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49 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
abduction
moves away from the midline
Achilles tendinitis
inflammation of the Achilles tendon caused by excessive stress
adduction
moves toward the midline
adhesion
a band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally and can form im muscles or internal jorgans as the result of an injury or surgery
anticholinergic
medication administered to control spasmodic activity of smooth muscle, such as those of the intestines; also known as an antispasmodic
ataxia
the inability to coordinate muscle activity
atonic
lacking normal muscle tone or strength
atrophy
weakness of wearing away of body tissues and structures caused by pathology or by disuse over a long period of time
atropine
an antispasmodic medication that may be administered properatively to relax smooth muscle
bradykinesia
extreme slowness in movement
carpal tunnel syndrome
swelling that creates pressure on the median nerve as it passes through the carpal tunnel
circumduction
circular movement of a limb at the far end
contracture
permanent tightening of facia, muscle, tendons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when normally elastice connective tissues are replaced with nonelastic fibrous tissues
dorsiflexion
bends the foot toward the ankle
dyskinesia
distortion or impairment of voluntary movement in which the movements appear purposeful but are not under voluntary contro
dystaxia
difficulty in controling voluntary movement; also know as partial ataxia
dystonia
abnormal muscle tone
fibromyalgia syndrome
a chronic, often diabling, condition of unknown cause that is characterized by uncontrollable fatigue and widespread pain in the muscles, ligaments, and tendons
ganglion cyst
a harmless fluid-filled swelling that occurs most commonly on the outer surface of the wrist
hemiparesis
slight paralysis of one side of the body
hemiplegia
total paralysis of one side of the body
hyperkinesia
abnormally increased motor function or activity; also know as hyeractivity
hypertonia
a condition of excessive tone of the skeletal muscles
hypokinesia
abnormally decreased motor function or activity
hypotonia
a condition in which there is diminshed tone of the skeletal muscles
muscular dystrophy
a group of more than 20 inherited muscle disorders that cause muscle weakness without affecting the nervous system
myalgia
muscle tenderness or pain
myathenia gravis
a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the neuromuscular juction and produces serious weakness of voluntary muscles
myocele
a protrusion of a muscle through its ruptured sheath or fascia
myoclonus
a spasm or twitching of a muscle or group of muscles
myofacial damage
injury caused by overworking muscles that results in tenderness and swelling of the muscles and surrounding fascia
myolysis
the deteriotation or breakdown of muscle tissue
myoparesis
weakness or slight paralysis of a muscle
myorraphy
surgical suturing of a muscle wound
myositis
inflammation of a skeletal muscle
myotonia
delayed relaxation of a muscle after a strong contraction
paraplegia
paralysis of both legs and lower part of the body
polymyositis
inflammation of several skeletal muscles at the same time
pronation
turns the palm of the hand downward or backward
quadriplegia
paralysis of all four extremities
sarcopenia
age-related reduction in skeletal muscle mass in elderly
singultus
also known as a hiccup, is a spasm of the diaphragm
spasmic torticollis
a stiff neck due to spasmodic sontraction of the neck muscles that pull the head toward the affected side; also known as rye neck
sphincter
a ringlike muscle tha tightly constricts the opening of a passageway
supination
turns the palms of the hand upward or forward
tenodesis
the surgical suturing of the end of a tendon to a bone
tenodynia
pain in tendon
tenolysis
freeing a tendon from adhesions
tenorraphy
surgical suturing of a divided tendon