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41 Cards in this Set

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BICEPS BRACHII
ORIGIN: CORACOID PROCESS & TUBERCLE ABOVE GLENOID CAVITY
INSERTION: RADIAL TUBEROCITY
ACTION: FLEXES & SUPINATES FOREARM; WEAK FLEXOR OF SHOULDER
TERES MAJOR
ORIGIN: INFERIOR ANGLE OF
SCAPULA
INSERTION: INTERTUBERCULAR
GROOVE OF HUMERUS
ACTION: EXTENDS, MEDIALLY
ROTATES & ADDUCTS
HUMERUS
TEMPORALIS
ORIGIN: TEMPORAL BONE
INSERTION: CORONOID PROCESS OF
MANDIBLE
ACTION: ELEVATES & RETRACTS
MANDIBLE
STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID
ORIGIN: STERNUM & CLAVICLE
INSERTION: MASTOID PROCESS
ACTION: IF BOTH CONTRACT, FLEXES THE NECK. IF 1 CONTRACTS, ROTATES HEAD TOWARD SHOULDER ON OPPOSITE SIDE & TILTS HEAD TO ITS OWN SIDE
PLATYSMA
ORIGIN: FASCIA OF CHEST
INSERTION: LOWER EDGE OF MANDIBLE; SKIN/MUSCLE AT CORNER OF MOUTH
ACTION: HELPS DEPRESS MANDIBLE; PULLS LOWER LIP BACK AND DOWN; TENSES SKIN OF THE NECK
SERRATUS ANTERIOR
ORIGIN: RIBS 1-8
INSERTION: ANTERIOR VERT. BORDER OF SCAPULA
ACTION: PROTRACTS AND ROTATES SCAPULA WHICH ABDUCTS AND RAISES ARM (BOXER'S MUSCLE)
EXTERNAL OBLIQUE
ORIGIN: LOWER 8 RIBS
INSERTION: ANTERIOR APONEUROSIS INTO LINEA ALBA; SOME INTO PUBIS & ILIAC CREST
ACTION: FLEXES VERTEBRAL COLUMN; AIDS IN TRUNK
ROTATION & LATERAL FLEXION; INCREASES
INTRA-ABDOMINAL PRESSURE
TRAPEZIUS
ORIGIN: OCCIPITAL BONE/ VERT.SPINE
INSERTION: ACROMION/SPINE OF SCAPULA/CLAVICLE
ACTION: ELEVATES, RETRACTS & ROTATES SCAPULA; LOWER FIBERS CAN DEPRESS SCAPULA
BRACHIORADIALIS
ORIGIN: DISTAL END OF HUMERUS
INSERTION: BASE OF STYLOID PROCESS OF RADIUS
ACTION: FLEXES FOREARM
DELTOID
ORIGIN: CLAVICLE, ACROMION & SPINE OF SCAPULA
INSERTION: DELTOID TUBEROSITY OF HUMERUS
ACTION: ABDUCTS ARM; ANTERIOR FIBERS CAN FLEX &
MEDIALLY ROTATE, POSTERIOR FIBERS CAN EXTEND & LATERALLY ROTATE ARM
TRICEPS BRACHII
ORIGIN: SCAPULA, HUMERUS (2 PLACES)
INSERTION: OLECRANON PROCESS OF ULNA
ACTION: EXTENDS FOREARM; CAN ASSIST IN ARM ADDUCTION
SARTORIUS
ORIGIN: ANTERIOR SUPERIOR ILIAC SPINE
INSERTION: MEDIAL PORTION OF PROXIMAL TIBIA
ACTION: FLEXES, ABDUCTS & LATERALLY ROTATE THIGH; WEAKLY FLEXES KNEE (CROSSES LEGS)
GRACILIS
ORIGIN: INFERIOR SURFACE OF PUBIS
INSERTION: MEDICAL PORTION OF PROXIMAL TIBIA
ACTION: ADDUCTS & MEDIALLY ROTATES THIGH, FLEXES KNEE
MASSETER
ORIGIN: ZYGOMATIC ARCH/MAXILLA
INSERTION: ANGLE OF MANDIBLE
ACTION: ELEVATES MANDIBLE
RECTUS FEMORIS
ORIGIN: ANTERIOR INFERIOR ILIAC SPINE; TOP EDGE OF ACETABULUM
INSERTION: PATELLA & TIBIAL TUBEROCITY
ACTION: FLEXES THIGH (HIP) & EXTENDS KNEE
VASTUS LATERALIS
ORIGIN: GREATER TROCHANTER OF FEMUR
INSERTION: PATELLA & TIBIAL TUBEROCITY
ACTION: EXTENDS & STABILIZES KNEE (LEG)
VASTUS MEDIALIS
ORIGIN: FEMUR
INSERTION: PATELLA & TIBIAL TUBEROCITY
ACTION: EXTENDS KNEE (LEG)
VASTUS INTERMEDIUS
ORIGIN: FEMUR
INSERTION: PATELLA & TIBIAL TUBEROCITY
ACTION: EXTENDS KNEE (LEG)
ZYGOMATICUS
ORIGIN: ZYGOMATIC BONE
INSERTION: SKIN & MUSCLE AT
CORNERS OF MOUTH
ACTION: ELEVATES CORNERS OF
MOUTH (SMILE MUSCLE)
ORBICULARIS ORIS
ORIGIN: MAXILLA & MANDIBLE
INSERTION: MUSCLE & SKIN
AT EDGES OF MOUTH
ACTION: PURSES & PROTRUDES
LIPS (KISSING MUSCLE)
TERES MINOR
ORIGIN: LATERAL BORDER OF
DORS. SCAPULA
INSERTION: GREATER TUBERCLE OF
HUMERUS
ACTION: STABILIZES SHOULDER
(HEAD OF HUMERUS);
ROTATES HUMERUS LATER.
ORBICULARIS OCULI
ORIGIN: FRONTAL & MAXILLA
INSERTION: TISSUE OF EYELID
ACTION: CLOSES EYELIDS &
DRAWS EYEBROWS
INFERIORLY
RHOMBOIDS (MAJOR AND MINOR)
ORIGIN: SPINOUS PROCESSES
INSERTION: MEDIAL BORDER OF
SCAPULA
ACTION: RETRACTS SCAPULA
(SQUARES SHOULDERS);
ROTATES SCAPULA
DOWNWARD (PADDLING &
CANOE)
PECTORALIS MAJOR
ORIGIN: CLAVICLE, STERNUM &
RIBS 1-8
INSERTION: INTERTUBERCULAR
GROOVE OF HUMERUS
ACTION: FLEXES, MEDIALLY
ROTATES, ADDUCTS ARM;
W/SCAPULA FIXED
ELEVATES RIBCAGE
RECTUS ABDOMINIS
ORIGIN: PUBIS & PUBIC
SYNTHESIS
INSERTION: XIPHOID PROCESS/
COSTAL CARTILAGES (5-7)
ACTION: FLEX/ROTATE VERTEBRAL
COLUMN; DEPRESS RIBS;
INCREASES INTRA- ABDOMINAL PRESSURE
BRACHIALIS
ORIGIN: NEAR DELTOID TUBEROCITY ON ANTERIOR HUMERUS
INSERTION: CORANOID PROCESS OF ULNA
ACTION: FLEXES FOREARM
INTERNAL OBLIQUE
ORIGIN: LUMBAR FASCIA &
ILIAC CREST
INSERTION: LINEA ALBA, PUBIS,
RIBS (9-12)
ACTION: SAME AS FOR EXTERNAL
OCCIPITALIS
ORIGIN: OCCIPITAL/TEMPORAL
BONE
INSERTION: GALEA APONEUROTICA
ACTION: PULLS SCALP
POSTERIORLY
TENSOR FASCIA LATA
ORIGIN: ANTERIOR ILIAC CREST & ANTERIOR SUPERIOR ILIAC SPINE
INSERTION: ILIOTIBIAL TRACT
ACTION: FLEXES, ABDUCTS, AND MEDIALLY ROTATES THIGH
GLUTEUS MAXIMUS
ORIGIN: DORSAL ILIUM, SACRUM, COCCYX
INSERTION: FEMUR & ILIOTIBIAL TRACT
ACTION: MAJOR EXTENSOR OF THIGH (CLIMBING, RUNNING); ALSO LATERALLY ROTATES AND ABDUCTS THIGH
FRONTALIS
ORIGIN: GALEA APONEUROTICA
INSERTION: SKIN OF EYEBROWS
ROOT OF NOSE
ACTION: ELEVATES EYEBROWS
AND WRINKLES FOREHEAD
TRANSVERSUS ABDOMINIS
ORIGIN: LUMBAR FASCIA, RIBS/
ILIAC CREST
INSERTION: LINEA ALBA, PUBIS
ACTION: INCREASES INTRA-
ABDOMINAL PRESSURE
BICEPS FEMORIS
ORIGIN: ISCHIAL TUBEROSITY & FEMUR
INSERTION: LATERAL CONDYLE OF TIBIA & FIBULA HEAD
ACTION: EXTENDS AND LATERALLY ROTATES THIGH, FLEXES LEG
GLUTEUS MEDIUS
ORIGIN: LATERAL SURFACE OF ILIUM
INSERTION: GREATER TROCHANTER OF FEMUR
ACTION: ABDUCTS, MEDIALLY ROTATES THIGH (WALKING)
LATISSIMUS DORSI
ORIGIN: T7-L5, RIBS 9-12,
ILIAC CREST
INSERTION: INTERTUBERCULAR
GROOVE OF HUMERUS
ACTION: ADDUCTS, EXTENDS,
MEDIALLY ROTATES
HUMERUS (DOWNWARD
POWER STROKE)
SEMIMEMBRANOSUS
ORIGIN: ISCHIAL TUBEROCITY
INSERTION: TIBIA MED. CONDYLE; FEMUR LAT. CONDYLE
ACTION: EXTENDS AND MEDIALLY ROTATES THIGH, FLEXES LEG
SEMITENDINOSIS
ORIGIN: ISCHIAL TUBEROSITY
INSERTION: MEDIAL TIBIA
ACTION: EXTENDS AND MEDIALLY ROTATES THIGH, FLEXES LEG
PECTORALIS MINOR
ORIGIN: RIBS 3-5
INSERTION: CORACOID PROCESS OF
SCAPULA
ACTION: DRAWS SCAPULA FORWARD
AND DOWNWARD; WITH
SCAPULA FIXED ELEVATES
RIBCAGE
TIBIALIS ANTERIOR
ORIGIN: LATERAL CONDYLE AND SHAFT OF TIBIA; INTEROSSEOUS MEMBRANE
INSERTION: TARUSUS AND 1ST METATARSUS
ACTION: PRIME MOVER OF DORSIFLEXION; INVERTS FOOT
SOLEUS
ORIGIN: SUPERIOR TIBIA AND FIBULA; INTEROSSEOUS MEMBRANE
INSERTION: CALCANEUS THROUGH ACHILLES (CALCANEAL) TENDON
ACTION: PLANTAR FLEXES FOOT
GASTROCNEMIUS
ORIGIN: MEDIAL AND LATERAL CONDYLES OF FEMUR
INSERTION: CALCANEUS THROUGH ACHILLES (CALCANEAL)TENDON
ACTION: PLANTAR FLEXES FOOT; CAN FLEX KNEE