between which notes do the half steps occur?
B&C and E&F
Where does the augmented second occur in a harmonic minor scale?
Between the Sixth and Seventh scale degree
Where are the half steps in a Harmonic minor scale?
2&3 and 7&8 (raised sixth)
An octave has ____ the frequencies of the higher tone than of the lower tone
What type of beat is accented in syncopation
Weak, or off, beats
The organization of beats into regular groups is known as
Adding a dot to a note increases its duration by
One half
A resting point at the end of the piece is called a...
When a melody is accompained by chords, it is referred to as...