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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Facial Expression Muscles
MUSCLES
1.occipto frontalis
2.orobicularis oculi
3.orbicularis oris
4.buccinator
5.risorius
6.platysma
INNERVATION-cranial nerve VII (facial nerve)
APPLICATION-Bell's palsy
Mastication Muscles
MUSCLES
1.masseter
2.temporalis
3.lateral pterygoid
4.medial pterygoid
INNERVATION-cranial nerve V (trigeminal nerve)
APPLICATION-Trismus(ass.w/ tetanus)
Neck Muscles
MUSCLE
1.sternocleidomastoid
INNERVATION-cranial nerve XI (accessory nerve)
APPLICATION-Torticollis (wry neck)
Suprahyoid Muscles
MUSCLES
1.digastric
2.mylohyoid
3.geniohyoid
INNERVATION-cervical nerves
Infrahyoid Muscles
MUSCLES
1.sternohyoid
2.sternothyroid
3.thyrohyoid
4.omohyoid
INNERVATION-cervical nerves
Lateral Neck Muscles
MUSCLES
1.anterior scalene
2.middle scalene
3.posterior scalene
INNERVATION-cervical nerves
APPLICATION-whiplash injury (scalene muscles)
Shoulder Muscles (Intrinsic)
MUSCLES
1.deltoid
2.supraspinatus
3.infraspinatus
4.teres minor
5.teres major
6.subscapularis
INNERVATION-brachial plexus
APPLICATION-supraspinatus injury
Shoulder Muscles (Extrinsic)
MUSCLES
1.pectoralis minor
2.levator scapulae
3.rhomboid major
4.rhomboid minor
5.serratus anterior
INNERVATION-brachial plexus
APPLICATIONS
1.serratus anterior paralysis -->winged scapulae (scoliosis)
2.springel's deformity
Pectoral Muscles
MUSCLES
1.pectoralis major
2.pectoralis minor
3.subclavius
4.serratus anterior
INNERVATION-brachial plexus
Arm Muscles (anterior arm compartment)
MUSCLES
1.biceps brachii
2.brachialis
3.coracobrachialis
INNVERVATION-musculocutaneous nerve (p. or brachial plexus)
APPLICATIONS
1.porter's hand tip position (musculocutaneous nerve)
2.inability to turn door knobs, car keys etc.(biceps brachii)
Arm Muscles (posterior arm compartment)
MUSCLE
1.triceps brachii
INNERVATION
1.radial nerve (p.of brachial plexus
APPLICATION-wrist drop (radial nerve)
Muscles of Forearm
(flexor compartment/anterior forearm compartment)
MUSCLES
1.palmaris longus
2.flexor carpi ulnaris
3.flexor carpi radialis
4.pronator teres
5.pornator quadratus
6.flexor digitorum superficialis
7.flexor digitorum profundus
8.flexor pollicis longus
INNERVATION-median nerve (p.of brachial plexus execpt FDU & FDP=ulnar nerve)
APPLICATIONS
1.ape hand(median nerve)
2.hand of benediction/claw hand (ulnar nerve)
Muscles of Forearm
(extensor compartment/posterior forearm compartment)
MUSCLES
1.brachioradialis
2.extensor carpi radialis longus
3.extensor carpi radialis brevis
4.extensor carpi ulnaris
5.extensor digitorum
6.extensor digiti minimi
7.extensor indicis
8.anconeus
9.supinator
10.abductor pollicis longus
11.extensor pollicis longus
12.extensor pollicis brevis
INNERVATION-radial nerve (p. of brachial plexus)
APPLICATION-wrist drop (radial nerve)
Hand Muscles (thenar)
MUSCLES
1.abductor pollicis brevis
2.flexor pollicis brevis
3.opponens pollicis
4.adductor pollicis
INNERVATION-median nerve (except add.pollicis/flex.pollicis= ulnar nerve)
APPLICATION-precision & power grip
Hand Muslces (hypothenar)
MUSCLES
1.palmaris brevis
2.abductor digiti minimi
3.flexor digiti minimi
4.opponens digiti minimi
INNERVATION-ulnar nerve
Hand Muscles (longitudinal)
MUSCLES
1.lumbricals (4)
2.interossei(7)
INNERVATION-median & ulnar nerves
APPLICATION-forceful grip & carpal tunnel syndrome
Superficial Back Muscles
MUSCLES
1.trapezius
2.latissimus dorsi
3.levator scapulae
4.rhomboideus major
5.rhomboideus minor
APPLICATION-inability to clim/pull rope or punch (lat.dorsi)
Deep Back Muscles
MUSCLES
1.erector spinae
2.splenius
3.transversospinalis
4.intersegmental
Application
1.multifidius muscle-most common injury
Abdominal Muscles
MUSCLES
1.rectus abdominis
2.external oblique abdominal
3.internal oblique abdominal
4.transversus abdominis
5.pyramidalis
APPLICATION-hypertonic=acute abdomen(appendicitis,peritonitis etc.)
Gluteal Muscles
MUSCLES
1.gluteus maximus
2.gluteus minimus
3.piriformis
4.superior gemellus
5.oturator internus
6.inferior gemellus
7.quadrator femoris
INNERVATION-gluteal nerves
APPLICATIONS
1.lurch gait(gluteus maximus)
2.wallet syndrome(piriformis)
3.Sciatica
Thigh Muscles (hamstrings(post.thigh)
MUSCLES
1.biceps femoris
2.semitendinosus
3.semimembranosus
INNERVATION-sciatic nerve
APPLICATION-cramps (dec.vascularization)
Thigh Muscles (ant.thigh)
MUSCLES
1.sartorius
2.quadriceps femoris
3.tensor fascia latae
4.pectineus
5.articularis genus
INNERVATION-femoral nerve
Thigh Muscles (adductors/medial thigh)
MUSCLES
1.gracilis
2.adductor magnus
3.adductor longus
4.adductor brevis
INNERVATION-obturator nerve (adductor nerve + tibial nerve)
APPLICATION-pes anserinus(duck foot)
Leg Muscles (lat.leg)
MUSCLES
1.peroneus longus
2.peroneus brevis
INNERVATION-superficial peroneal nerve
APPLICATION-foot drop, steppage gait
Leg Muscles (ant.leg)
MUSCLES
1.tibialis ant.
2.extensor digitorum longus
3.peroneus tertius
4.extensor hallucis longus
INNERVATION-deep peroneal nerve
APPLICATION-shin splint
Leg Muscles (post.leg)
MUSCLES
1.gastrocnemius
2.soleus
3.popliteus
4.plantaris
5.tibialis posterior
6.flexor digitorum longus
7.flexor hallucis longus
INNERVATION-tibial nerve
Foot Muscles (dorsum)
Muscles
1.extensor digitorum brevis
2.extensor hallucis brevis
INNERVATION-deep peroneal nerve
Foot Muscles (plantar)
MUSCLES
1.4 layers
Innervation-lateral and medial plantar nerves
Respiration Muscles
MUSCLES
1.intercostal muscles (external,internal,innermost)
2.scalene
3.scm