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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
atony
lack of normal tone or strength, happens in muscles which are deprived of innervation
atrophy
The wasting away or weakening of muscle fibers due to a lack of usage.
bursitis
inflammation of a bursa
bursa
A sac-like cavity filled with synovial fluid and located in places where tendons or muslces pass over bony prominences.
charley horse
A bruised or torn muscle accompanied by cramps and severe pain. This particular injury most commonly affects the quadriceps muscle.
cramp
A sustained spasm or contraction of a muscle accompanied by severe, localized pain.
dystonia
Sustained abnormal postures or disruptions of normal movement resulting from alterations of muscle tone.
Dupuytren's contracture
Painless thickening and contracture of the palmar fascia due to fibrous proliferation, resulting in loss of function of the fingers.
fasciculations
Similar to fibrillations or tremors. A repetitive involuntary contraction of muscle. The main cause is nerve damage.
fibromyalgia
A group of rheumatic disorders characterzed by achy pain, tenderness, and stiffness of muscles and tendon insertions.
Myofascial pain syndrome
another name for fibromyalgia
fibromyositis
another name for fibromyalgia
ganglion
a thin-walled band cyst formed on a joint capsule or tendon sheath.
leiomyoma
a benign tumor of smooth muscle tissue
muscular dystrophy
a genetic abnormality of muscle tissue characterized by dysfunction and ultimately deterioration
myalgia
muscle pain
myasthenia gravis
a chronic progressive neuromuscular weakness, usually starting with the muscles of the face and throat.
myopathy
any disease of the muscles
myositis ossificans
severe contusion or tearing of a muscle
paralysis
the loss of nervous control of a muscle.
paraplegia
paralysis of the legs (lower extremities)
quadriplegia
paralysis of all four limbs
plantar fasciitis
excessive pulling or stretching of the calcaneal periosteum by the plantar fascia resulting in pain along the inner border of the plantar fascia.
polymyositis
an autoimmune disorder which causes atrophy and weakness of the muscles.
rigor mortis
the muscular hardness occurring four to seven hours after death.
tendinitis
inflammation of a tendon or the synovial lining of a tendon sheath. Due to trauma or repetitive wear.
tenosynovitis
another name for tendinitis
tennis elbow
A strain of the lateral forearm muscles or the tendinous attachments near their origin on the epicondyle of the humerus.
lateral and medial epicondylitis
strain of the lateral forearm muscles or the tendinous attachments near their origin on the epicondyle of the humerus.
tetanus
A disease caused by the bacterium Clostridium tetani which produces a toxin that causes muscles to go into tetany. Characterized by muscular cramps and twitching. Jaw muscles are affected first. Commonly called lockjaw.
torticollis
Persistent contraction of a sternocleidomastoid muscle, drawing the head to one side and distorting the face. Causes rotation of the head.