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61 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Omotransverarius
Attachment 1: Distal spine of scapula (Clavicular Intersect. in Horse)
Attachment 2: Wing of the atlas
Action: Advance limb or turn neck
Innervation: Accessory Nerve
Trapezius Cervical and thoracic
Attachment 1: Prox. spine of scalpula
Attachment 2: Dorsal Raphe
Action: Elevate, Abduct scapula
Innervation: Accessory Nerve
Cleido-mastoideus
Attachment 1: Clavicular Intersection
Attachment 2: Mastoid process
Action: Advance Limb or turn head
Innervation: Accessory Nerve and Ventral Branches of cerv. Spinal nerves
Cleido-cervicalis (in dogs)
Attachment 1:Clavicular Intersection
Attachment 2: Dorsal Cervical Raphe
Action: Advance Limb or turn head
Innervation: Accessory Nerve and Ventral Branches of cerv. Spinal nerves
Cleido-occipitalis (large animals)
Attachment 1:Clavicular Intersection
Attachment 2: Nuchal Crest
Action: Advance Limb or turn head
Innervation: Accessory Nerve and Ventral Branches of cerv. Spinal nerves
Sternothyroideus
Attachment 1: Costal Cartilage 1
Attachment 2: Thyroid cartilage
Action: Pull larynx caudally
Innervation: Ventral Branches of cerv. Spinal nerves
Cleidobrachialis
Attachment 1: Cranial humerus
Attachment 2: Clavicular Intersect.
Action: Advance Limb or Turn head
Innervation: Accessory Nerve and Ventral Branches of cerv. Spinal nerves
Sternocephalicus Pars Mastoideus
Attachment 1: Manubrium
Attachment 2: Mastoid Process
Action: Turn head
Innervation: Accessory Nerve and Ventral Branches of cerv. Spinal nerves
Sternocephalicus Pars occipitalis
Attachment 1: Manubrium
Attachment 2: Nuchal crest
Action:Turn head
Innervation: Accessory Nerve and Ventral Branches of cerv. Spinal nerves
Sternocephalicus Pars zygomaticus
Attachment 1: Manubrium
Attachment 2: Zygomatic arch
Action: Turn head
Innervation: Accessory Nerve and Ventral Branches of cerv. Spinal nerves
Sternocephalicus Pars Mandibularis
Attachment 1: Manubrium
Attachment 2: Angle of the mandible
Action: Turn head
Innervation: Accessory Nerve and Ventral Branches of cerv. Spinal nerves
Sternohyoideus
Attachment 1: Manubrium
Attachment 2: Basihyoid bone
Action: Pull tongue and larynx caudally
Innervation: Ventral Branches of cerv. Spinal nerves
Deep Pectoral
Attachment 1: Sternum
Attachment 2: Greater and lesser tubercles of humerus
Action: Pull limb back
Innervation: Caudal Pectoral Nerves
Subclavius
Attachment 1: Sternum
Attachment 2: Aponeurosis and fascia at cranial angle of scapula
Action: Rotates scalpula, moves limb caudally
Innervation: Caudal Pectoral Nerves
Transverse Superficial Pectoral
Attachment 1: Cranial Sternum
Attachment 2: Crest of the greater tubercle of the humerus (antebrachial fascia in LA)
Action: Adduct limb
Innervation: Cranial Pectoral Nerves
Descending Superficial Pectoral
Attachment 1: Cranial Sternum
Attachment 2: Crest of the greater tubercle of humerus
Action: Adduct limb
Innervation: Cranial Pectoral Nerves
Splenius
Attachment 1: Dorsoscapular ligament (H) spinous processes of T1-3 and nuchal ligament(R) Thoracolumbar fascia/dorsal raphe (D)
Attachment 2: Nuchal crest, mastoid process, and TP of cranial cervical vertebrae
Action: Extensors of spine
Innervation: Dorsal branches of cervical and thoracic spinal nerves
Longissimus Capitis
Attachment 1: T 1-3
Attachment 2: Mastoid Process
Action: Extensors of the neck
Innervation: Dorsal branches of cervical and thoracic spinal nerves
Longissimus Cervicis
Attachment 1: Angle between cervical and thoracic vertebrae
Attachment 2: Transverse processes of caudal cervical vertebrae
Action: Extensors of the neck
Innervation: Dorsal branches of cervical spinal nerves
Longissimus Atlantis (in LA)
Attachment 1: Longissimus Thoracis
Attachment 2: Wing of atlas
Action: Extensors of the neck
Innervation: Dorsal branches of cervical spinal nerves
Semispinalis Capitis Biventer cervicis & complexus (in dogs)
Attachment 1: Thor. Vertebrae and Cerv. Vetebrae
Attachment 2: Occipital bone (LA), Caudal skull (Biventer), Nuchal crest (Complexus) "back of the skull"
Action: Extensors of neck
Innervation: Dorsal branches of cervical spinal nerves
Transversospinalis system
Attachment 1: Sacrum
Attachment 2: Splenius and semispinalis capitis
Action: Extensors of Vertebral column
Innervation: Dorsal branches of local spinal nerves
Longissimus System
Attachment 1: Wing of ilium
Attachment 2: Longissimus cervicis and capitis
Action: Extensors of vertebral column
Innervation: Dorsal branches of local spinal nerves
Iliocostalis system
Attachment 1: Wing of ilium
Attachment 2: Transverse processes of lumbar vert., ribs, TP of cerv. Vert.
Action: Extensors of vertebral column
Innervation: Dorsal branches of local spinal nerves
Intertransversarius
Attachment 1: Transverse processes of vertebrae
Attachment 2:
Action: Stabilize the vertebral column, some lateral bending of the trunk
Innervation: Dorsal branches of spinal nerves (Dorsal and ventral in cerv.)
Cutaneous Colli (Horses and dogs)
Attachment 1: Cartilage of manubrium
Attachment 2: Cervical fascia and skin
Action: Twitch skin
Innervation: Facial Nerve
Cutaneous Omobrachialis (Absent in carnivores)
Attachment 1: Skin and fascia of the shoulder, brachium and antebrachium
Attachment 2:
Action: Twitch skin
Innervation: Lateral thoracic nerve
Cutaneous Trunci
Attachment 1: Skin fascia
Attachment 2: Medial side of brachium
Action: Twitch skin
Innervation: Lateral thoracic nerve
Internal Abdominal Obliques
Attachment 1: Thoracolumbar fascia and ribs
Attachment 2: linea alba, prepubic tendon, & tuber coxae
Action: Aid in urination, defecation, parturition, & respiration. Compress abdominal cavity and support body wall
Innervation: Ventral branches of thoracic and lumbar spinal nerves
Transversus Abdominus
Attachment 1: Thoracolumbar fascia and ribs
Attachment 2: Linea alba
Action: Aid in urination, defecation, parturition, & respiration. Compress abdominal cavity & support body wall
Innervation: Ventral branches of thoracic and lumbar spinal nerves
Latissimus Dorsi
Attachment 1: Thoracolumbar fascia
Attachment 2: Teres major Tuberosity
Action: Draw limb caudally
Innervation: Thoracodorsal nerve
Longus Colli
Attachment 1: Ventral surfaces of vertebral bodies from T6 to Atlas
Attachment 2:
Action: Flexion of the neck
Innervation: Ventral branches of cervical and thoracic spinal nerves
Rhomboideus
Attachment 1: Dorsal Raphe, nuchal crest
Attachment 2: Dorsomedial scapula
Action: Elevate limb, adduct scapula
Innervation: Ventral branches of cervical and thoracic spinal nerves
Longus Capitis
Attachment 1: Transverse processes of cervical vertebrae
Attachment 2: Base of the skull
Action: Flexion of the neck
Innervation: Ventral branches of cervical spinal nerves
Omohyoideus (horses only)
Attachment 1: Subscapular fascia near shoulder joint
Attachment 2: Basihyoid bone
Action: Retract tongue
Innervation: Ventral branches of cervical spinal nerves
Scalenus
Attachment 1: Transverse proc. of last few cervical vert
Attachment 2: 1st few ribs
Action: Inspiration, or flex neck laterally
Innervation: Ventral branches of cervical spinal nerves
Serratus Ventralis
Attachment 1: Serrated face of medial scapula
Attachment 2: Transverse processes of C3-7, Ribs of T1-8
Action: Depress scapula, sling to support the body
Innervation: Ventral branches of cervical spinal nerves AND long thoracic nerve
Rectus Abdominus
Attachment 1: Pecten Ossis Pubis
Attachment 2: Aponeurosis with Rectus Thoracis
Action: Increase abdominal pressure and flex trunk
Innervation: Ventral branches of lumbar spinal nerves
External Abdominal Obliques
Attachment 1: Thoracolumbar fascia and ribs
Attachment 2: linea alba, prepubic tendon, medial femoral fascia, body of ilium & tuber coxae
Action: Aid in urination, defecation, parturition, & respiration. Compress abdominal cavity & support body wall
Innervation: Ventral branches of thoracic and lumbar spinal nerves
Serratus Dorsalis Caudalis
Attachment 1: Thoracolumbar fascia
Attachment 2: Caudal faces of caudal ribs
Action: Expiration
Innervation: Ventral branches of thoracic and lumbar spinal nerves
External Intercostals
Attachment 1: Proximal caudal surface of rib
Attachment 2: Cranial & lateral surface of succeeding rib
Action: Inspiration
Innervation: Ventral branches of thoracic spinal nerves
Internal Intercostals
Attachment 1: Proximal cranial surface of rib
Attachment 2: Distal caudal surface of preceding rib
Action: Expiration
Innervation: Ventral branches of thoracic spinal nerves
Rectus Thoracis
Attachment 1: Rib 1
Attachment 2: Aponeurosis on Rib 4 or 5
Action: Increase abdominal pressure and flex trunk
Innervation: Ventral branches of thoracic spinal nerves
Serratus Dorsalis Cranialis
Attachment 1: Thoracolumbar fascia
Attachment 2: Cranial face of cranial ribs
Action: Inspiration
Innervation: Ventral branches of thoracic spinal nerves
Transverse Thoracis
Attachment 1: Midline of sternum (inside rib cage)
Attachment 2: Costochondral junctions & ventral part of ribs
Action: Expiration and holding ribs together
Innervation: Ventral branches of thoracic spinal nerves
Psoas Minor
Attachment 1: Thoracolumbar vertebral bodies
Attachment 2: Hip bone
Action: stabilize back
Innervation: Ventral branches of thoracic & lumbar spinal nerves
Psoas Major
Attachment 1: Lumbar vertebra (transverse proc. & bodies)
Attachment 2: Lesser trochanter
Action: flex hip
Innervation: Ventral branches of lumbar spinal nerves & femoral nerv.
Iliacus
Attachment 1: Wings of ilium & sacrum
Attachment 2: Lesser trochanter
Action: flex hip
Innervation: Ventral branches of lumbar spinal nerves & femoral nerv.
Quadratus Lumborum
Attachment 1: Ribs & lumbar transverse proc.
Attachment 2: transverse proc. & wing of ilium
Action: stabilize loin
Innervation: Ventral branches of thoracic & lumbar spinal nerves
"Omotransversarius" (in horse)
Attachment 1: Clavicular intersection
Attachment 2: Wing of the atlas
Action: Advance limb or turn neck
Innervation: Accessory Nerve
Cutaneous Platysma
Attachment 1: Superficial fascia of the neck
Attachment 2: Superficial fascia of the face
Action: Twitch skin
Innervation: Facial nerve
DOG Divisions of Brachiocephalicus
Cleidobrachialis; Pars Mastoideus & Pars Cervicalis
DOG Divisions of Sternocephalicus
Sterno-occipitalis & Sternomastoideus
COW Divisions of Brachiocephalicus
Cleidobrachialis; Pars Mastoideus & Pars Occipitalis
COW Divisions of Sternocephalicus
Sternomandibularis & Sternomastoideus
GOAT Divisions of Brachiocephalicus
Cleidobrachialis; Pars Mastoideus & Pars Occipitalis
GOAT Divisions of Sternocephalicus
Sternozygomaticus & Sternomastoideus
HORSE Divisions of Brachiocephalicus
Cleidobrachialis; Pars Mastoideus & "Omotransversarius"
HORSE Divisions of Sternocephalicus
Sternomandibularis ONLY
SHEEP & PIG Divisions of Brachiocephalicus
Cleidobrachialis; Pars Mastoideus & Pars Occipitalis
SHEEP & PIG Divisions of Sternocephalicus
Sternomastoideus ONLY