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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Lattisimus Dorsi
Origin: Sacrum, lumbar vertebrae and lower thoratic vertebrae
Iliac Crest/ ribs

Insertion: Humerus (Anterior proximal)

Joint: Shoulder

Action:Extension, Adduction, Internal rotation
Teres Major
Origin: Scapula (Inferior angle)

Insertion: Humerusw (Anterior, proximal)

Joint: Shoulder/ Scapula

Action: Extension, Adduction and internal rotation
Pectoralis Major
Origin: Sternum, Clavicle and ribs

Insertion: Humerus (Anterior proximal)

Joint: Shoulder

Action: Horizontal flexion, shoulder flexion, adduction and internal rotation
Deltoid Anterior
Origin: Clavicle

Insertion: Lateral proximal humerus

Joint: shoulder

Action:flexion, horizonal flexion, internal rotation
Deltoid Medial
Origin: Acromion process

Insertion: lateral proximal humerus

Joint: shoulder

Action:abduction
Deltoid Posterior
Origin: Spine of scapula

Insertion: lateral proximal humerus

Joint: Shoulder

Action: extension, horizontal extension, external rotation
Biceps brachii
Origin: Scapula

Insertion: Radius

Joint: Shoulder and elbow

Action: shoulder flexion, elbow flexion and supination of the forearm
Brachialis
Origin: Humerus (distal anterior)

Insertion: Ulna (proximal anterior)

Joint: Elbow

Action: Elbox flexion
Brachioradialis
Origin: Humerus (distal lateral)

Insertion: Radius (distal lateral)

Joint: Elbow

Action: Elbow flexion
Triceps brachii
Origin: Scapular and humerus

Insertion: Ulna

Joint: Shoulder/ Elbow

Action: Shoulder extension and elbox extension
Psoas Major (Hip flexor)
Origin: Lumbar vertebrae, Transverse processes of lumbar vertebrae

Insertion: Femur, Lesser trocanter

Joint: Hip

Action:Hip flexion, trunk flexion, lateral rotation
Iliacus (Hip flexor)
Origin: Ilium (Iliac fossa)

Insertion: Femur (lesser trochanter)

Joint: Hip

Action: hip flexion, lateral rotation
Gluteus maximus
Origin: Iliac crest, sacrum and coccyx

Insertion: femur and iliotibial tract

Joint: Hip

Action: Hip extension, external rotation
Gluteus minimus
Origin: Ilium (Outer surface)

Insertion: Femur (Greater trochanter)

Joint: Hip

Action: Hip abduction, internal rotation
Gluteus Medius
Origin: Ilium (outer surface)

Insertion: Fenur (greater trochanter)

Joint: Hip

Action: Hip abduction, internal rotation
Rectus femoris (Quads)
Origin: Iliac crest, Anterior, inferior iliac spine (AIIS)

Insertion: Tibia

Joint: Hip/ knee

Action: hip flexion, knee extension
Vastus lateralis
Origin: femur (greater trochanter and linea aspera)

Insertion: Tibia

Joint: knee

Action: knee extension
Vastus Medialis
Origin: Femur

Insertion: tibia

Joint: knee

Action: knee extension
Vastus intermedius
Origin: Femur (anterior lateral)

Insertion: Tibia

Joint: Knee

Action: Knee extension
Biceps Femoris
Origin: Ishial tuberosity

Insertion: Lateral condyle of tibia and fibula head

Joint: Hip/ knee

Action: Hip extension, knee flexion
Semi-tendinosus and Semi-membranosus
Origin: Ishial tuberosity

Insertion: Tibia (Medial surface)

Joint: Hip/knee

Action: Hip extension/ knee flexion
Gastrocnemius
Origin: Femur (lateral and medial condyles)

Insertion: Tarsals (calcaneous via achilles tendon)

Joint: Knee/ Ankle

Action: Knee flexion, ankle plantar flexion
Soleus
Origin: tibia (Medial border) and head of fibula

Insertion: Tarsals (calcaneous via achilles tendon)

Joint: Ankle

Action: Ankle plantar flexion
Tibialus anterior
Origin: Tibia

Insertion: Metatarsals

Joint: Ankle, Metatarsals

Action: Dorsiflexion, ankle inversion
Erector spinae
Origin: Vertebral Column

Insertion: Vertebral column

Joint: Vertebral/ trunk

Action: Extends vertebral column, maintains erect posture, Assists in head rotation
Quadratus lumborum
Origin: Iliac crest

Insertion: Ribs (12th) and lumbar vertebrae (1st - 4th)

Joint: Vertebral/ trunk

Action: Latreral Flexion, Lateral extension, lateral pelvic tilt
Transverse abdominis
Origin: 6th - 12th ribs, lumbar vertebrae and iliac crest via the lumbothoracic fascia from the transverse processes of L1-5.

Insertion: Linea alba Xiphoid process (at bottom of sternum and) and pubis

Joint: Vertebral/ trunk

Action: Abdomen compression
Rectus abdominus
Origin: Pubis, Pubic symphisis

Insertion: 5th - 7th rib

Joint: Vertebral/ trunk

Action: Trunk flexion
External abdominal oblique
Origin: Ribs 4th -12th pair of ribs

Insertion: Iliac crest to linea alba

Joint: vertebral/ trunk

Action: Lateral flexion, rotation, flexion
Internal abdominal oblique
Origin: Iliac crest and the thoracic lumbar fascia

Insertion: Ribs and Linea alba

Joint: Vertebral/ trunk

Action: Lateral flexion, rotation, flexion
Multifidus
Origin: Transverse processes of vertebra

Insertion: Spinous processes of all the vertebra

Joint: stabiliser controls rotation
Trapezius (Upper)
Origin: Occipital bone and posterior ligaments of the neck

Insertion: Clavicle

Joint: Scapula

Action: Scapula elevation, lateral rotation of neck and neck extension

Trapezius (Middle)
Origin: Spinous processes of 7th cervical and 1st - 3rd thoracic vertebrae

Insertion: accromion process and spine of scapula

Joint: Scapula

Action: Scapula retraction, lateral rotation
Trapezius (Lower)
Origin: 4th - 12th thoracic vertebrae

Insertion: Spine of scapula

Joint: Scapula

Action: Scapula depression
Levator Scapulae
Origin: Cervical Vertebrae c1- c4 trasverse processes

Insertion: Scapula (superior)

Joint: Scapula and neck

Action: Scapula elevation, Lateral flexion of neck, neck extension
Rhomboids (Minor)
Origin: C7- T1 spinpous processes

Insertion: medial border of scapula

Joint: Scapula

Action: Retraction

Insertion
Rhomboids (Major)
Origin: T2 - T5 spinous processes

Insertion: Medial border and inferior angle of scapula

Joint: Scapula

Action: Retraction and medial rotation
Pectoralis Minor
Origin: Ribs - anterior (3rd - 5th pair of ribs)

Insertion: Scapula (Coracoid Process)

Joint: Scapula

Action: Scapula protraction and depression
Serratus anterior
Origin: Ribs - upper 9 ribs

Insertion: Scapula, Medial border

Joint: Scapula

Action: Scapula protraction and lateral rotation
Sternocleidomastoid
Origin: Sternum and clavicle

Insertion: skull mastoid process

Joint: Neck

Action: Neck flexion and lateral flexion
Supraspinatus
Origin: Above the scapula spine

Insertion: Head of Humerus

Joint: Shoulder

Action: Abduction stabiliser
Infraspinatus
Origin: Below the scapula spine

Insertion: Head of humerus

Joint: Shoulder

Action: External rotation stabiliser
Subscapularis
Origin: Anterior surface of scapula

Insertion: head of humerus

Joint: Shoulder

Action: internal roatation stabiliser
Teres Minor
Origin: Lateral border of scapula

Insertion: head of humerus

Joint: Shoulder

Action: external rotation stabiliser
Adductor Magnus
Origin: Pubis and ishium

Insertion: Femur

Joint: Hip

Action: Hip adduction and hip flexion
Adductor Brevis
Origin: Pubis

Insertion: Femur

Joint: Hip

Action: hip adduction and flexion
Adductor longis
Origin: Pubis

Insertion: Femur

Joint: Hip

Action: Hip adduction and hip flexion
Pectineus
Origin: Pubis

Insertion: Femur (Proximal posterior)

Joint: Hip

Action: Hip adduction, Hip flexion
Gracilis
Origin: Pubis

Insertion: Tibia (Medial proximal)

Joint: Hip/ knee

Action: Hip adduction, Hip flexion, knee flexion
Tensor fascia latae
Origin: Iliac crest

Insertion: Tibia via illotibial tract

Joint: hip

Action: Hip flexion, hip abduction
Sartorius
Origin: Ilium (Anterior superior)

Insertion: Tibia

Joint: Hip

Action: Hip flexion, lateral rotation, knee flexion