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56 Cards in this Set

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Erector Spinae Group A
Bilaterally: extends the vertebral column
Unilaterally: laterally flexes vertebral column to the same side
Erector Spinae Group O
Common tendon (thoracolumbar aponeurosis) attaching to the posterior surface of sacrum, iliac crest, spinous processes of lumbar and last two thoracic vertebrae
Erector Spinae Group I
various attachment at posterior ribs, spinous and transverse processes of the lumbar and last two throacic veterbrae
Spinalis of Erector Spinae O
Spinoous processes of upper lumbar and lower thoracic vertebrae, ligamentum nuchae, spinous process of C-7
Spinalis of Erector Spinae I
Spinous process of upper thoracic and cervicals except C-1
Longissimus of Erector Spinae O
Common tendon and transverse processes of upper five thoracic bertebrae
Longissimus of Erector Spinae I
Lower nine ribs and transverse processes of thoracic vertebrae
Transverse processes of cervical vertebrae
Mastoid process of temporoal bone
Iliocostalis of Erector Spinae O
Common tendon (lumborum)
Posterior surface of ribs 6-12
Iliocostalis of Erector Spinae I
Transverse processes of lumbar vertebrae 1-3 and posterior surface of ribs 6-12
Posterior surface of ribs 1-6
Transverse processes of lower cervicals
Multifidi and Rotatores A
Extend the vertebral column
Rotate the vertebral column to the opposite side
Mulitifidi and Rotatores O
Sacrum and transverse processes of lumbar through cervical vertebrae
Multifidi I
Spinous processes of lumbar vertebrae through second cervical vertebrae- two to four vertabrae
Rotatores I
Spinous process of lumbar vertebrae through second cervical vertebrae- one to tow vertebrae
Semispinalis A
Extends the vertebral column and head
Semispinalis O
Transverse processes of thoracic vertebrae, articular process of lower cervicals
Semispinalis I
Spinous processes of upper thoracic cervicals (except C-1_ and superior nuchal line of occiput
Splenius Capitis and Cervicis Unilateral A
Rotate the head to the same side
Laterally flex the head and neck
Splenius Capitis and Cervicis Bilateral A
Extend the head and neck
Splenius Capitis O
Ligamentum nuchae, spinous processes of C-7 to T-3
Splenius Cercicis O
Spinous processes to T-3 to T-6
Splenius Capitis I
Mastiod process, lateral nuchal line
Splenius Cervicis I
Transverse processes of the pper cervical vertebrae
Suboccipitals A
Rock and tilt the head back into extension (all but oblique capitis inferior)
Rotate the head to the same side (rectus capitis posterior major and obliques capitis inferior only)
Rectus Capitis Posterior Major O
Spinous proces of the axis
Rectus Capitis Posterior Major I
Inferior nuchal line of hte occiput
Rectus Capitis Posterior Minor O
Tubercle of the posterior arch of the atlas
Rectus Capitis Posterior Minor I
Inferiro nuchal line of the occiput
Oblique Capitis Superior O
Transverse process of the atlas C-1
Oblique Capitis Superior I
Between the nuchal lines of the occiput
Oblique Capitis Inferior O
Spinous process of the axis
Oblique Captis Inferior I
Transverse process of hte atlas
Quadratus Lumborum Unilateral A
Elevates the hip
Laterally flexes the vetebral column
Assists to extend the vertebral column
Quadratus Lumborum Bilateral A
Fixes the last rib during respiration
Quadratus Lumborum O
Posterior iliac crest, iliolumbar ligament
Quadratus Lumborum I
Last rib, transverse processes of first through fourth lumbar vertebrae
Rectus Abdominis A
Flexes the vertebral column
Rectus Abdominis O
Pubic crest, pubic symphsis
Rectus Abdominis I
Cartilage fo 5-7th ribs and xiphoid process
External Oblique Bilateral A
Flexes the vertebral column
Compresses abdominal contents
External Oblique Unilateral A
Laterally flexes vertebral column to the same side
Rotates vertebral column to the opposite side
External Oblique O
Lower 8 ribs
External Oblique I
Anterior part of the iliac crest, abdominal aponeurosis to linea alba
Internal Oblique Bilateral A
Flexes the vetebral column
Compresses abdominal contents
Internal Oblique Unilateral A
Laterally flexes vertebral column to the same side
Rotates vertebral column to same side
Internal Oblique O
Lateral inguinal ligament, iliac crest, thorocloumbar fascia
Internal Oblique I
Cartilage of bottom three ribs, abdominal aponeurosis to linea alba
Transverse Abdominis A
Compresses abdominal contents
Transverse Abdominis O
Lateral inguinal ligament, iliac crest, thoroacolumbar fascia, cartilage of lower six ribs
Transverse Abdominis I
Abdominal aponeurosis to linea alba
Diaphragm A
Draws down the central tendon of diaphragm
Increase the volume of thoracic cavity
Diaphragm O
Costal: inner surface of lower six ribs
Lumbar: upper two or three lumbar vertebrae
Stermal: inner part of xiphoid process
Diaphragm I
Central tendon
External Intercostals A
Draw the ventral part of the ribs upward, increasing the space of the thoracic cavity
Internal Intercostals A
Draw the ventral part of the ribs downward, decrasing the space of the thoracic cavity
Intercostals O
Inferior border of the rib above
Intercostals I
Superior border of the rib below