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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Iliopsoas--Iliacus and psoas major
Two closely related muscles; fibers pass under inguinal ligament to insert into femur; iliacus is more lateral

Action: Flexes Thigh
Adductors -- mangus, longus, and brevis
Large muscle mass forming medial aspects of thigh; arise from front of plevis and insert at various levels of femur

Action: Flexes thigh
Overlies adductor brevis on proximal thigh

Action: Flexes thigh
Straplike superficial muscle of medial thigh

Action: Flexes leg
Rectus femoris
Superficial muscle of thigh; runs straight down thigh; only muscle of group to cross hip joint

Action: Flexes Thigh at hip
Gluteus maximus
Largest and most superficial of gluteal muscles

Action: Laterally rotates and abducts thigh
Gluteus medius
Partially covered by gluteus maximus

Action: Abducts and medially rotates thigh
Medial to biceps femoris

Action: Extends thigh
Vastus lateralis
Forms lateral aspect of thigh

Action: Extends Knee
Vastus medialis
Forms inferomedial aspect of thigh

Action: Extends knee
Vastus intermedius
Obscured by rectus femoris; lies between vastus lateralis and medialis on anterior thigh

Action: Extends knee
Tensor fasciae latae
Enclosed between facia layers of thigh

Action: Flexes thigh
Gluteus minimus
Smallest and deepest gluteal muscle

Action: Abducts and medially rotates thigh
Deep to semitendinosus

Action: Extends thigh
Peroneus (Fibularis) longus
Superficial lateral muscle; overlies fibula

Action: Planter flexes and everts foot
Peroneus (Fibularis) brevis
Smaller muscle; deep to peroneus longus

Action: Planter flexes and everts foot
Extensor digitorum longus
Anterolateral surface of leg; lateral to tibialis anterior

Action: Toe extension
Peroneus (Fibularis) tertius
Small muscle; often fused to distal part of extensor digitourm longus

Action: Everts foot
Extensor hallucis longus
Deep to extensor digitorum longus and tibialis anterior

Action: Extends great toe
Deep to gastrocnemius

Action: Plantar flexion
Tibialis posterior
Thick muscle deep to soleus

Action: Plantar flexes foot
Flexor digitorum longus
Runs medial to and partially overlies tibialis posterior

Action: Plantar flexes foot
Flexor hallucis longus
Lies lateral to inferior aspect of tibialis posterior

Action: Plantar flexes foot
Biceps femoris
Most lateral muscle of group: arises from two heads

Action: Extends thigh
Superficial muscle of pair; two prominet bellies

Action: Flex knee
Straplike superficial muscle running obliquely across anterior surface of thigh to knee

Action: Flexes thigh
Tibialis anterior
Superficial muscle of anterior leg; parallels sharp anterior margin of tibia

Action: Inverts foot