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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Trapezius
Origin: Occipital/ Cervical and thoracic vertebrae
Insertion: Scapula/clavicle
Motion: 1. elevates shoulders
2. extended
3. abbduction
LEVATOR SCAPULA
ORIGIN: VERTEBRAE
INSERTION: SCAPULA
RHOMBOIDEUS
ORIGIN: VERTEBRAE
INSERTION: SCAPULA
MOTION: ADUCTION
PECTORALIS MINOR
ORIGIN: RIBS 3-5
INSERTION: SCAPULA
MOTION: 1. DEPRESS SHOULDER
2. ABDUCTS SCAPULA
SERRATUS ANTERIOR
ORIGIN: STERNUM/CLAVICLE
INSERTION: MASTOID PROCESS
MOTION: HYPEREXTENDED
SACROSPINALIS
ORIGIN: LUMBAR, THORACIC
INSERTION: CERVICAL
MOTION: EXTENDS AND HYPER EXTENDS
EXTERNAL OBLIQUE
ORIGIN: RIBS
INSERTION: ILIAC CREST
INTERNAL OBLIQUE
ORIGIN:ILIAC CREST
INSERTION: RIBS
TRANSVERSALIS
ORIGIN: RIBS
INSERTION: PUBIC BONE
LINEA ALBA
FIBROUS BAND (WHITE LINE) EXTENDING FROM XIPHOID PROCESS TO PUBIS SYMPHYSIS. SEPARATES MUSCLES
EXTERNAL INTERCOSTALS
ORIGIN: LOWER RIBS
INSERTION: UPPER RIBS
INTERNAL INTERCOSTALS
ORIGIN: INNER SURFACE OF RIBS
INSERTION: UPPER RIBS
DIAPHRAGM
ORIGIN: XIPHOID PROCESS/RIBS
PECTORALIS MAJOR
ORIGIN: STERNUM, CLAVICLE, RIBS
INSERTION: HUMERUS
LATISSIMUS DORSI
ORIGIN: CONNECTIVE TISSUE OVER THE LUMBAR REGION
INSERTION: HUMERUS
DELTOID
ORIGIN: CLAVICLE, SCAPULA
INSERTION: HUMERUS
BICEPS BRACHI
ORIGIN: SCAPULA
INSERTION: RADIUS
BRACHALIS
ORIGIN: HUMERUS
INSERTION: ULNA
BRACHIORADIALIS
ORIGIN: HUMERUS
INSERTION: RADIUS
TRICEPS BRACHIL
ORIGIN: SCAPULA/HUMERUS
INSERTION: ULNA
PRIME MOVER
MUSCLE THAT CAUSES DESIRED ACTION
SYNERGIST
WORK TOGETHER WITH PRIME MOVER
ANTAGONIST
OPPOSITE EFFECT OF THE PRIME MOVER
ORIGIN:
THE PLACE OF MUSCLE ATTACHMENT THAT USUALLY IS THE MORE STATIONARY POINT
INSERTION
THE PLACE OF MUSCLE ATTACHMENT THAT USUALLY IS THE MORE MOVABLE POINT
SARCOMERE
SACROMERES ARE THE FUNCTIONAL AND STRUCTURAL UNIT OF A MUSCLE
THE Z LINE DIVIDES MYOFIBRILS INTO A SERIES OF REPEATING SEGMENTS CALLED SARCOMERES
LIGHT BANDS
I BANDS: ISOTOPIC (LIGHT CAN PASS THROUGH)
DARK BANDS:
A BANDS ANISOTOPIC (LIGHT CANT PASS THROUGH)
H BAND
IS THE LESS DENSE AREA OF THE A BAND (LITTLE LIGHT)
Z LINE
CROSSING THE CENTER OF EACH I BAND IS A DENSE FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE
MYOSIN
THICK: CONTAINS SUBUNITS SHAPED LIKE GOLF CLUBS
ACTIN
THIN: CONSISTS OF PROTEINS: TROPONIN ANDTROPOMYOSIN
WHAT ARE THE FUNCTIONS OF MUSCLES?
1. POSTURE
2. MOVEMENT OF BODY PARTS
3. PROPULSION
4. ALTERATION OF DIAMETER OF BODY TUBES
5. HEAT PRODUCTION
6. COMMUNICATION (BODY LANGUAGE)
7. PROTECTION