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78 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the three ligaments of the hip?
the pubofemoral, the iliofemoral (Yligament), and the ischiofemoral
what are the ligments of the knee?
the medial collateral, the lateral collateral, the anterior cruciate, and the posterior cruciate
What is a sprain and a strain?
a sprain is when a ligament is damaged..
a strain is when a muscle is torn or broke
what are the four deltoid ligaments of the ankle?
anterior tibiotalar,the posterior tibiotalar, the tibiocalcaneal, and the tibionavicular
what are the three ligaments that make the lateral ligament of the ankle?
the anterior talofibular, the posterior talofibular, and the calcaneofibular
what ligament maintains the medial arch of the foot?
the plantar calcaneonavicular..the spring ligament
what ligament maintains the lateral arch of the foot?
the long plantar
what two muscles make up the iliopsoas?
where is its insertion?
the iliacus and the psoas major
the lesser trochanter
What does the pubofemoral prevent?
excessive abduction
what do the iliofemoral and the ischiofemoral ligaments prevent?
excessive internal rotation
which cruciate runs across which one runs up and down?
anterior runs across
posterior runs medially (up down)
what do the deltoid ligaments prevent?
what are they attached to?
excessive eversion
medial malleolus
what do the lateral ligaments prevent?
what are they attached to?
excessive inversion
lateral malleolus
what group is the psoas major and name the four
o, i, a, n
anterior group of the hip
all 5 lumbar vertebrate, lesser trochanter, hip flexor
femoral nerve
What group is the iliacus in and what is the o, i , a, and n
anterior group of hip,iliac fossa, lesser trochanter, hip flexor femoral nerve
what group is the gluteus maximus? and 4
posterior group of the hip, posterior part of ilium, sacrum, and coxyx bone, gluteal tuberosity and iliotibial tract, hip extension, inferior gluteal nerve
gluteus medius
posterior group, ilium-iliac crest and outer surface, greater trochanter, abduction of hip, superior gluteal nerve
gluteus minimus
outer surface of ilium, greater trochanter, hip abduction,superior gluteal nerve
tensor fasciae latae
anterior part of iliac crest, iliotibial band, hip flexor and internally rotate hip, superior gluteal nerve
piriformis --deep muscle
sacrum, greater trochanter, abduction of hip and externally rotate the hip, nerve to the piriformis
where does the iliotibial tract insert?
on the lateral condyle at a place called gerdy's tubercle
obturator internus and externus --deep muscle
obturator foramen, greater trochanter, externally rotate the hip, obturator nerve
superior and inferior gemelli--deep muscle
ischial spine and ischial tuberosity, greater trochanter, external rotation of the hip, nerve to the quadratus femoris
quadratus femoris --deep muscle
ischial tuberosity,intertrochanteric fossa, externally rotate hip, nerve to quadratus femoris
what are the four deep muscles of the posterior group ofthe hip
piriformis, superior and inferior gemelli, obturator internus and externus, and the quadratus femoris
anterior muscles of the thigh?
sartorius, quadriceps femoris: rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, and vastus intermedius
sartorius

longest muscle in the body
ASIS, anterior part of medial tibial condyle, hip and knee flexion, femoral nerve
rectus femoris
anterior inferior iliac spine, patella, knee extension and hip flexion, femoral nerve
vastus lateralis
lateral lip of linea aspera, patella, extension of knee, femoral nerve
vastus medialis
medial lip of linea aspera, patella, knee extension, femoral nerve
vastus intermedius
anterior surface of femur, patella, extension of the knee, femoral nerve
what are the medial muscles of the leg?
what is the most superior of this group
pectineus, gracilis, adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus
pectineus is the most superior!!!
pectineus
superior ramus of pubis, femur, adduction of hip, femoral nerve although some ppl obturator nerve and some both
quadratus femoris --deep muscle
ischial tuberosity,intertrochanteric fossa, externally rotate hip, nerve to quadratus femoris
what are the four deep muscles of the posterior group ofthe hip
piriformis, superior and inferior gemelli, obturator internus and externus, and the quadratus femoris
anterior muscles of the thigh?
sartorius, quadriceps femoris: rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, and vastus intermedius
sartorius

longest muscle in the body
ASIS, anterior part of medial tibial condyle, hip and knee flexion, femoral nerve
rectus femoris
anterior inferior iliac spine, patella, knee extension and hip flexion, femoral nerve
vastus lateralis
lateral lip of linea aspera, patella, extension of knee, femoral nerve
vastus medialis
medial lip of linea aspera, patella, knee extension, femoral nerve
vastus intermedius
anterior surface of femur, patella, extension of the knee, femoral nerve
what are the medial muscles of the leg?
what is the most superior of this group
pectineus, gracilis, adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus
pectineus is the most superior!!!
pectineus
superior ramus of pubis, femur, adduction of hip, femoral nerve although some ppl obturator nerve and some both
gracilis
most medial
inferior pubis ramis, anterior portion of medial condyle, hip adduction and knee flexion, obturator nerve
adductor longus
inferior pubis ramis, linea aspera, hip adductor, obturator nerve
adductor brevis
inferior pubis ramis, linea aspera, hip adductor, obturator nerve
adductor magnus
deep.
ischial tuberosity, adductor tubercle and femur, adduction of hip, obturator nerve
what three muscles make up the bird's foot or the pes anserinus
sartorius, gracilis, and semitendinosus
biceps femoris
short-linea aspera to fibula, common peroneal nerve
long-ischial tuberosity to head of fibula, tibial nerve
both-hip extension and knee flexion,
semitendinosus
ischial tuberosity, medial tibial condyle, hip extension and knee flexion, tibial nerve
tibialis anterior
anterior lateral tibial condyle, tarsal bones, dorsiflexion and inversion, deep peroneal nerve
semimembranosus
ischial tuberosity, medial tibial condyle, hip extension and knee flexion, tibial nerve
extensor digitorum longus
lateral to tibialis anterior phalanges, dorsiflexion, extension of digits, and eversion of foot, deep peroneal nerve
extensor hallucis longus
deep between extensor digitorum longus and tibialis anterior, extension of hallux, dorsiflexion, and inversion, deep peroneal nerve
peroneus longus
head of fibula and upper 2/3 of fibula, base of 1st metatarsal, eversion and weak plantarflexion, superficial peroneal nerve
peroneus brevis
lower 2/3 of fibula, base of 5th metatarsal bone, eversion and weak plantarflexion, superficial peroneal nerve
gastrocnemius
both medial and lateral condyles, calcaneal tendon into calcaneus, knee flexor and plantarflexion, tibial nerve
soleus
proximal parts of tibia and fibula, calcaneus, plantarflexion, tibial nerve
plantaris
lateral femoral condyle, medial part of calcaneal tendon, flexes knee and plantarflexion, tibial nerve
popliteus
deep, lateral femoral condyle,tibia, knee flexion, tibial nerve
flexor digitorum longus
deep, tibia to digits 2-5, flexion of digits, plantarflexion, tibial nerve
flexor hallicus longus
fibula to medial side of foot in hallicus tendon, flexor of hallicus at interphalangeal joint and plantarflexion, tibial nerve
tibialis posterior
deep, posterior part of leg between two flexors, plantarflexion and inversion of foot, tibial nerve
abductor hallucis
most medial, abduction of hallux at metatarsal joint, flexion at mtp joint medial plantar nerve
abductor digiti minimi
lateral side to 5th digit, abdcution of pinky toe, lateral plantar nerve
flexor digitorum brevis
foot to digits 2-5 to the two proximal joints, flexes digits but not at distal joints, medial plantar nerve
dorsal interossei
digits 2,3,4
abduction, lateral plantar nerve
4 muscles
plantar interossei
digits 3,4,5, adduction, lateral plantar nerve
3 muscles
femoral nerve
psoas major, iliacus, sartorius, rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius, pectineus
obturator nerve
gracilis, adductor magnus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, also obturator internus and externus
extension of knee
rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius, vastus medialis
flexion of knee
biceps femoris longus and brevis, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, sartorius, gracilis, gastrocnemius, popliteus, plantaris
hip flexion
sartorius, rectus femoris, tensor fasciae latae, psoas major, iliacus
extension of hip
gluteus maximus,biceps femoris brevis and longus, semitendinosus, semimembranosus
dorsiflexion
tibialis anterior, extensor digitorum longus, extensor hallicus longus,
plantarflexion
peroneus longus, peroneus brevis,gastrocnemius, soleus, plantaris, flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallicus longus,tibialis posterior
eversion
extensor digitorum longus, peroneus longus, peroneus brevis
inversion
extensor hallicus longus, tibialis anterior, tibialis posterior